ESRI Conservation Program Resources:

International Groups, Global Organizations, World Regions (under construction)

(ECP and CTSP members, sites of interest for mapping/GIS, scholarly papers and ESRI Conference Proceedings, and sites with public conservation and GIS data for downloading) (Under Construction, due for completion, compartmentalization and final indexing 11-30-99)

Sites of interest for mapping/GIS

(Legend: CTSP sites are coded "c" plus the year of the grant, (cs=software, cm=mac), ECP grantees are coded "e". Many groups, especially newer grantees, do not yet have their own sites and are colored green. Other new groups may be described or supported by other sites)


International Conservation & Sustainable Development

Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) . (P.O. BOX 6596, JKPWB Jakarta 10065 Indonesia, tel:+62-251-622-622 fax:+62-251-622-100 Director General: Dr. Jeffrey Sayer . ) "CIFOR was established under the CGIAR system in response to global concerns about the social, environmental and economic consequences of loss and degradation of forests. It operates through a series of highly decentralized partnerships with key institutions and/or individuals throughout the developing and industrialized worlds. " FREE ONLINE PUBLICATIONS and Downloadable ArcView Data: "CEC publications provide information about the environment in North America as well as the CEC's work under the North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation (NAAEC). The CEC's publications policy is based on principles of openness and transparency and is designed to reflect a commitment to greater public access to environmental information in North America. For that reason, all publications are available here without cost in full-text, electronic versions. Bound hardcopy versions can also be ordered for a fee. " Subject Areas, Environmental Conservation, Protecting Human Health and the Environment, Environment, Trade and Economy, Enforcement Cooperation and Law.

Commission on Environmental Cooperation . (393 rue St-Jacques Ouest, bureau 200, Montréal (Québec) H2Y 1N9, Canada Tel: (514) 350-4300 Fax: (514) 350-4314 ) "The Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC) is an international organization whose members include Canada, Mexico and the United States. The CEC was created under the North American Agreement for Environmental Cooperation (NAAEC) to address regional environmental concerns, help prevent potential trade and environmental conflicts and promote the effective enforcement of environmental law. "

Consultative Group for International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) . (CGIAR Secretariat 1818 H Street, N.W. room J-4073 Washington, D.C. 20433, USA, Phone: (1-202) 473-8951 Telex: 82987 WORLDBANK Cable: INTBAFRAD Fax: (1-202) 473-8110 E-Mail: HomePage: "The CGIAR, established in 1971, is an informal association of fifty-three public and private sector members that supports a network of sixteen international agricultural research centers...The mission of the CGIAR is to contribute, through its research, to promoting sustainable agriculture for food security in the developing countries...The CGIAR holds in trust for the future one of the world’s largest ex situ collections of plant genetic resources, containing over 600,000 accessions of more than 3,000 crop, forage, and pasture species."

FORUM: Habitat in Developing Countries (U. Torino) Links Page. (DIPARTIMENTO INTERATENEO TERRITORIO c/o BIBLIOTECA TERRITORIO AMBIENTE Facoltà di Architettura - Politecnico di Torino Viale Mattioli 39, 10125 Torino, Italia Tel.: +39 11 5647469 - Fax.: +39 11 5647499 E-Mail: ) This is a virtul library about the habitat in developing countries. It is mantained by the "Forum: habitat in developing Countries", an initiative of the Library "Territorio Ambiente" of the Faculty of Architecture of the Polytechnic of Torino. "The main concern of the Forum: Habitat in Developing Countries is to use the internet to ease and improve communication amongst researchers and practitioners from all over the world (especially architects and planners) engaged in innovative approaches to research, planning, development and capacity building projects in developing countries."

IUCN: The World Conservation Union, Gland, Switzerland e90.Our Mission is to influence, encourage and assist societies throughout the world to conserve the integrity and diversity of nature and to ensure that any use of natural resources is equitable and ecologically sustainable....The Information Management Group provides strategic direction for development of coordinated data and information systems and services. IMG has been actively involved in the creation of the Biodiversity Conservation Information System (BCIS) - a consortium bringing together 9 IUCN programmes and partners; works with WRI and IIED on the International Environment and Natural Resources Information Service (INTERAISE);

IUCN: The World Conservation Union, Gland, Switzerland e90 e98. . (IUCN World Headquarters, Rue Mauverney 28 CH 1196 Gland, Switz.Tel: Fax: Email: +41.22.9990001 +41.22.9990002 "IUCN advises and assists governments, organisations and local communities in devising conservation strategies and in their implementation. Through its vast networks worldwide, IUCN helps the world share its hands-on conservation experience in a "cross-fertilization" of ideas that can often lead to innovative solutions to common problems. Its global outreach means that IUCN can help local conservation organisations learn from the experiences of their colleagues thousands of kilometres away and can even equip these groups with the tools necessary to achieve their conservation goals. At the same time, IUCN serves as a veritable bank of information and expertise which can be made readily available to both its constituency and the general public in order to promote conservation." Some examples of IUCN's work include: Restoring a Wetland Ecosystem in Cameroon; Working to protect teh native forests of the Andes in South America; Managing a database of global environmental legislation.Our Mission is to influence, encourage and assist societies throughout the world to conserve the integrity and diversity of nature and to ensure that any use of natural resources is equitable and ecologically sustainable....The Information Management Group provides strategic direction for development of coordinated data and information systems and services. IMG has been actively involved in the creation of the Biodiversity Conservation Information System (BCIS) - a consortium bringing together 9 IUCN programmes and partners; works with WRI and IIED on the International Environment and Natural Resources Information Service (INTERAISE).

IUCN Commission on Environmental Strategy and Planning, Sacramento , CA e92 .(IUCN/US Suite 502 1400 16th Street NW Washington DC 20036 USA Tel: +1.202.797.5454 Fax: +1.202.797.5461 E-mail: Established in 1966, CESP has nearly 300 members in 70 countries. IUCN is a union of governments, government agencies, and non-governmental organisations working at the field and policy levels, together with scientists and experts, to protect nature.

The Mountain Institute, Franklin WV c95 .(The Mountain Institute, Main & Dogwood Streets, P.O. Box 907, Franklin WV 26807 USA Phone: 304 358-2401 FAX: 304 358-2400 E.mail: "Founded in 1972, The Mountain Institute seeks to preserve mountain environments and advance mountain cultures by promoting worldwide partnerships that create innovative and sustainable solutions to global mountain problems. ...Our GIS capability supports the conservation goals of The Mountain Institute and its partners by better educating people on environmental issues and management options. By publishing maps that highlight critical mountain environmental issues and are targeted at decision-makers, park managers, and the general public, we ultimately seek to enhance the capacity of mountain peoples to protect their natural and cultural heritage, improve their livelihoods, while sustaining local biodiversity. The Mountain Institute currently serves the role of Convenor for the Mountain Forum: "Originating from activities preceding the 1992 Earth Summit, the Mountain Forum offers a venue for global linkage of individuals and organizations concerned with mountain cultures, environment and sustainable development. Uses GIS to increase effectiveness in advocacy, activism, and network-building in support of mountain environments and cultures worldwide. " Don't Miss their Clickable Map Mountains of the World :GIS Database for The Mountain Forum : "Development of a GIS database of the mountains of the world was initiated to help support the networking goals of the Mountain Forum (MF). The first application of the MF GIS database was to link the existing Mountain Forum membership database with a spatial database allowing for geographical queries of interested MF members. In the future, the GIS database may also include data about mountain areas such as, environmental issues, active regional organizations, or designated protected areas. The GIS Mountains of the World database, integrated with World Wide Web technology, will serve as a window through which the MF organization and its membership may share and access pertinent information worldwide on mountains. The Mountains of the World GIS database is a generalized representation of mountainous regions throughout the world. Polygons are used to symbolize massifs. Each polygon is assigned a number (GISID) which then links that polygon to other databases (i.e. MF membership database). Assigning definite boundaries to a mountain range or massif is problematic...Map compiled by Matthew Sherald, The Mountain Institute, on 7/15/98. The Mountain Institute's GIS laboratory is supported in part through grants from ESRI and the Conservation Technology Support Program. "

Pacific Environment and Resources Center, Ca e94 . (1440 Broadway, Suite 306, Oakland, CA 94612 USA . Phone: (510) 251-8800; Fax: (510) 251-8838 E-mail: Gis contact: David Gordon ) . "Pacific Environment and Resources Center protects endangered ecosystems around the Pacific Rim through grassroots advocacy, environmental education, and law and policy analysis. ...GIS capacity has greatly enhanced PERC's outreach efforts, particularly in the United States. Most Americans are unfamiliar with even basic Russian geography, so it is hard for them to imagine the location of a city, mine, or logging operation on the other side of the world. Visual images and maps are key to attracting their assistance in protecting the environment in other countries. PERC has used GIS to develop educational maps to help familiarize government officials, NGOs, foundations, and private citizens with the areas where PERC is active. These maps have proven very effective, and we have been very impressed with the positive response they have received. This enhanced outreach capability has allowed PERC to generate greater awareness about the many threats facing Pacific Rim ecosystems....Perhaps the most effective map that PERC has produced to date is a map of Sakhalin Island in the Russian Far East. Sakhalin Island is receiving the largest international investment in the Russian Far East from multinational oil companies to develop its rich offshore oil and gas reserves. Nonetheless, scientists and environmentalists are concerned about the oil and gas development due to its potential impacts on the rich Sea of Okhotsk marine ecosystem, especially from oil spills. PERC used data from ESRI and other sources to develop a map comparing the extent of damage caused by the Exxon Valdez oil spill to Sakhalin Island. This map concept was based on a similar map comparing this tragic spill to the east coast of the United States. The map has had a dramatic effect, since the Valdez spill dwarfs Sakhalin Island and shows that a large-scale spill could reach as far as Hokkaido Island in Japan. It had a particularly strong impact on government and NGO representatives in Japan, whose banks are helping to finance this oil development and whose fisheries would be threatened by a spill. The map has assisted PERC representatives during visits to Japan to encourage greater responsibility among local government agencies as well as in Russia. PERC has now produced the map in English and Russian and is planning to produce a Japanese-language version for an upcoming trip to Hokkaido....PERC will expand its GIS capabilities and its work with Russian NGOs to use GIS mapping as an effective strategy to achieve conservation objectives. PERC will work with NGOs in Primorsky, Khabarovsk, Amursky, Sakhalin, and Kamchatka regions to develop simple GIS maps for conservation purposes. " See Also: "Grassroots Organizing Protects Biodiversity in Southern Siberia (From Pacific Environments, Summer 1999)" by Dave Martin .

Protected Areas Resource Centers (PARC) (Tom Moritz, Chair, WCPA Information Management Task Force, California Academy of Sciences, Golden Gate Park, San Francisco, CA, 94118, USA; "PARC will be a distributed network of international, regional, and local information management nodes. PARC International will provide a focal point for an internationally distributed network for the collection of protected areas data, for the production of new protected areas resources and for the design and delivery of information services. "

United Nations Development Program . (UNDP WASHINGTON , D.C. LIAISON OFFICE 1775 K Street, N.W. ,Suite 420 Washington D.C., 20006; Facsimile: (202) 331-9363 Tel: (202) 331-9130/31) UNDP helps countries adopt integrated approaches that focus on managing natural resources to improve the livelihoods of people living in poverty. Priority is given to "preventive" approaches. Care is taken to ensure that actions to cope with immediate crises do not interfere with the long-term ustainability of resources and development processes.

UNEP GRID Arendal . (GRID-Arendal, Longum Park, P.O. Box 1602 MYRENE, N-4801, Arendal, Norway. TEL: +47-370-35500 FAX: +47-370-35050 E-mail "As a part of the global GRID network of cooperating centers, UNEP/GRID-Arendal aims at being a center of excellence for improving the accessibility and the application of scientific knowledge about the environment to policy formulation and decision-making processes....GRID-Arendal specialises in advanced Geographic Information Systems (GIS), data preparation and modelling, database development, data searching and communication via tools such as the Internet and World Wide Web. The Online GIS and Map and Graphics Database has worldwide data in ArcInfo (pc and unix) format for many areas: Agriculture, Base map, Boundary, Drainage, Geology, Land cover, Population, Protected areas, Topography & Bathymetry, Vegetation, Wilderness."

UNEP/GRID-CGIAR COOPERATION ((GRID-Arendal, Longum Park, P.O. Box 1602 MYRENE, N-4801, Arendal, Norway. TEL: +47-370-35500 FAX: +47-370-35050 E-mail . "The main objective of the UNEP/CGIAR project for the 'Use of Geographic Information Systems in Agricultural Research Management' is to establish long-term cooperative links between UNEP and the CGIAR system to effectively integrate natural resource and socio-economic information into agricultural research activities. " see especially: GIS in Agriculture - Examples, and CGIAR SPATIAL DATASET HOLDINGS CATALOGUE (METADATA) .

UNEP/GRID Sioux Falls: (Dr. Ashbindu Singh UNEP/GRID-Sioux Falls EROS Data Center Sioux Falls, SD 57198, USA ; Tel: 605 594 6117; Fax: 605 594 6119; e-mail: www.: . GRID-Sioux Falls has been operational since 1991 and functions as a partnership between UNEP, USGS and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). The objective of GRID-Sioux Falls is to help nations attain sustainable development by making remotely-sensed images and other spatial information available as well as developing methods for using this information to support models of population and environment...GRID-Sioux Falls provides access to the extensive data archive of satellite imagery housed at the EROS Data Center. The primary database development activities are land cover characterization, digital elevation mapping, and environmental change analysis.... AVHRR Global Land Cover Project: GRID-Sioux Falls is working in close cooperation with the USGS, Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), United States Forest Service (USFS), and NASA to build a global land cover characteristics data base from NOAA 1-km Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) imagery. This database, which is based on satellite remote sensing, is an alternative to conventional land cover maps. The approach provides a flexible source of tailored data that meets the requirements of a wide range of environmental applications...

World Comission On Protected Areas (WCPA) .(WCPA Protected Areas Programme, IUCN World Headquarters, Rue Mauverney 28 CH 1196 Gland, Switz.,Tel: +41.22.9990162, Fax: +41.22.9990015, E-mail: . "Since 1960 WCPA has grown to be the largest global network of protected area managers and specialists, with 1,000 members and 160 countries. It is centrally coordinated by a Steering Committee and supported by the IUCN Protected Areas Programme." WCPA works to assist in the planning in protected areas thus increase investment and strengthen capacity and effectiveness of protected area managers.

World Conservation Monitoring Centre, Cambridge England e89 . (Information Officer, World Conservation Monitoring Centre, 219 Huntingdon Road, Cambridge CB3 0DL, United Kingdom. Tel: +44 1223 277314; Fax: +44 1223 277136. Email: GIS Contact: Jonathan Rhind ) WCMC is internationally recognised as a centre of excellence in the location and management of information on the conservation and sustainable use of the world's living resources. These pages will guide you to global data on biodiversity and information relating to WCMC's activities in this field...WCMC maintains a large and varied collection of databases concerning nature conservation. It is beginning the process of making this information available through the Internet with this collection of links: Species Information: Databases on the world's threatened animals and plants, Protected Areas Information : This link includes the 1993 UN List of National Parks and Protected Areas compiled at WCMC and other information, Forest Information: Maps and statistics on the world's forests, Marine Information: Maps and statistics on the world's marine and coastal resources, National Biodiversity Profiles: Facts and figures on the state of biological diversity for a number of countries, WCMC Library Catalogue: WCMC's Bibliographic Service. You can download the Biodiversity Source Book (WP5 & gif format general information about global biodiversity) from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre FTP site. Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species: CITES listed Species Database , these on-line databases have distribution and threat information, though no information about populations. NEW: IMS MAP SERVER SITES: Emergency Environmental Information for the Petroleum Industry web site (requires a free password to login, just email to ask for one) , Interactive maps of the World Heritage sites, Interactive map of the distribution of birds in the arctic, Interactive map of coral reefs and mangroves,

World Resources Institute (WRI ) (World Resources Institute 1709 New York Avenue, NW Washington, DC 20006 tel: 202/638-6300 fax: 202/638-0036 general email: ) The World Resources Institute is an independent center for policy research and technical assistance on global environmental and development issues. Created in 1982, WRI is dedicated to helping governments and private organizations of all types cope with environmental, resource, and development challenges of global significance. . All WRI publications are available online and can be searched, browsed, read, and printed on a page-by-page basis through our Cybrary" .

World Wide Fund for Nature, Gland Switzerland . (WWF International Avenue du Mont-Blanc CH-1196, Gland Switzerland Tel: +41 22 364 91 11) WWF is the world's largest and most experienced independent conservation organization, with over 4.7 million supporters and a global network of 24 National Organizations, 5 Associates, and 26 Programme Offices. WWF International, the network's Secretariat, based in Gland, Switzerland, leads the network, develops joint policies and standards, coordinates activities, fosters global partnerships, and provides services to the National Organizations.WWF's mission is to conserve nature and ecological processes. Its ultimate goal is to stop, and eventually reverse, the accelerating degradation of our planet's natural environment, and to help build a future in which humans live in harmony with nature. WWF is known as the World Wildlife Fund in the USA and Canada.

World Wildlife Fund, Washington DC e91 .(WWF-United States 1250 24th Street, NW Washington, DC 20037-1175 Tel: +1 202 293 4800; Contacts: David Olson, Wesley Wettengel) World Wildlife Fund leads worldwide efforts to protect the world's threatened wildlife and the habitats they need to survive. We are different from other conservation organizations because of the major international scope of our programs. World Wildlife Fund is part of the international WWF network, which has national organizations or representatives in more than 50 countries across five continents. We are uniquely positioned to act quickly when conservation emergencies arise, such as the need to save a highly endangered species (see: Tigers) or habit at or to acquire valuable land for a park or protected area. Check out what we are doing to save wildife and wildlands in Africa, Asia, Latin America, and the United States.



AFRICA-EIS African environmental GIS Listserver: ""

California Academy of Sciences Madagascar Project . (Golden Gate Park, San Francisco, CA, 94118-4599 tel:(415) 750-7161 fax:(415) 750-7346 . GIS Contact: Nina Jablonski, tel;750-7163

Geomatics Nigeria Limited . ( Geomatics Nigeria Ltd Plot 7, off DPC Road, Agodi GRA P.O. Box 36528 Dugbe Post Office, Ibadan, Nigeria tel: (02) 810-5586, or (02) 810-5577, fax(02) 810-5623 . , Dr. Festus Akindunni, Chairman and Managing Director) . "a Nigerian environmental management company. The company is developing as a centre of excellence in hydrogeology, tropical forestry, geotechnical engineering and environmental management. It presently has three offices in Nigeria (Lagos, Abuja and Ibadan) and has plans to grow rapidly to other locations in West Africa. " Projects include Vegetation & Land Use Change Analysis, Coastal Management, Forest Resources Study.

KALAHARI CONSERVATION SOCIETY ( Phumulani Glalah, Education Officer Kalahari Conservation Society P.O. Box 859, Gaborone (Plot 112, Independence Avenue) Tel. 267 374 557; fax. 314 259 ) .Botswanan national organization that focuses on community development and environmental education in urban and rural areas. Networks include: Forum for Sustainable Agriculture; Botswana Technology Center; National Conservation Strategey. (This web site provides access to the South African Information Exchange . See their NEWSLETTER at this Univ. Delaware site

The Okavango Wildlife Society ( Okavango Wildlife Society, PO Box 1653, Bromhof 2154, South Africa, Telephone and fax: int+27+11-791-4467 Email: ) "founded in 1964, was originally concerned only with conservation of the Okavango Delta in the north of what is now the Republic of Botswana. Since then the Society's concern has widened to the entire Kalahari Desert including the Delta and the famous Chobe National Park". see: ACTION ALERT: FENCING OF THE OKAVANGO DELTA (By Arthur Albertson) . with Regional Map .

The Wildlife Society of Zimbabwe The Wildlife Society of Zimbabwe PO Box HG996, Highlands Harare Zimbabwe; Tel:.. int+ 263+(4) 74 75 00 or 74 76 48 or 74 76 84; Fax:.. int+ 263+(4) 74 71 74; e-mail: The Wildlife Society of Zimbabwe (a registered welfare organisation, founded in 1927) aims to encourage all Zimbabweans, especially the young, to take an active interest in their wildlife heritage through conservation- oriented educational and research projects, co-operation with Government, local authorities and other local and overseas organisations as well as operating a Wildlife Emergency Fund for times of national emergency.

UK Royal Botanic Gardens Madascar Project, Kew England e94 . (Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Surrey, TW9 3AB, UK. Tel: +44 (0) 181 332 5000 Fax: +44 (0) 181 332 5197 GIS Contacts: Justin Moat, GIS Scientist, Malagasy Plant Biodiversity Project . also . David Du Puy, Research Botanist, Malagasy Plant Biodiversity Project

REGIONS: Arctic/Antarctic

Antarctic Digital Database Project . (c/o Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR) (Scott Polar Research Institute Lensfield Road Cambridge CB2 1ER United Kingdom Tel: +44 1223 362061 or 336550 Fax: +44 1223 336549 E-mail: ) "data are available free of charge for academic, non-profit use. * The data are SCAR copyright. * They are supplied in ArcInfo export format. * Users of the site must register to obtain a User-ID and Password. * There is no charge for registration. * The data supplied are compressed and encrypted using the user's password. "

British Antarctic Survey (BAS) . Antarctic Environmental Data Centre (AEDC ) . ( Mark Thorley AEDC Manager, British Antarctic Survey, High Cross, Madingley Road, Cambridge, CB3 0ET - United Kingdom Telephone: +44 (0)1223 221594 Facsimile: +44 (0)1223 362616 e-mail: . "The AEDC is a 'virtual' data centre providing a gateway to the distributed data holdings of the British Antarctic Survey. It is responsible for ensuring the secure, long term management of BAS data holdings which are individually managed by Principal Investigators and Programme Data Managers."

REGIONS: Asia/Oceania/Australia

Bio-Region Computer Mapping & Research (Bio-Region Computer Mapping & Research Pty Ltd A.C.N. 084 342 334 Phone/Fax 02 62885881 Email 47 Eugenia Street Rivett ACT 261) "BRCM advocates the following four primary roles for environmental Geographic Information Systems : -as a management tool for national environmental organisations, -a national co-ordinating tool to promote and foster data sharing and cooperation, -a tool for regional inventories / audits / environmental monitoring, -to facilitate single site specific studies, capable of being georeferenced to the national map grid. "

Ecological Society of Australia Incorporated (Ecological Society of Australia Inc. PO Box 1564, Canberra ACT 2601, Australia, Ray Wills ( "The Ecological Society of Australia is a professional organization established to promote ecological research and communication." 1997 Conference Topics: Linking science, policy and people, Natural and altered landscapes: disturbance ecology of ecosystems, Identifying key ecological linkages for the sustainability of rural landscapes, Land and water: links and barriers, Complexity in ecosystems: links, landscapes and models., Linking the past with the future: lessons and grand challenges in ecology.

Environment Australia e93. . (Australian Department of Environment and Heritage, John Gorton Building, King Edward Terrace, Parkes ACT 2600 . or . GPO Box 787, CANBERRA, ACT 2601, AUSTRALIA tel:61 2 6274 1111 Fax:61 2 6274 1123- Email: "The goals of the Department are to develop, in the national interest, a proper recognition of environmental, social and related economic values in government decision-making and activities" "The Biodiversity Group is involved in cooperative programs for the conservation and management of native species and ecological systems outside protected areas, including: community-based conservation management programs; Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander involvement in natural and cultural resource management; conserving and managing threatened species and ecological communities, and remnant vegetation; wildlife monitoring and controlling trade in wildlife and wildlife products; environmental education and site interpretation; administering international conservation treaties; coordinating nationally significant conservation projects; research on Australia's environment, plants and animals; documenting Australia's flora and fauna;" . . Online Downloadable Databases .

International Crane Foundation, Baraboo WI c95 . (See under ECP Birds- P.O. Box 447, Baraboo, WI 53913-0447 USA, Tel: 608-356-9462 Fax: 608-356-9465 Contact: Jeb Barzen, email

Malaysia World-Wide Web Virtual Library (provided by Malaysian Timber Council). see: Sea Turtle Research Unit, UPM Terengganu (Malaysia) (Faculty of Applied Science and Technology UNIVERSITI KOLEJ TERENGGANU (UPM Terengganu) 21030 Kuala Terengganu, MALAYSIA) Sea turtle research in Universiti Kolej Terengganu (UPMT) was initiated in 1984, and has since developed into a multi-disciplinary program aimed at studying all aspects of the biology and ecology of sea turtles, threats to their survival, and how they can be managed in order to restore the various species to a stable population level. The vital information resulting from these studies have formed the basis for many important recommendations made by the UKT Sea Turtle Research Unit (SEATRU) to relevant government agencies for the conservation of sea turtles, especially within the state of Terengganu.

Phillippine Association for Intercultural Development . 71 Malakas St., Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines 1101, Tel: (63 2) 928-6267 Fax: (63 2) 927-4580 E-Mail: or Contact: David de Vera, Felicity Smith). "In the course of the almost 30 years of its existence, PAFID has opened many avenues for the advancement of the indigenous peoples' struggle for the recognition of their ancestral domain. The communities we serve or have served were among the earliest ones to have initiated moves to be recognized by government as managers and stewards of their forests and lands, and these early efforts, in conjunction with the valiant efforts of other tribes, have paved the way for the development of institutional programs that have proven useful to other indigenous cultural communities and will hopefully lead to more permanent recognition of native title and indigenous peoples' rights...From the early days, maps of claims have been critical to our work. Foresters and geodetic engineers have worked together in PAFID to come up with community maps. Now, however, because of the urgency of the situation in which tribal lands stand in danger of being overrun by mining claims, development aggression in the form of dams, roads, power projects, tree plantations, and industrial estates, GIS is fast becoming a necessity. For the timely production of accurate boundary maps for delineated ancestral domains, GIS coupled with GPS has the potential for very efficient production that will further boost the effectivity of tribal advocacy. "

Wetlands International - South Asia ( C-571 (1st Flr), Defence Colony New Delhi - 110 024 India, Ph: +91-11-6924266 Fax: +91-11-6924266 e-mail:, Robson Ivan Sr. Programme Officer ) Mission: "To sustain and restore wetlands, their resources and biodiversity for future generations through research, information exchange and conservation activities worldwide." "At present, Wetlands International has 49 country members. The regional operations for Asia/Pacific, Africa/Europe/Middle East, and the Americas have headquarters in Malaysia, The Netherlands and Canada respectively....Wetlands International - Asia Pacific provides services to both commercial and non-commercial organisaitons to facilitate wetland conservation activities and to ensure the implementation of environmentally-sound activities in wetland areas. All funds generated by commercial services are used to subsidise priority conservation activities and to further the aims of the organisation."


REGIONS: Central Asia/Russia

DataPlus, Moscow . (Bolshaya Gruzinskaya Str., 10, Moscow, 123810, Russia; phone (095)254-9335; phone/fax (095)254-8895,, .Russian Language Site) . "The Joint Venture Company Data+ was established over six years ago (13, February, 1992) by the Institute of Geography of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Moscow, Russia), and the Environmental Systems Research Institute, Inc. (Redlands, California, USA). At present DATA+ has 35 full-time and about 30 part-time employees. The leading employees of the Joint Venture are geographers, cartographers and specialists in GIS....Digital maps of different scales in ArcInfo format produced by DATA+, its partners and subdistributors are widely used for creating thematic databases and cadasters. Their complete list is available in Data+. Here it is worth mentioning maps of Moscow (1:35 000) and the Moscow Region (1:500 000), a map of Russia (1:8 000 000), several layers of ArcRussia (1:2 500 000), maps of some areas of Russia (1:200 000) by GlavNIVTS, maps of the cities of Tomsk, Perm, Yekaterinburg, Tyumen, Izhevsk, Gelendzhik, Krasnoyarsk and Taganrog, regional integrated GIS of the Altai Krai, the Sverdlovsk, Moscow and Ryazan Regions, a digital model of Saint Petersburg (Aerogeodezia), several-layer maps of Bashkiria and its capital Ufa."

Fund for 21st Century Altai e97 . (Russia 656015 Barnaul PO Box 845 phone +7(3852)22-0908 ) . We are non-governmental organization, and we work on environmental, cultural and science matters in Altai Krai and the Altai Republic in southwestern Siberia....Our main purpose in using GIS is to provide competent analysis and modeling of natural processes affected by human activity. The lab is currently working or planning to work on several ecological projects: Katun National Park creation proposal, Katun river dam (power station) project opposition, hydrozine fuel pollution, forest analysis...Our most recent highlight is receiving the annual Environmental Award of the Conde Nast Traveler magazine in September 1997.The Fund for 21st Century Altai is one of only a few organizations in Siberia that use computer Geographic Information Systems (GIS) in their activities.

Indira Gandhi Conservation Centre . (Dr S.K.Puri at . "the Indira Gandhi Conservation Monitoring Centre (IGCMC) has been established as a major national facility by WWF-India. The aim of the Centre is to support conservation and sustainable development by providing information to government agencies and NGOs, thereby assisting in the implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity. This goal will be achieved by developing and maintaining databases on India's environment, especially indigenous flora/fauna, habitats of conservation importance including wetlands, national parks and other protected areas, and trade in threatened species of wild flora and fauna."....Application of GIS and RS Techniques: "...It is therefore intended to develop Geographic Information Systems for the protected areas in the country so that the requisite spatial information becomes available to resource managers and planners. Similar work is planned for wetlands, degraded forests and other important ecosystems. Adequate hardware and software facilities are being set up in the Centre to take up the above mentioned activities. Development of GIS databases for ten protected areas (PAs) in the country has already been taken up. These databases will provide useful inputs for effective eco-development and management planning. The selected PAs are: Buxa Tiger Reserve (TR), Nagarahole NP, Gir NP, Great Himalayan NP, Kalakad Mundanthurai TR, Palamau TR, Pench TR, Periyar TR, Ranthambhore TR and Similipal TR. "

Ranthambhore Foundation . (Valmik Thapar, 19 Kautilya Marg, Chanakyapuri, New Delhi 110 021, India. ) "Ranthambhore Tiger Reserve in India's Rajasthan State is world-famous for its spectacular tigers and great natural beauty. Several television films have brought Ranthambhore into the homes of millions all over the world. But Ranthambhore is the epitome of a natural reserve under almost irresistible pressure from surrounding human settlements and activities...."

Slovenian Centre For Cartography Of Fauna And Flora . (ANTOLICICEVA 1,-SI-2204 MIKLAVZ NA DRAVSKEM POLJU, SLOVENIA, Phone:XX-386-62-691-855, Fax: XX-386-62-691-855, email, Contact Mladen.Kotarac) --The Centre was just founded (November 1996) and registered (January 1997). Mapping of the dragonfly (Odonata) fauna in Slovenia Atlas for the Slovenian Dragonfly Society scheduled to appear in May/June 1997. Dragonflies (Odonata): mapped per site (currently point), 1560 localities, 12051 records (90% unpublished field data, 4 %data from collections, 6% data extracted from literature) -Amphibians (Amphibia): mapped per site (currently point), 419 localities, 2117 records (100% field data, literature and collections not extracted yet) -Stoneflies (Plecoptera), Caddisflies (Trichoptera), Butterflies (Lepidoptera): alltogether cca. 15.000 records: mostly not accurately georeferenced, various quality and digital formats (Excel, Access, QuatroPro, Paradox) and some 20.000 in the field notebooks. -Higher plants: 9700 mostly not accurately georeferenced in various digital formats (Excel, Access), and a huge data mountain in the field notebooks of collaborators, the same applies for literature and herbaria). --

Zapovedniks Environmental Education Centre . (Natalia Danilina, the Director of Centre "Zapovedniks", Vice-chair of WCPA/IUCN ) ."The "Zapovedniks" Environmental Education Centre is a public non-profit organization whose overall aim is to improve public awareness of protected areas as a natural heritage in which to take pride, and to help recognize the key role of zapovedniks and national parks in the protection of the Russia nature biodiversity. The "Zapovedniks" Environmental Education Centre unites professionals from Zapovedniks and National Parks to encourage the support of protected areas in Russia. The Centre "Zapovedniks" is a coordinating team initially established to implement the WWF Education Project in Moscow and 30 on-site branches in protected natural areas (PAs) in different regions of Russia which conduct environmental education outreach activities with local residents. The total staff numbers more than 300 people." Don't Miss: "ZAPOVEDNIKS AND NATIONAL PARKS OF RUSSIA" By: N.M.Zabelina, L.S.Isaeva-Petrova, L.V.Kuleshova Sponsored by: Federal Edological Foundation of the Russia Federation Ministry of Agriculture, Nature Management and Fishes, Derectorate for Nature Management, of the Netherlands World Wide Fund for Nature: "The Reference Book contains information about 99 state nature zapovedniks and 33 national parks of Russia. The book is designed for Russian and foreign specialists in nature conservation and zapovednik management, school teachers, teachers and students of ecological faculties of higher school and also a wide range of readers. " BRANCHES includes a clickable map of all russian reserves.



Biodiversity Conservation Information System (BCIS) (John Busby, Programme Manager BCIS c/o WCMC 219 Huntingdon Road Cambridge CB3 0DL United Kingdom Tel. 44 1223 277314 Fax. 44 1223 277136 Email. . Alternate Contact: BCIS Chair, IUCN, Rue Mauverney 28, CH-1196, Gland, Switzerland) "The Biodiversity Conservation Information System (BCIS) is the largest NGO biodiversity information management initiative in history. BCIS is a consortium of nine Members and Programmes of IUCN-The World Conservation Union. The BCIS mission is to support environmentally sound decision-making and actions affecting the status of biodiversity and landscapes at the local, national, regional, and global levels through cooperative provision of data, information, advice, and related services. BCIS consortium members are committed to providing better data for better decisions. " The BCIS Partners include: -BirdLife International, an alliance of leading bird conservation organisations from 80 countries; -Botanic Gardens Conservation International, a network of 450 of the world's botanical gardens in 91 countries; -Conservation International, working in 23 countries on four continents, - International Species Information System, a network of 500 zoos and aquariums from 54 countries, -IUCN Commission on Ecosystem Management, - IUCN Environmental Law Programme, - IUCN Species Survival Commission, -IUCN World Commission on Protected Areas, -The Nature Conservancy, -TRAFFIC International, -Wetlands International, founded from the integration of the Asian Wetland Bureau (AWB), the International Waterfowl and Wetlands Research Bureau (IWRB) and Wetlands for the Americas (WA) -World Conservation Monitoring Centre. . The BCIS Metadatabase : "All members of the BCIS consortium manage data on biodiversity and related topics. Indeed, some manage many hundreds of datasets covering a wide range of issues, disciplines and functions. With such a breadth of data available, it is appropriate to develop criteria for inclusion of metadata records. This is known as a collections policy. The policy for this metadatabase is to include, initially, only the highest level of metadata records, i.e. those which represent datasets at the highest level of aggregation. As an example, the entire bibliographic resource of WCMC is represented by a single record. "

FORUM: Habitat in Developing Countries (c/o BIBLIOTECA TERRITORIO AMBIENTE Facoltà di Architettura - Politecnico di Torino Viale Mattioli 39, 10125 Torino, Italia Tel.: +39 11 5647469 - Fax.: +39 11 5647499 e-mail: ) . "The Forum: habitat in developing countries is an internet resource aimed at providing information to researchers and professionals working for the betterment of the built environment in developing countries, and at facilitating the communication among them. The Forum is a research project of the Library Territorio Ambiente (specialized in planning in developing countries) of the Faculty of Architecture of the Politecnico di Torino, Italy in co-operation with the School of Specialization "Technology , Architecture and Town in Developing Countries". See esp their Links.



REGIONS: Latin America

ANCON (P.O. Box 1387, Panama 1, Republic of Panama Tel. (507) 264-8100, Fax (507) 264-1836 ) "Founded in 1985 by a group of prominent bussinessmen, scientists and community leaders, the National Association for the Conservation of Nature (ANCON) is a private, non-profit organization whose mission is to protect and preserve Panama's natural resources and biodiversity for present and future generations. Since its creation, ANCON has worked closely with public and private organizations, academic institutions, businesses, and local communities. ANCON also has access to the Geographic Information System (GIS) and the Global Positioning System (GPS), which make it possible to locate information about the flora and fauna for the production of maps regarding forest cover, legally protected species, and land use, among others to learn more about ANCON projects that incorporate GIS click on this website."

CONDESAN (CONDESAN (Consortium for the Sustainable Development of the Andean Ecoregion) c/o International Potato Center, Avenida La Universidad 795, La Molina, P.O. Box 1558, Lima 12, Peru . Phone: (51-1) 349-6017 Fax: (51-1) 349-5638 E-mail: Website: Contact: Joshua Posner, Coordinator) (Spanish Language Site) "A diverse and dynamic set of members from the public and private sectors, with a common approach and joining efforts, capacities and resources, that perform joint actions in research, training, development, and propose policy actions to promote the socio-economic progress, towards the equity and welfare of the population in the andean ecoregion. Data on natural resources and social and economic circumstances in the Andean countries is available. "CONDESAN, the Consortium for the Sustainable Development of the Andean Ecoregion, was set up in March 1992 following a meeting of agriculturalists, social scientists and natural resource management specialists at CIP (International Potato Center)...The consortium’s research is focused in four main areas: biodiversity, water and land use, production systems and analysis of development policies...CONDESAN is currently carrying out field research at five benchmark sites, one each in Bolivia, Colombia and Ecuador and two in Peru." GIS Research: Geographic information systems (GIS) technology is contributing to CIP’s research on integrated disease management of late blight. GIS incorporates spatial information on agricultural production, historical data on weather patterns, and data generated by simulation models. The first two maps presented here show (1) Peru’s potato production zones and (2) areas with potential for late blight. The third map (3) combines the data to identify production zones at high risk for late blight damage.



Coral Cay Conservation e94 . m

Wildlife Conservation Society, Gallon Jug, Belize . (Gallon Jug Estate, Belize Central AmericaGIS Contact: Bruce W. Miller Associate Conservation Zoologist email: "We are just back from a week in Chetumal Mexico. As part of the Selva Maya project we have just established BIOMAYA a set of biodiversity databases for Belize, Mexico and Guatemala. Each country, Belize, Guatemala and Mexico will have an in depth database for tracking biodiversity and then all basic distribution information will be shared in the BIOMAYA database for protected area managers etc. to use. It also serves as baseline data for the Selva Maya biodiversity monitoring efforts. "

Belize Center for Environmental Studies . (45 Front Street - Box 150 Punta Gorda, Belize, Central America TEL: 011-501-7-22-111; FAX: 011-501-7-22-111 Belize City TEL: 011-501-2-34-153; FAX: 011-501-2-34-348 ) "non-profit organization developed for the purpose of conserving natural Belizean resources. The BCES is funded by grants from international organizations such as the Nature Conservancy"

Fundacion Moises Bertoni Asuncion Paraguay c96 (en espanol) (Fundación Moisés Bertoni Prócer Carlos Argüello 208 e/Mcal. López y Boggiani Casilla de Correo 714 Asunción Paraguay Sudamérica Teléfonos (595-21) 608740 - 600855 FAX: (595-21) 608741 E-mail: The mission of the foundation is " to work for sustainable social economic development through the conservation of nature and the action of the people." Check the ENGLISH article: The Mbaracayu Forest Reserve . (Executive Director: Ing. Raul Gauto , Street Address: 25 de Mayo #2140 c/22 de Septiembre, Asuncion, Paraguay , Mailing Address: Casilla de Correos 714, Asuncion, Paraguay , Tel: (011-595-21) 444-253, 440-238 Fax: (011-595-21) 440-239 (Ask for tone.) , email: ) OneWorld Magazine presents: Contact Information for story on the Mbaracayu Forest Reserve.


Maquipucuna Foundation (Fundacion Maquipucuna Casilla 17-12-167 Quito, ECUADOR . Telefono: (593 2) 507 200 / 507 202, Fax: 593-2-507-201 e-mail: GIS Contact Eduardo Flores, "Fundacion Maquipucuna, an Ecuadorian non-governmental organization concerned with conservation of biodiversity and sustainable use of natural resources, has recented completed construction of ecotourist and scientific facilities at the Maquipucuna Reserve. They are easily accessed by car, only two hours northwest of Quito on the western slopes of the Andes. Researchers and visitors of all types are encouraged to come to learn, study and experience the tropical forest's diversity." Another article on the reserve .

Jaguar Creek Environmental Center, Target Earth, Belize e99 . (Mile 42 Hummingbird Highway, P.O. Box 446, Belmopan, Belize Central America . tel: (501) 812-034 fax:(501) 812-034 GIS Contact: Marion F. Cayetano, . "Jaguar Creek is an Environmental Research and Education Center located in Belize, Central America. Nearby is the Blue Hole National Park, adjacent to thousands of acres of virgin rain forest that is protected by Target Earth, The Eden Conservancy Program." GIS PLANS: "The grant will be used to develop GIS capability within the Central Watershed region of Belize. The software and skills will be used to collate and analyse data about the central watershed region of Belize. It will be used to carry out work that are of interest to non-governmental organizations, community based organization and planners with interest in this area. "


Centro de Investigacion y Documentacion para el Desarrollo del Beni (CIDDEBENI) e98 . (Casilla 159, Trinidad, Beni, Bolivia, tel:(591) 46-52037 fax:(591) 46-21716 . GIS Contact: Carlos Navia ) . "CIDDEBENI supports the management and sustainable development of indigenous lands in the Region of the Beni. The Beni is located in the northeast part of Bolivia and resides in the Amazon Basin. The objectives of CIDDEBENI are: - Support the definition, recognition, and management of indigenous lands in the Bolivian Amazon. - Support the sustainable development activities via participatory planning with local indigenous communities and municipal governments. - Research activities related to the indigenous peoples of the Amazon in the Beni Region....CIDDEBENI was founded in 1984 by a small group of professionals as a research organization. They studied social aspects of the communities around Trinidad and poor communities. They intended to use this information to help the regional development of the area around Trinidad, Bolivia. In 1986 CIDDEBENI began coordinating and working with indigenous people. The indigenous people started to demand legal land title to their lands. CIDDEBENI helped by doing research and compiling data that would help the indigenous people formulate their land claims. CIDDEBENI now does research on social issues throughout the entire Beni region. CIDDEBENI also provides technical training for indigenous people. People have been trained in land management planning and to be forest and park guards. CIDDEBENI currently staffs 15 people. The GIS unit (UNIGEO) was founded in late 1996 after Carlos Navia, the Director of CIDDEBENI, returned from his studies at University of New York, Syracuse. There he learned GIS, including the use of IDRISI and PC ARC/INFO and realized how much working with digital spatial data would help with the work they do at CIDDEBENI. GIS would make the work easier and more efficient. CIDDEBENI would also be able to perform more complex analyses. UNIGEO has digitized 45 1:100,000 scale IGM-DMA maps of the Beni Department and data for 8 indigenous territories. A few satellite images and aerial photos have also been obtained. The data includes hydrology, roads, trails, timber concessions, lakes, vegetation types, hunting areas, community locations, private lands, and administrative boundaries. CIDDEBENI also maintains social research data that can be linked to communities or areas. UNIGEO has used this data to help indigenous groups define the lands they want to gain legal title to. GIS demonstrations are given to local groups. Beni regional data is often shared with other organizations such as CPTI (Centro de Planificacion Territorial Indigenous) and National Parks. " GIS PLANS: "We will use the grant to expand and upgrade our GIS analysis capabilities and to better organize and manage our growing library of spatial data which covers 21,000,000 hectares. We will do some simulation modeling and overlay analyses to help indigenous groups in the Amazon Basin with sustainable development of their lands....CIDDEBENI will develop, manage, and analyze geographical information to help plan for sustainable use of natural resources on indigenous lands and other areas in the Bolivian Amazon. New forestry and land use laws passed in 1996 allow the legal recognition of indigenous rights to land and natural resources. CIDDEBENI has taken on the role of assisting in the definition, legalization, planning and management of the indigenous territories and their natural resources. Geographic Information Systems are critical in playing this role effectively. In the next years we intend to: -do more GIS demonstrations at municipalities and indigenous territories. -maintain and increase our spatial database related to indigenous lands. -link social research data to spatial coverages. -maintain and increase our spatial database related to oil and timber concessions. -begin mapping agrarian properties- mainly ranching. -collect data at the municipal (similar to county) level for planning. -create simulation models depicting how oil and timber companies might impact the land and forests in the indigenous territories. The Beni department is about 21,000,000 hectares and the indigenous territories cover 1/3 of that. Consequently, all municipal plans and oil and timber activities will effect their lands. Indigenous lands should be considered in any municipal plan. It is our intent to use GIS to help in this planning process and to forsee possible impacts. The indigenous people are very interested in managing their lands for sustainable development. They have a long-term interest in keeping their lands for future generations. GIS will help them to achieve their goals which will have a positive impact on the future of the Bolivian Amazon region. " GIS ACHIEVEMENTS: "- Helped three indigenous groups gain legal land titles for their territories. The indigenous groups are the Tipnis, Tim, and Tis. - Created a management plan for the Tipnis and Tis territories. - Did Forest Inventories and vegetation maps within the Tipnis, Tim, and Tis territories. "

Fundación Amigos de la Naturaleza (F.A.N.) . (Kilometro 7 ½ carretera a Samaipata, casilla postal: 2241, Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Santa Cruz, Bolivia, South America . tel:(591-3) 52-4921 / 53-3389 fax:(591-3) 53-3389 / 32-9692 . GIS Contact: Eric F. Armijo Mendez) . "The private, non-profit environmental organization Fundación Amigos de la Naturaleza - Noel Kempff (F.A.N.), was founded in 1988 in Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia by a group of 17 individuals concerned about the accelerated level of development that threatens the region's extensive tropical ecosystems. The Department of Santa Cruz lies in Bolivia's eastern lowlands, close to the Andean foothills to the west, and extending northeast to the plains of the Amazon River basin and south to the Chaco's scrub forests. Santa Cruz abounds in natural resources, including pristine forests, fertile although fragile soils, minerals, oil, natural gas, and a plentiful supply of water, as well as a staggering variety of plant and animals species. The founders of F.A.N. realized that human migration into the region, exploration and exploitation of the mineral and gas resources, timber extraction, and a rapidly expanding agricultural economy were threatening the future of these resources. F.A.N.'s explicit mission is the conservation of Bolivia's biodiversity through protection and sustainable and equitable use of its natural resources." GIS PLAN: . . F.A.N. has recently entered into the phase of institutional development where GIS has become an indispensable tool.. Since the founding of F.A.N. in 1988 the organization has been actively involved in developing management plans for two national parks (Noel Kempff Mercado and Amboro); all mapping was contracted to another organization that was developing its GIS capacity. Then, the spatial analysis was restricted to visual working with hard copy maps. In-site GIS-related activities started in 1995 with a pilot project to analyze small biological and socioeconomical datasets for Noel Kempff Mercado National Park (NKMNP). Next GIS projects included a Management Plan for NKMNP buffer zone (see attached maps) and the development of a CD-ROM with GIS system for environmental assessment of oil wells. During the latter part of 1998, the Science Department started a long-term project with World Wildlife Fund to develop an action plan for biodiversity conservation of the Southwest Amazon ecoregion. As this project rapidly unfolded during the last three months of 1998, we have become profoundly convinced of the power of GIS as a tool in spatial database creation, management, analysis, data recovery and update, and display for conservation purposes. F.A.N.'s team of conservation biologists, botanists, zoologists, and socio-economists from Bolivia, Germany and the United States identified six sub-ecoregions within the Bolivian Amazon. A 15-minute grid was superimposed over the region, and, using ArcView 3.0, the scientists have ranked each of the squares within the Bolivian sector according to factors such as endemism and species richness in order to identify areas of highest conservation priority. In October a GIS database was assembled, consisting of a multitude of layers as described above (in Section II.1.4). These data arrived in different projections or references (UTM, Lambert, and Geographic) as well as a variety of undefined datums and spheroids and incorrectly assigned UTM zones. Much of the data lacked topology and contained open polygons and other errors. We quickly realized that we could not achieve the necessary compatability and correction of the data with ArcView. At this point we hired a GIS specialist on a short-term contract basis, and one month later, a second person to assist in completing the first phase of the GIS work. Fortunately, two institutions allowed us occasional access to their PC ARC/INFO systems, which we used to project all existing coverages and converted shapefiles to a common projection for display and map output in ArcView; to correct editing errors in a rapid manner and to construct topology. The 15-minute grid was generated in PC ARC/INFO. "


Kechua & Aymara Association for the Conservation of Mother Earth ("ANDES") . (Calle Ruinas 541, Cusco, Peru, Tel/Fax: (51-84) 225284, GIS CONTACT: Alejandro Argumedo Biodiversity Programme ) . "established in 1995 to catalyze the conservation of biological diversity among rural indigenous communities in Peru, Ecuador, and Bolivia. There are ten Kechua and Aymara professionals on contract, each with links to communities across the altiplano and paramo. ANDES has defined its mandate in partnership with these indigenous communities, providing technical support to community-defined biodiversity conservation initiatives....ANDES will work in partnership with local communities toward establishing a community-based park for the conservation of the vicuna habitat in the Pachachaka River watershed, modeling it after similar initiatives in Zimbabwe and Kenya. The principal goal of the program is to foster the repopulation of vicunas, maintaining their genetic pool. However, through conserving the natural pasture areas, re-instituting traditional management practices on communal lands, and developing new mechanisms to conserve the habitat (e.g. access protocols, limited supply-side ecotourism), there will be tangible benefits to the ecosystem at large. Vital to this initiative will be the ability to map the salient components of the ecosystem, past and present, for planning and management purposes....Community elders will have a prominent role in this mapping, laying out former grazing systems and aspects of traditional knowledge no longer prevalent in the communities. By integrating present-day data with historical information, ANDES and its community partners will be able to construct the profiles and projections necessary to create a holistic management plan for the ecosystem. "

Museo de Historia Natural Noel Kempff Mercado, Bolivia e97 . (Universidad Autonoma Gabriel Rene Moreno, Av. Irala 565, Casilla 2489, Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia tel:(591) 3-366574 fax:(591) 3-366574 GIS Contact: Karen Minkowski,, also: Tim Killeen , ) . "The Museo Noel Kempff is one of the most prestigious conservation research institutions in Bolivia and our staff has ongoing research in all of the protected areas currently established in the Department of Santa Cruz. Our collaborative relationship with NGOs and the Bolivian government is strong and they relay on us for almost all the research expertise that they need. The Museo has several programs dedicated to increasing public awareness of the importance of biodiversity conservation and sound resource management. The most conspicuous is our Exhibition Hall where a series of dioramas provide educational materials about biodiversity; with a GIS we will be able to develop better graphics that show species and ecosystems distributions in Bolivia. In 1998, we will develop a display focusing on remotely sensed data, where we will show how deforestation has increased in recent years. We also hope to develop displays that show regional weather and relate that to such well known, but poorly understood, phenomenon such as El Nino." GIS PLANS: "The Museo Noel Kempff has a remote sensing and GIS program that has been developed in collaboration with NASA and the Missouri Botanical Garden. The objective of the programs to conduct original research relating to the conservation of biodiversity and to provide services to institutions charged with the management of biological reserves in Bolivia's National System of Protected Areas. This program was initiated in 1995 with the support of the NASA Landsat Pathfinder - Tropical Deforestation Project (University of Maryland and the Goddard Space Flight Center) and the Department of geography of the University of Leicester (Great Britain). Studies to date have focused on creating vegetation maps based on digital Landsat TM images. " GIS STATUS: "In the year since we received ArcView, we formally trained two scientists (Dr. Tim Killeen and Lic. Ynes Uslar) and three university students in its use and management. Approximately 10 other students spend hours in the GIS lab assisting in research projects and/or conducting their own fifth year project for the University degree and have learned to use ArcView by self-instruction and with input from those already trained. ArcView was an essential tool in the following major projects undertaken by our GIS and Remote Sensing Program: 1) Pantanal studies to support establishment of protected areas: Last year, at the request of the Bolivian government, we participated in feasibility studies that led to establishing two legally protected entities in the Pantanal (Otuquis National Park and San Matias Biological Reserve). The project was financed in part by the National Geographic Society and World Wildlife Fund - Canada. The Museum played a key role by organizing the botanical field evaluation, in which many young biologists participated. Moreover, remote sensing studies conducted in our GIS and Remote Sensing laboratory were instrumental in identifying three key habitats to be included in the protected areas, which had been overlooked in the original proposal submitted by a World Bank consultancy (Chiquitano dry forest; Copernicia palm swamps; and Aboyo xeromorphic savanna). The 1:500 000 map produced for the government, and included as an attachment to this report, combines satellite imagery and ArcView shapefiles 2) An environmental impact assessment of a major proposed pipeline project, April - May 1999: In response to an environmental assessment report that a coalition of organizations in Bolivia and the U.S. deemed wholly inadequate, World Wildlife Fund-Bolivia organized a short-term, intensive study to evaluate the primary and secondary impacts on biodiversity of a pipeline construction project. The pipeline will transect a unique ecosystem in eastern Bolivia, the dry, tropical Chiquitano forest. Dr. Tim Killeen of the Museum authored a substantial portion of the report that was submitted jointly with Fundacion Amigos de la Naturaleza, the Missouri Botanical Garden, Wildlife Conservation Society, and WWF. Enron International of Houston, Texas, the company that will build the pipeline with a Bolivian counterpart, funded the study. Five of the ten maps we produced to accompany the text were created in ArcView (two are included as attachments to this report). The report and negotiations with Enron resulted in a $20 million agreement with the company to finance a trust fund to be used for mitigation and development of conservation programs in the region. 3) A Remote Sensing and GIS Methods course at the Museum of Natural History, April - May, 1998: Dr. Marc Steininger of the University of Maryland and Goddard Space Flight Center and Dr. Tim Killeen of the Museum taught the two-week course that was financed by the NASA Landsat Pathfinder - Tropical Deforestation Project, with sponsorship by the Museum, the University of Maryland, and the American Museum of Natural History, among others. Major topics included characteristics of raster and vector data, data formats, geo-referencing, image classification, a conceptual introduction to GIS, and an introduction to ArcView, which was used for practicing the GIS exercises and for demonstrations. Biologists and computer specialists from Peru (2), Venezuela (2), Ecuador (2), and Bolivia (8) attended. The participants represented, among other institutions, the Fundaci=F3n Instituto Bot=E1nico de Venezuela, Herbario Nacional del Ecuador, Fundaci=F3n Amigos de la Naturaleza (Bolivia), Instituto de Ecologia (Bolivia), and the Museum. 4) Revision of vegetation classes of Amboro National Park: Using a shape file of elevation contours and a 1996 satellite image as background reference in ArcView, Lic. Ynes Uslar revised four quads (approx. 2,000 km2) of the vegetation map of Amboro that had been based upon the field observations and sketches of a former Museum botanist, Gonzalo Navarro. The map which displays the revisions is included as an attachment to this report. 5) Image analysis of shifting sand dunes in Lomas de Arena National Park: Landsat TM satellite images from 1989 and 1996 were used to measure the extent and direction of sand dune movement in this regional park a few miles south of the city of Santa Cruz de la Sierra. A major concern of the study was the impact of the dunes' movements upon the lakes interspersed among the dunes, which are an important tourist attraction and recreation site. Since the 1980's, one large lake has completely disappeared, others have diminished in size, and some have regained their former extent. It is believed that these variations are dynamically related to natural fluctuations in the water table as well as to the movement of the sand dunes. ArcView was used to create the 1:50 000 map, which displays the results of the image analysis. One can see the northwest-southeast orientation of the sand dunes. During the seven years that elapsed between the two images, the dunes shifted between 70 and 100 meters towards the southeast, confirming that they migrate slowly in the direction of the predominant winds. 6) A GIS database of the Museum's plant collection: Sylvia Molina, a University thesis student, initiated a long-term project in ArcView to create a database of the more than 70,000 geo-referenced plant specimens in the Museum's collection. The goal of this project is to refine and clarify the current vegetation classifications for Bolivia and to produce a map of its floristic diversity. " Check out Conservation International's "A Biological Assessment of Parque Nacional Noel Kempff Mercado, Bolivia" , Also Missouri Botanical Garden's Story on Noel Kempff National Park .


Instituto Socioambiental, Brazil e90 . (Av. Higienopolis, 983 Sao Paulo, SP Brazil 01238-001 Telephone: (11)825-5544 Fax: (11)825-7861 GIS Contacts: Sergio Mauro Santos Filho: GIS Analyst, Andre Villas Boas: Anthropologyst, Claudia Teixeira: Forester Engineer) . "is a private non-profit institution, established to propose integrated solutions to social and environmental issues. Its main objective is to defend social goods and rights, both collective and diffuse, relating to the environment, cultural heritage, human rights and the peoples." GIS STATUS: "The initial set up of the laboratory dates back to 1990 and the support resulting from donations from ESRI - Environmental Systems Research Institute (through its Conservation Program), Sun Microsystems Inc, and agreements executed in 1993 with the European Community and Pew Charitable Trust Funds allowed for the maintenance, development and expansion of the laboratory in this last fifteen months, both for equipment and for new additions to and professional enhancement of staff... - Indigenous Lands In Brazilian Amazon: The map "Indigenous Lands in Brazilian Amazon" has been permanently updated, upon each change on the perimeter of the indigenous lands or on theirlegal situation. Several updated copies in 1:4,000,000 scale (pen plotter) or 1:3,600,000 scale (electrostatic plotter) were produced and sent to indigenous organizations, support organizations, partners, media, Congress, etc. ...Information concerning all Conservation Units of the Federal Union were added to the data bank, to wit: National Parks, Biological Reserves, Ecological Reserves, Ecological Stations, Environment Protection Areas, Forest Reserves, Extractivist Reserves and Relevant Ecological Interest Areas, with their different categories and various direct and indirect uses. The Data Bank includes the following information: name of the Conservation Unit, legal establishment history with objectives, municipal area(s) of location. extension and boundaries, overlapping with Indian areas, or with other areas reserved by the Federal government. ....Consulting and technical service works were conducted to support the "Associação de Seringueiros do Alto Juruá" [Association of Rubber-tappers of Alto Juruá], in designing and preparing maps that included a cartographic basis and placements of rubber-tappers in the Extractivist Reserve of Alto Juruá, State of Acre. Based upon data from a field survey conducted on a participation basis, which involved local dwellers and outside researchers, an updated map was prepared. This material was added to the official action filed with theFederal Government for regularization of the Extractivist Reserve. The materialalso supported the field works conducted in the area for economic and ecological zoning, whichare still being done. Those data will be cartographically processed by the GIS Laboratory, as soon as they become available in the future." See: PILOT PROJECT FOR MONITORING AND CONTROLLING THE BORDERS OF XINGU INDIGENOUS PARK (ESRI 1994 Conf. paper, by Sergio Mauro Santos Filho - GIS Analyst, Andre Villas Boas - Anthropologyst, Claudia Teixeira - Forester Engineer, ) "This study was developed to give the indigenous communities inside the Park information about how the colonization occurs, allowing them to foresee immediate and future impacts in the environment inside and outside the Park, as well as in the integrity of its borders. Base maps of official mapping agencies have been scanned, vectorized and edited. Full scene LANDSAT images were kept, georeferenced, visually interpreted and digitized as background images, to map land use. Maps were produced with this information to guide field survey of foresters and land use researchers. Maps were then updated, showing land use around the park, land ownership, the evolution of occupation and the main vectors of occupation. A socio-environmental diagnostics of the area of concern was made, involving aspects relative to the characterization of the natural resources, the manner and processes in which these resources are utilized and the socio-economic and land ownership structure of the region; and forecasts of the regional socio-environmental scene were made, through the evaluation of the principal evolutional tendencies of the occupational processes and of resource utilization, with a special focus on the implications of these processes on Xingu Park. " see also: "Government creates conservation areas, but does not publish their decrees" from their excellent online newsletter .

INPA Laboratorio de Geo Info Sistemas - GISLab, (Al. Cosme Ferreira, 1756 69083-000 Manaus AM Brasil, tel 092 643-3153, fax 092 643-3155, Dr. Antonio Donato Nobre, email:

Fundacao Vitoria Amazonica, Brazil, e97 . ( CONJ. MORADA DO SOL, CEP 69.080.510, MANAUS AM - BRASIL . Phone: 55-92-6421336 55-92-6422803 Fax: 55-92-2363257 Director, Muriel Saragoussi, GIS Contact, Andrew Murchie, for online news, see World Wildlife Fund Jaú National Park Project . For their recent GIS work, see the University of Florida Center for Latin American Studies 48th Conference Paper Title: Mapeamento Participativo: Realidade ou Ficção? A experiência do Parque Nacional do Jaú : ("Presenter: Muriel Saragoussi Co-authors: Saragoussi, M., M. R. Pinheiro, A. W. Murchie, S. H. Borges ) "This paper describes an initiative for participatory mapping of natural resource use by communities at the Jaú National Park between 1995 and 1998. The initiative was headed by Fundação Vitória Amazônica, an NGO from the Brazilian state of Amazonas. Researchers with social and biological science expertise, practitioners from several governmental and non-governmental institutions and community agents participated in the mapping, which was based on conflict resolution and research-action. A main result was participatory and consensual zoning of the Park. The methodology included use of an array of tools from simple paper and pencil to GIS. The initiative resulted in greater knowledge for all stakeholders, allowing a better understanding of the human, bio-physical, and political contexts related to the creation of a national park. This paper presents the methodological process leading to consensual definition as well as the main questions presented at this stage, which require further investigation."

REGIONS: North America

Ecotrust Canada, ct98. . (Ecotrust Canada Mapping Office, Second Floor, 1216 Broad Street, Victoria, B.C. V8W 2A5 tel:(250) 480-1854 fax:(250) 480-1375 E-mail: . GIS Contact: David Carruthers, Ecotrust Canada is a private, non-profit organization developing creative and innovative approaches to conservation-based development in the coastal temperate rain forests of British Columbia. We are sharing our knowledge and data through Geographic Information Systems training programs with First Nations and other community groups. In order to reduce duplication, to avoid the inherent problems of working in isolation, and to create synergy among First Nations GIS departments, Ecotrust Canada is partnering with various First Nations communities to lay the foundation for a First Nations GIS network." GIS STATUS: "Last year, we joined together with the Gitxsan and Ahousaht First Nations and launched the "Aboriginal Mapping Network (AMN)" (see The idea here was to help create some synergies and cross-fertilization between groups involved in aboriginal mapping. There are currently 52 First Nations involved in treaty negotiations in the province, all of which are legally required to undertake mapping of their traditional territories, with little support for them to do so - until now. The AMN is emerging as a central forum where groups can share ideas and exchange information to avoid duplication and to help each other build local capacity in aboriginal mapping. The AMN is B.C. focused, but is not limited to this geographic area (we have a member in Australia). "

Atlantic Canada Conservation Data Centre, Canada c99 . (P.O. Box 6416 (17 Waterfowl Lane) Sackville, New Brunswick, E4L 1G6 CANADA tel:(506) 364-5092 fax:(506) 364-5062 , Rob Rainer, Executive Director . GIS Contact: Stefen H. Gerriets, . "The AC CDC exists to efficiently provide information and expertise on species at risk and natural communities in Atlantic Canada, in support of decision-making, research and education. In support of this mission are three principal goals: 1) to build a dynamic, accurate, and comprehensive database on the distribution, character, and conservation status of species at risk and natural communities in Atlantic Canada; 2) to build relationships with organizations, agencies, and individuals who will significantly use the AC CDC's information and services; and 3) to make the data and other information managed by the AC CDC readily available to clients, at no or low cost. " GIS ACHIEVEMENTS: "To date, we have created a number of demonstration products to demonstrate the materials we can offer to data users. One concerned the 1996 census of the Piping Plover (Charadrius melodus), a species threatened by human activities on sandy beaches. This data was presented (1) on a local scale with numerous sites; (2) on an Atlantic Canada scale, showing a large portion of sites no longer occupied; (3) and on a continental scale, which demonstrated that the majority of sites of this 'shorebird' lie in the heart of North America, and that many sites have been lost to disturbance. Another product portrayed the distribution of the Wood Turtle (Clemmys insculpta), which is at-risk to collection by pet brokers. The turtle data was 'blurred' to densities of sightings per tertiary watershed, to demonstrate how sensitive data may nonetheless be communicated, and also how this species spans two provincial jurisdictions (Nova Scotia and New Brunswick). Over the last six months, we have been closely involved with the New Brunswick Museum and New Brunswick's leading botanist, who is located at the University of New Brunswick. Initially, we consulted with university staff regarding GIS and database software purchases, and about numerous details of data formulation. Then, large quantities of museum data (some 70,000 lines) were processed by us into a form that could be used by the botanist in a new edition of his authoritative book, Flora of New Brunswick. (Reference: H.R. Hinds, UNB, Fredericton NB. 506-453-4583; We have also collaborated with two herpetological experts, one in Nova Scotia, the other at the New Brunswick Museum. The aim was to create a comprehensive and up-to-date database of Wood Turtle (Clemmys insculpta) sightings in the two adjoining provinces. The New Brunswick data is now complete. Two publications have resulted from the work: an academic poster, and a journal article (in progress), with the AC CDC contributing databasing, georeference checks, and presentation maps. " See their GIS projects "The tracking list represents those taxa for which the AC CDC will be compiling element occurrence information—precisely georeferenced information about where populations of each rare species occur in the province and the viability of the population at each site. "


British Colombia Conservation Mapping Consortium, Canada e97 . (GIS Contact, Tim Wilson . in 1999 BCCMC's work and grants were devolved into 4 partner organizations: Earthlife Canada Foundation, The Gowgaii Institute, Silva Forest Foundation, Sierra Club of BC)

BC Wild e95 . (Box 2241, Main PO Vancouver, BC V6B 1H2 . tel:(604) 669-4802 fax:(604) 669-6833 . Tim Wilson Mapping Director, ) "BC Wild is dedicated to healthy environments, economies and communities that can be sustained in the long term, with primary focus on wilderness protection and sustainable forest practices. Our method for achieving these goals includes providing resources to grassroots organizations and individuals in the conservation sector in the form of relevant, credible research and skills development opportunities....Through its mapping program, BC Wild provided conservation groups with satellite images of areas under negotiation in Commission on Resources and Environment processes. Other mapping projects have identified the gaps between what is already protected and what is needed to conserve representative samples of the province's diverse ecosystems. Assessing the boundaries of proposed protected areas is also an important function of BC Wild's mapping program." Don't Miss: A Conservation Vision Map of Southwestern British Columbia .

Canadian Parks & Wilderness Society, Yukon Chapter . c98 . ( P.O. Box 31095, Whitehorse, Yukon, Y1A 5P7 Tel:(867) 393-8080 Fax:(867) 393-8081 . GIS Contact: Juri Peepre, Chair ) "The Yukon Chapter of the Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society is part of a national organization dedicated to protecting wilderness and conserving wild ecosystems. The national organization was established in the 1960s and is the main grass-roots voice in Canada dedicated to the creation of parks and protected areas as well as the maintenance of ecological integrity in these protected areas. The Yukon Chapter was started in 1991 to advocate the completion of a network of Yukon protected areas. In 1993, we formed the Yukon Wildlands Project, a co-operating partner of the Wildlands Project, based in Tucson Arizona. " GIS PLANS: "1. Complete an ecosystem analysis of the Peel River Watershed to produce a science-informed protected areas plan. Use the existing data to produce GIS-based maps that will help assess and present the information to a wide audience. 2. Prepare a GIS-based landscape analysis and protected areas plan for the southeast Yukon, informed by the previous work we have done in the region. 3. Prepare a GIS-based map of all known candidate protected areas in the Yukon to help inform the Protected Areas Strategy now underway in the territory. Convert our text-based inventory of ecological reserve candidates to a GIS-based map. Overlay the map with mineral occurences, forest cover and other values. Carry out an analysis at a territory-wide scale. 4. Develop the capacity to carry out future analysis and mapping of protected areas in the Yukon using a GIS system. Once the Protected Areas Strategy is completed in the spring of 1998, much of the implementation work will be done at a regional scale. For this reason, a GIS system will greatly enhance our capacity to work with local communities and First Nations. 5. Develop the capacity to prepare resource analysis and conservation proposals for the northern part of the Yellowstone to Yukon Conservation Initiative. " GIS STATUS: "We had no problems getting the grant set up and so far it is working wonderfully. I'm having a lot of fun with it, learning lots, and we are starting get results to include in reports, put up at poster sessions, etc. Our focus to date has been on producing a map of potential and existing protected areas in the Yukon, as well as analyzing forestry data for specific potential protected areas. I would say that the biggest obstacle has been a lack of data. A lot of data does not exist as of yet for the Yukon. Other data is hard to obtain- government agencies are reluctant to provide it to us or simply don't have the time. I'm finding that searching for data on the internet is very time consuming and often data for our neck of the woods is not available. Figuring out how to convert data to a usable form in ArcView has also been a challenge. In fact, one of my suggestions for future beginner's training sessions would be to cover this aspect (i.e. data conversion and formats) a bit more. All in all, however, we are very pleased with the amount of work we've been able to do since October and the resulting products. "


Environment Committee of Ottawa South, Canada e99 . (136 Glen Avenue, Ottawa K1S 3A2, Ontario, Canada . tel:(613) 730-1754 fax:(613) 730-0970 GIS Contact: Peter Hall, Mike Lascelles ) "ECOS has designed and is spearheading a Millennium Project aimed at developing a long-term rehabilitation and restoration of the Rideau River system. The title of the project is Muskies, Frogs and Mayflies -- Restoring the Rideau River for the Coming Millennium. Our partners in this Millennium project include the Canadian Federal Government, the Ontario Provincial Government, our local Municipalities and numerous other Community and Environmental groups. The project is an inclusive, grass-roots undertaking which aims to involve thousands of local citizens in hands-on projects to improve the biodiversity, habitats and water-quality of the river." GIS STATUS: " We are presently working with Professor Dan Patterson on data including City of Ottawa, Regional Municipality, and the Canadian Museum of Nature (biodiversity) inventories which these organizations have given to ECOS at no charge and Dan and his students have given us 100s of hours of professional help as volunteers." Don't miss their Locality Maps .


Galiano Conservancy Association, Canada e98 c99 . (RR#1, 1122 Porlier Pass Road, Galiano Island, V0N 1P0 British Columbia tel:(250) 539-2424 fax:(250) 539-2424 GIS Contact: Ken Millard ) " The Galiano Conservancy Association was founded in 1989 as one of British Columbia's first community-based conservation land trusts. The Conservancy embodies the long-standing conservation concerns of this rural forested island community. With a focus on education and building a sustainable relationship between the island's human and natural environment, the Conservancy pursues its goals through a volunteer Board of Directors and a diverse community-based membership of approximately 300 people." GIS PROGRESS: "Recognizing its effectiveness as a tool to store, analyze and portray geographical information for conservation-based planning, the Galiano Conservancy has established a GIS facility on Galiano Island. In 1997 the Conservancy undertook the Ecosystem Mapping Project, with goals to: · establish a comprehensive geographic database by drawing together information from diverse sources within government, and adding to it new data based on local knowledge, field work and aerial photo interpretation; · create island expertise in geographic analysis to produce resource maps, engage public participation in resource planning, and facilitate more productive cooperation with government; and · provide to the community the necessary support for innovation in conservation-based development. ... By the design and creation of a Galiano GIS database, Meg Holden (212-777-9129), then a geography graduate student at Rutgers University (presently a Ph.D. student at the New School), has helped bring the project from an idea into a functioning reality. Through partnerships with federal, provincial, regional and local governments, a remarkable range of geographic data is now the subject of critical analysis and assessment. In particular, there has been a cooperative sharing of information with the Islands Trust, our local government responsible for land use. The Conservancy's most effective display of geographic information has been using a aerial photo mosaic as a base map for overlays. At a scale of 1:10,000 it produces a map 2'x 9' for Galiano Island. "

Long Point Bird Observatory, Canada e97 . (Long Point Bird Observatory, P.O. Box 160, Port Rowan, Ontario N0E 1M0 Tel: 519-586-3531 x 216 Fax: 519-586-3532 GIS Contact: Andrew Couturier , Louise Heyming ) "Founded in 1960, Long Point Bird Observatory was the first organization of its type in North America. LPBO staff and volunteers undertake and publish research directed at the conservation of wild birds and their habitats...The Long Point Bird Observatory is currently studying the complex relationship between forest birds and landscape patterns and forest composition. The goal is to develop a predictive model to demonstrate how individual bird species will respond to various forest management practices....We plan on using multivariate analysis to define the relationships among environmental variables (moisture regime, soils, elevation, distance to edge, patch size, basal area, canopy cover etc.) and between environmental variables and nest locations for each bird species. These environmental variables are available in several different layers in a mix of raster and vector formats that will need to be processed simultaneously to carry out analyses such as principal component analysis or canonical correlation analysis."

Nova Scotia Nature Trust , Canada, ct99 . (Suite 217, The Roy Building, 1657 Barrington Street, PO Box 2202, Halifax, Nova Scotia, B3J 3C4 N/A Canada tel:(902) 425-5263 fax:(902) 429-5263 GIS contact: Bonnie Sutherland ) "The Nova Scotia Nature Trust is a community-based conservation charity committed to preserving ecologically significant natural areas throughout the province. The Trust was created in 1994 and since that time has been active in formally protecting land for conservation through property acquisition and management, and through the use of conservation easements....With over 75% of the land in private ownership, and many of the most ecologically significant and highly threatened sites located on these private lands, the role of private land conservation is evident. To date, however, government conservation efforts, including GIS efforts, have focused on Crown lands. The provincial government does recognize the critical need for effective private land conservation, and the critical role of non-government efforts. " GIS PLAN: "Over the coming year, the Nature Trust's main GIS focus will be consolidating and integrating several provincial databases into layers which can be superimposed to produce maps showing the location and ownership of significant conservation properties using specific pre-determined criteria. Our second focus will be to add our own data on our protected sites through digitization and to create map layers of this information. We will cooperate with our mentors and supporters (the Nature Conservancy, Atlantic Conservation Data Centre and Department of Environment) to create these layers for our system. Finally, as we build our knowledge and experience base over the longer term, we will move towards developing the capacity to use GIS to create our own custom baseline documentation and monitoring maps for protected properties. "


Ocean Voice International, Canada e99 . (Box 37026, Ottawa, ON K1V 0W0, Canada tel:(613) 264-8986 fax:(613) 264-9204 . GIS Contact: Don McAllister ) "Ocean Voice International is a modest-sized Canadian marine environmental organization which started in 1987. Our goal is to conserve marine biodiversity, foster sustainable use of marine biological resources and help small-scale fishers and communities in developing countries, as well as in Canada. We work through education, training, research, field projects and through partnerships with like-minded organizations. " ACHIEVEMENTS: "Educated fisherfolks in the Philippines about coral reefs, taught them sustainable alternatives to the use of cyanide to collect marine aquarium fishes. For the IUCN developed a database of over 1000 coral reef fish species, using simple GIS methods and an equal-area grid we developed, carried out analyses to locate the global areas richest in species - species hotspots. Shared the information with other organizations and countries to help in selecting the best marine parks. Advised the Climate Convention of effects of climate change on these species-rich areas. " GIS PLAN: "Three biologists will gather data on the geographic areas exposed to trawling gear. As the data is gathered it will be input into ArcView, the areas trawled computed, and the significance evaluated. That data will be provided to World Resources Institute for a special report for the year 2000 on status of the world's ecosystems. Additional data will be added after June, analyzed and shared by the three partners, WRI, the Marine Biological Conservation Institute and ourselves. This will be used to inform several audiences about the extent and environmental significance of trawling. " Dont Miss the new: Status of the World Ocean and its Biodiversity .


Raincoast Conservation Society, Canada e95 . (Victoria Office: PO Box 8663, Victoria, BC V8W 3S2 Canada . phone: 250-655-1229 fax: 250-655-1339 . GIS Contact: Baden Cross, #400 2341 Harbour Rd. Sidney, B.C. Canada V8L 3X8 . tel:1-250-812-4761 ) see their MAPS page . "Founded in 1990, the Raincoast Conservation Society is a non-profit research and public education organization dedicated to the protection of the Great Bear Rainforest. The intact primary watersheds of this coastal region of British Columbia constitute one of the planet's rarest forest types and represent the largest portion of ancient temperate rainforest remaining on earth. " . GIS STATUS: "Since 1995 our GIS grant has been used extensively in the conservation work of the RCS in the coastal temperate rainforests along the central mainland coast of British Columbia. These ancient old growth forests are being subjected to widespread industrial logging (clearcutting)and are rapidly disappearing. Along with public advocacy, local and international slide shows, films, press conferences and media publications, the GIS software has been instrumental in bringing the issue to the general public, concerned governmental bodies as well as the scientific community. When we began our conservation work in 1992, the status of the temperate rainforests on the central coast of BC was basically unknown outside of resource extraction interests. Government and industry are intent in converting all remaining ancient old growth forests in this region to managed, even-aged, single species tree farms within a time frame of 20 to 30 years. Despite some small areas that have been set aside, the loss of these climax forests is accompanied by a tremendous loss of biodiversity including many red and blue listed, endangered species such as the Grizzly Bear, Marbled Murrelet and Pacific Giant Salamander to name but a few. Core reserve areas, buffer zones and connecting corridors of large enough size must be set aside to ensure the continued survival of these globally rare forests and their inherent biodiversity. ArcInfo GIS software has given the Raincoast Conservation Society the means to put the central coast on the map so to speak.. We have produced some 18 plotmaps through Arcplot as well as 7 ArcView projects which provide graphics and critical information that is helping to define an overall wilderness reserve proposal for the forests of the central coast of BC. This mapping information has been used by major environmental organizations such as Greenpeace, The Sierra Club and Western Canada Wilderness Committee as well as many smaller local groups such as The Ingram-Mooto Lakes Project ( indigenous peoples), Forest Action Network and Round River Conservation Studies, in their campaigns to bring both local and international attention to the rapid decline of the temperate rainforests of coastal British Columbia. A Conservation Mapping Project for the Canadian Raincoast: The Raincoast Conservation Society (RCS) is working to establish protected wilderness areas on the mainland coast of British Columbia. Known as the Canadian Raincoast, this vast stretch of wilderness contains a major portion of all remaining temperate rainforests in the world. The project is the result of more than six years of exploration, documentation and research by the members of the Raincoast Conservation Society. Two major wilderness regions covering roughly 3 million hectares of the Canadian Raincoast and one smaller region in the Knight Inlet area have been defined by the RCS. Tentatively called the Greater Ecstall Wilderness, the Great Bear Rainforest, and Knight Inlet Wilderness Area, these three systems in conjunction with the Randy Stoltmann Wilderness Area to the south, contain the majority of the remaining intact temperate rainforest enclaves on the mainland coast of British Columbia. The basic biological information gathered over the past 6 years is centered around these three ecosystems and is being assimilated in a GIS mapping and database format. It is intended that the results of this project will be incorporated in a reserve design process to determine what areas must be strictly protected, where corridors should be, what are compatible uses in buffer zones based on the concepts of The Wildlands Project for the North American continent..... "


Rocky Mountain Ecosystem Coalition, e94 c98 . (Suite 203, 1225A, Kensington Road NW., Calgary, Alberta, Canada. T2N 3P8 Telephone: 403-270-3455 GIS Contact, Mike Sawyer, ) . "mandate is to promote the principles of ecosystem management and the conservation of ecological integrity and biodiversity in the Canadian Rockies, an area of over 120,000 square miles straddling the continental divide in British Columbia and Alberta. RMEC is pursuing its mandate through advocacy, an aggressive litigation strategy, public education and applied research." GIS STATUS: "RMEC used the first GIS grant in support of its' and other grass-roots conservation organizations' conservation initiatives. To date, RMEC's application of GIS technology has focused on landscape scale human disturbance in the Rocky Mountains and Boreal Forests of western Canada. Past projects have included watershed assessments, regional cumulative effects assessments on the study areas of up to 600,000 km2 in size, and habitat assessments for disturbance sensitive species. Past projects have focused on priority landscapes of high conservation values where ecological integrity is threatened by the exploitative activities of the petroleum, forestry, mining and agricultural industries. The results of these analysis are often employed in regulatory hearings, litigation and public education relating to RMEC's conservation objectives. " Their Ecosystem Science and Conservation page links to a lot of excellent Conservation GIS work, including the papers (see relevant papers section for more): British Columbia's Level 1 Interior Watershed Assessment Procedure as a Tool for Monitoring Potential Impacts of Development on Aquatic Ecosystems in Canada's Rocky Mountains. . . Stream Crossing Density as a Predictor of Watershed Impacts (ESRI 1997 Conf Paper) . . . . Cumulative Effect Assessment On Alberta's Southern Eastern Slopes . Don't miss their articles: How Roads Kill Streams by David Mayhood, and The Road to Extinction by Mike Sawyer . see also: SEARCH .


Scholarly papers and ESRI Conference Proceedings

(Legend: ESRI User Conference Papers list the title, then in parentheses "paper" or "abstract" plus the year. Other web-located papers list title, author if known, and excerpt.)

Cumulative Effect Assessment On Alberta's Southern Eastern Slopes (by Michael Sawyer, Project Manager & Landscape Ecologist, Hayduke and Associates Ltd. Calgary Alberta. Role: Project Management; Watershed Assessment; Grizzly bear, wolves and elk cumulative effects assessment. Dave Mayhood, Aquatic Ecologist, Freshwater Research Ltd. Calgary, Alberta. Role: Watershed Assessment & Fish Dr. Paul Paquet, Wildlife Biologist, John Paul & Associates. Meecham, Sask. Role: Grizzly bear, wolves and elk cumulative effects assessment. Cliff Wallis, Botanist, Cottonwood Consultants Ltd. Calgary, Alberta. Role: Rare plant assessment. Dr. Richard Thomas, Ornithologist, Edmonton, Alberta. Role: Cumulative effects on birds & forest fragmentation. Bill Haskins, Ecologist, The Ecology Center Inc. Missoula, Mt. Role: GIS analysis.) "This Project is intended as a geographic information system (GIS) based reconnaissance level cumulative effect assessment with the intent of providing results of immediate management utility, quickly and cheaply. It quantitatively documents and analyses land-use in a 4500 km2 study area on Alberta's Southern Eastern Slopes region. The analysis is intended to be applicable to management of extractive resources, recreation, and off-road vehicle use. It is also intended to contribute in a positive and constructive manner to debate about future directions in public policy and land-use management on Alberta's Southern East Slopes."

British Columbia's Level 1 Interior Watershed Assessment Procedure as a Tool for Monitoring Potential Impacts of Development on Aquatic Ecosystems in Canada's Rocky Mountains. (by David W. Mayhood[1], Michael D. Sawyer[2] and William Haskins[3]. Paper presented to the Science and Management of Protected Areas Association (SAMPA III) Conference, Calgary, AB, 12-16 May 1997. Accepted for publication in the Proceedings. Contact; Mike Sawyer, Rocky Mountain Ecosystem Coalition, 921, 610 - 8th Avenue SW, Calgary AB Canada T2P 1G5 ph: (403)266-2468, fax: (403) 265-2467, email: ) "The British Columbia Forest Service and BC Environment recently developed standard procedures for assessing the type and extent of water-related problems induced by forestry operations in watersheds. We applied the Level 1 Interior Watershed Assessment Procedure to existing digital geographic data as a quick method to screen 90 watersheds (fourth order or higher) for potential damage to watercourses from industrial and urban development in the southern east slopes of the Rocky Mountains in Alberta. Presently 28 of these watersheds show very high potential for increased peak flows and surface erosion from these activities; another 59 show moderate potential for such damage. Only 3 of the watersheds are undeveloped and show low potential for damage. We illustrate how the procedure can be used to evaluate some potential effects of development proposals, and suggest certain changes and additions to make the procedure more widely applicable to assessing potential impacts from a variety of land uses. "


A Participatory GIS for Community Forestry User Groups in Nepal: Putting People Before the Technology (Mountain Forum: Gavin Jordan Department of Agriculture & Forestry Newton Rigg College, University of Central Lancashire Penrith, Carlisle, CA11 1OH Bhuban Shrestha People and Resource Dynamics Project International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, Kathmandu, Nepal ) "There is an increasing interest in the use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) in a participatory context, with this development either causing alarm or being seen as providing a potentially valuable tool. The key reasons behind this have already been given in issue 33 of PLA notes (Abbot et al., 1998). This article explores some of the benefits and concerns of using GIS as a participatory tool, using a case study to provide real-life context. It is mainly concerned with key issues that have been identified during the work."

AERIAL PHOTOGRAPHS AND ‘PHOTO-MAPS’ FOR COMMUNITY FORESTRY (Mountain Forum: Richard Mather, Martin de Boer, Meena Gurung and Nick Roche ) "The main purpose of the work reported is the field-evaluation of large-scale aerial photographs (1:1,250 and 1:2,500 scale) as non-literate aids for supporting participatory work by Forest User Groups (FUGs) and for participatory mapping of community forests in Nepal. Aerial photographs used in conjunction with a Geographical Information System (GIS) were also tested as a possible alternative to current chain-and-compass practices for surveying community forests."

Application of Geographical Information Systems-GIS in Characterization and Plan Management for the Nature Reserves of the Civil Society in Colombia (1997 ESRI paper: Olga Cardenas Fundacion Herencia Verde Cali Valle Columbia Organ Calle 4 Oeste #3A-32 El Panon, COLOMBIA Telephone: 57-92-8808484 Fax: 57-92-881-3257 E-mail: .Defining Issue: There exists the necessity to consolidate the efforts of conservation and sustainable use of natural resources in different regions of the country through the potentialization of social and environmental services offered by the nature reserves. For this purpose it is essential to know the biotic and physical aspects as well as the social strengths and weaknesses that are involved in order to make decisions at the local, regional, and national level. GIS Solution: On the basis of the data obtained by GIS analysis, we pretend to know the existing ecosystems in order to arrange a management plan that involves not only the owners of the reserves but also the neighbors, the state, and the civil society as responsible for the sustainable management and peace factors.

ArcInfo for the Integrated Evaluation of Ecosystem Components and Resources within the Bikin River Watershed (1995 ESRI Conf. Abstract, Sergei M. Krasnopeyev, Vladimir N. Bocharnikov, Anatoly V. Vertel) The Bikin is the only large scale watershed, which is included in a list of UN World Heritage sites, that has not undergone extensive anthropogenic impact. The Middle and Upper Bikin are also part of the traditional homelands of three indigenous peoples: Udege, Nanai and Oroch. ...

Biodiversity Conservation in Latin America and the Caribbean Using Appropriate Spatial Information Technologies . (1997 ESRI paper: Andrea Cristofani The Nature Conservancy 1815 N Lynn St Arlington, VA 22209 Telephone: 703-841-4214 Fax: 703-841-2722 E-mail: .Defining Issue: Development of spatial information technologies in international nonprofit conservation organizations can be hindered by the limited resources and technical expertise. For useful results directly applicable to our conservation priorities we must develop ways in which we can unite forces to access appropriate levels of technology.

ECONOMICS OF EIS (By Mr. Svein Tveitdal, Director GRID-Arendal, Longum Park, P.O. Box 1602 MYRENE, N-4801, Arendal, Norway. TEL: +47-370-35500 FAX: +47-370-35050 E-mail "..GIS/EIS is expected to play a key role in the development of resource management and environmental protection in developing countries in the 1990s....If GIS is introduced solely as a production tool, in most cases benefit/cost ratios of about 1:1 have been found....Higher beneficial effects (b/c 2:1) have been achieved where GIS has been also used for internal planning and administration. "

An Ecoregional Conservation Strategy for Latin America and the Caribbean . (1997 ESRI paper: Roger Sayre The Nature Conservancy 1815 N Lynn St Arlington, VA 22209 Telephone: 703-841-4211 Fax: 703-841-2722 E-mail: . Two recent biodiversity priority setting initiatives undertaken by The World Bank and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) have emphasized the delineation of ecoregions for Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC), and an assignment of biodiversity importance values to these ecoregions. A total of 191 terrestrial ecoregions resulted from these two parallel initiatives. The World Bank and USAID are now using these ecoregion priority assessments to help determine project placements and conservation allocations. The Nature Conservancy (TNC) has formulated a strategy for biodiversity conservation in LAC, which reorganizes these ecoregions into a set of 41 ecoregional conservation units. This simplification of the ecoregional classification hierarchy permits the design of portfolios of sites that collectively capture the representative habitat diversity throughout the region. A network of 61 protected areas in LAC (the Parks-in-Peril program, a joint TNC/USAID initiative) is assessed for its contribution to the protection of these ecoregional conservation units. A bias toward protection of tropical moist broadleaf forests is documented; other environments (xeric, subtropical coniferous) are found to be substantially under represented.

Ecotourism: Direct Road to Ruin by Dr. Olin B. Rhodes, Jr., Assistant Professor of wildlife ecology at Purdue University . Russian Conservation News Service Issue #17). "I write these words having just spent four days within Denezhkin Kamen, a Zapovednik located deep in the Ural mountains. I am fortunate to have experienced this adventure and to have worked with the Zapovednik staff over the past two years from my position as an Assistant Professor of wildlife ecology at Purdue University. Our work together has focused on the scientific aspects of the Zapovednik system, encompassing both nature protection and long-term ecological monitoring. The goal of our collaboration and that of the symposium we have just held with a subset of the Ural mountains Zapovedniks is to use modern technologies, such as GIS, to enhance the abilities of the preserve personnel to collaborate with one another, as well as with western scientists. We recognize that there are many challenges ahead for the Zapovednik system, in light of the economic and political changes that are now occurring in Russia, and our strategy is to help the preserves to survive without altering their basic mission and unique status in the global environmental scheme. Russian Zapovedniks, despite their turbu lent history, represent a rather unique opportunity for the global environmental community to invest in true preservation of natural territories and a chance for long-term ecological research to exist within the framework of large, set aside areas rather than within the matrix of a human dominated landscape."

Geographic Information Systems in Sustainable Development (by the Geographic Information Systems Group, Environment and Natural Resources Service (SDRN), FAO Research, Extension and Training Division) "Most sustainable development decisions are inherently multidisciplinary or cross-sectoral, because they require trade-offs between conflicting goals of different sectors. However, most natural resource development agencies are single-sector oriented. Geographic Information System (GIS) technology can help establish cross-sectoral communication - by providing not only very powerful tools for storage and analysis of multisectoral spatial and statistical data, but also by integrating databases of different sectors in the same format, structure and map projection in the GIS system....

(IUCN Commission on Parks and Protected Areas (WCPA) & Australian Nature Conservation Agency (ANCA), "There is a clear message from the above that investment in protected areas can provide a significant benefit to national and local economies. Far from being locked up and lost to local users, these areas represent an opportunity for sustainable industries and for the generation of financial returns. With proper management, the product on offer can be sold over and over again without diminishing its value. Unlike extractive industries, the string of returns can be maintained over a long period for the benefit of a wide range of users and stakeholders."

RUSSIAN PRESERVES THREATENED: (Greenlines News Service Issue 614, Defenders of Wildlife, Tuesday, April 28, 1998. Call (505) 277-8302 or e-mail ) "Environmental News Network reported last week scientists from Purdue University are working with Russian officials to protect 100-year-old Russian nature preserves from development. The 74 million acres of "zapovedniks" -- thought to be the only completely undeveloped inhabitable places in the world -- are unique in that since 1905, no human activity has been allowed inside them except scientific research. Purdue is working with the Russians to develop a GIS database for ecological research, but "[t]he only way we can save these preserves is to bring in western scientists and western money," said Purdue ecologist Gene Rhodes. "Without that, the Russian government will no doubt succumb to economic and social pressures and allow the preserves to be developed."

SIEZCHA: Information System for the Determination of Critical Areas of Management in the "Chingaza" Natural National Park . (1997 ESRI paper: German Bravo Cordoba Universidad de Los Andes Cra 1 Este #18-A 70 Santafe de Bogota, D. COLOMBIA Telephone: 57-1-2-81-56-80 Fax: 57-1-3-36-46-81 E-mail:, Liliana Diaz, Carolina Lastra ) . This work presents the SIEZCHA system, a tool that helps park administrators define management policies by determining critical areas based on representative variables of natural national parks. These variables represent both physical and administrative features. The Chingaza Natural National Park was chosen as a case study, and its representative variables are vegetation unit, type of property, soil use, and natural disasters.

Strategies for Effective Monitoring in Community Based Natural Resource Management A Case Study of the ADMADE Program in Zambia . (Andy Lyons Department of Wildlife Ecology and Conservation University of Florida September, 1999 "In this study I have attempted to analyze the monitoring system of ADMADE, in light of the above framework, as a case study of an ICDP that has experimented with ways of involving local communities in monitoring. Specifically, this research attempted to answer: Who are the stakeholders in ADMADE's monitoring system and what are their information needs? What are the goals of ADMADE's monitoring system and what strategies have been used in its design? What lessons have been learned? How rigorous is data collected in ADMADE, and what can it be used for? What factors determine the quality of data collected by village scouts, and how can data quality be measured? Where are the weak points in ADMADE's monitoring system and how can these be strengthened? Like a lot of fieldwork, this research evolved over its course as new issues were encountered and unforeseen circumstances demanded new approaches for collecting data. In particular, the primary unit of analysis was shifted away from individual village scouts to ADMADE Units and the project as a whole. This was primarily due to the fact in practice that little monitoring data is linked to individual scouts, and travel constraints made it difficult to reach a sufficient number of scouts in the field. In addition, conceptually many of the truly interesting and unique characteristics of ADMADE's monitoring program occur above the level of the scout, warranting analysis at higher levels."

Using ArcInfo to Evaluate Plan Biodiversity in Southern Siberia . (1997 ESRI paper: Roman R. Bukarev Novosibirk State University 20/2, Pirogov Street Novosibirsk, 630090 RUSSIA Telephone: 011-383-2-397885 Fax: c/o (406) 728-9432 E-mail: . The Baraba Steppe is a southern Siberian region with native physical and geographical conditions with close coexistence of grassland, forest, steppe, and wetland plant communities. Using PC ArcInfo, we developed a GIS to provide the capability to operate with large databases on southern Siberia ecosystems biodiversity. The main objectives of the GIS are to answer users' inquiries of two types: (1) evaluating a species' or a regime of species' spatial distribution within a given site (species of plants and animals, associated communities, etc.) and (2) obtaining data on the biodiversity of a given site (the species list, the list of communities within their areas, the Red Book species list, analytical maps, etc.) in order to evaluate the biodiversity of large regions to configure and designate a protected areas network. Using topo maps (1:25,000) and aerial photographs (1:14,000), the hypsometric, road, vegetation, and hydrological layers were developed. These coverages were then modified with field research surveys to include items such as plant communities and abundance. The region analyzed was subdivided and an algorithm was developed to evaluate the biodiversity indices for each site. The identified sites of greatest vegetation biodiversity can be used in designation of protected areas and be considered for human activity within Baraba.

Using ArcInfo to Identify and Promote Designation of Katun National Park, Altai Region, Russia . (1997 ESRI paper: Alexander Yumakaev Socio-Ecological Union/Altai PO 845 Barnaul, 656015 RUSSIA Telephone: 3852.22.0908 Fax: 406-728-9432 E-mail: . SEU/Altai has developed a proposal to create a national park in the Ust-Koksa region in the Altai Republic, Russia, by expanding and changing the management regime of the Katun Nature Preserve. This area, which is at the headwaters of the Katun River, was chosen for potential national park designation because of its unique natural and cultural features. Using PC ARC/INFO, SEU/Altai digitized and combined geologic, vegetative, hydrographic, and cultural layers at a scale of 1:200,000 to gain an understanding of the natural resources and the human impacts on nature in the area. This GIS information allowed us to create land use designations for the proposed park and will aid in management of the future park, as well as aid in the park designation process.

Using GIS of Climate, Vegetation at Knuckles Range Education and the Public . (1997 ESRI paper: W.M. Giragama Hector Kobbekaduwa Agrarian Research PO Box 1522 Wijerama Mawatha Colombo, WP SRI LANKA Telephone: 011-94-1-696981 Fax: 011-94-1-692423, A. Ramakrishnan ) . Defining Issue: To study the highly variable topographic, forest, and climatic conditions that prevail in this area for better ecosystem management. GIS Solution: Information on the Knuckles Range and its rugged terrain is difficult to visualize when the topographic, vegetation, and climate data are hardly available and accessible.

Sites with public conservation and GIS data for downloading


All text by the respective organizations/authors, January 2, 1997

Web layout & design: Environmental Systems Research Institute, Inc. January 2, 1996

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