Here you will find information about our 2016 scholars. This group is selected by our chapters in 10 countries and regions around the world. We encourage all SCGIS members to find candidates doing work or needing help relevant to what you do, and to reach out and contact them, introduce yourself, see how you can help them. Those wishing to donate can do so at the official SCGIS site.
Andina Anastasia Krey, USAID Lestari, Indonesia
Caterina Dimitriadis Pampin, Por La Pesca Artesanal, Uruguay
Cintia Gisele Tellaeche, Univd Nacional de Jujuy, – Andean Cat Alliance, Argentina
Francoise Cabada Blanco, Lab Conserv Marino-Coster, U Simón Bolívar, Venezuela
Iurii Strus, State Museum of Natural History, Ukraine
Jacob Kimagl, Wildlife Conservation Society, Papua New Guinea
Jean Claude Kalemba, African Wildlife Foundation, DR Congo
Jean Luc Ramahavelo, Blue Ventures, Madagascar
Maholy Ravaloharimanitra, The Aspinall Foundation, Madagascar
Marlon Prestes, Inst Pesquisa Vida Selvagem e Educação Ambiental – SPVS, Brazil
Olga Ilina, Northern Environmental Coalition, Russia
Phien Sayon, Wildlife Conservation Society, Cambodia
Ricardo Sandí Sagot, Organization for tropical studies, Costa Rica
Sergei Rusetski, Institute of experimental botany, Belarus
Tomomi Kudo, EnVision Conservation Office, Japan
Zouh Tem Isabella, Cameroon National REDD+, Cameroon
Andina Anastasia Krey, Indonesia
*-Organization name: USAID (United States Agency for International Development) Lestari
*-Organization full street address (in your local format): Jalan Cenderawasih (Depan Gedung DPRD Baru), SP 2, Timika, Papua 99910
*-Organization full mailing address, if different:
*-Work phone with country and area code: +62 811 4827 265
*-Work fax with country and area code:
*-Scholar email: email@example.com
*-Scholar Phone: +62 823 9751 3350
Mangrove forests are among the world’s most important ecosystems. Mangroves may assist with stabilizing the climate due to their exceptional ability to sequester carbon. It was also found that mangroves are among the most carbon-rich forests in the tropics
Our organization exists to improve the management of forests in Indonesia that is highly related with the global warming/climate change issues. One of the Districts we are working with is Mimika District, Papua, where I am placed.
Mangrove forest in Mimika District is among one of the largest blocks of mangrove forests in the world, also with a very high biodiversity rate for a mangrove ecosystem. In other places, mangrove trees that are normally around 3-9 m, here in Mimika you can find the same species with height more than 30m standing in large areas.The traditional community that live around the forest is heavily depending on the forest, their local wisdom in managing the forest make the mangrove forests still exist and healthy.
It is essential for our organization to provide help for the management of mangrove forest in Mimika Distrcit also because: 1. Many aquatic species utilize mangrove forest as feeding, breeding and/or nursery sites. It is estimated that 80% of commercial fish utilise mangrove vegetation during their life cycle. 2. Mangroves can reduce erosion, increase the abundance of phytoplankton and thus provide food for fish. 3. Heavy metals can be adsorbed to the surface of sediment in mangrove forests, thereby reducing their availability for uptake by pelagic organisms. 4. The capability of mangrove forests to trap sediment is also beneficial to surrounding subtidal vegetation, by reducing turbidity and therefore improving light attenuation to seagrass environments.
GIS Challenges I found are more about modelling, I have been asked a lot by multistakeholders about what if this and what if that, what will happen if we do this and that, how it would affect our mangrove forest, but I didn’t know how to use ArcGIS to help solving their problems.
Challenges I face is not necessarily from the GIS techniques, but more because of tons of legal documents and regulations and laws in our country, so sometimes when we have a solution for a problem related to spatial planning, we need to make sure that our ideas can be applied according to law, but we have so many laws to read and sometimes difficult to access. But I am thankful because the multistakeholders here, especially agencies of the local government (that understand laws regulated by institutions), are always happy to help me with their governance specialty.
I am interested in modelling the impact of altering the shape and the depth of a river basin (for ports, shipping, etc). Not only that, I like to use a biological gun to solve the problem expected to occur by conducting the development. For example, when we dig some sediment at upper part of a river (to provide 24 hour access of transportation of local boats), can we make sure which part of the river to alter (and how deep, and where and what shape), so that we minimize problem the impact like the sedimentation in the coastal area, near delta, where the bigger ships travel. Then I could continuewith where can we plan mangrove, which species and which method of planting to support the solution of the problem. I did a lot of work with mangrove forest (since I was in undergraduate), so the biology of the forest is quite alright for me, but the GIS techniques to model that is something I need to start learning.
I am also a volunteer who help several local NGOs, helping them establishing work plans as well as providing technical support as a mangrove and spatial and GIS specialist (for free, during my spare time in weekends), and even help them editing their proposals for donors. The NGOs are including Mimika indigeneous woman network and Shed of Revival. Both NGOs are focusing on developing human resource of indigeneous Papuans, women and children and mangrove forests where the traditional community rely their lives on.
describe the work that your current organization does: USAID’s LESTARI project supports the Government of Indonesia to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and conserve biodiversity in carbon rich and biologically significant forest and mangrove ecosystems. Built on the strong foundation of USAID’s IFACS project, LESTARI applies a landscape approach to reduce GHG emissions, integrating forest and peatland conservation with low emissions development (LEDS) on other, already degraded land. This is achieved through improved land use governance, enhanced protected areas management and protection of key species, sustainable private sector and industry practices, and expanded constituencies for conservation among various stakeholders. LESTARI is implemented under the leadership of Tetra Tech and a consortium of partners including WWF-Indonesia, Winrock International, Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS), Blue Forests, Yayasan Sahabat Cipta, PT Hydro South Pole Carbon, Sustainable Travel International (STI), Michigan State University, and the FIELD Foundation. LESTARI runs from August 2015 through July 2020.
As it is widely known, Indonesia plays a critical role related to global warming, due to a huge amount of emission caused by deforestation in this country. In Indonesia, Papua is a Province with the most abundance natural resources including forest. Mangrove forest in Mimika, Papua, where I work, is among one of the largest block of mangrove forests in the world, with an outstanding biodiversity in it. I have been interested in remote sensing of mangrove forest since I was in undergraduate study. I am consistent in increasing my skill on this through my academic study (master degree) and through my working experience. Why is mangrove forest is important related to climate change? Because in the tropics, the capability of this forest to absorb carbon is greater than coral reef and tropical rain forest. It is also highly essential to maintain fish stock.
Caterina Dimitriadis Pampin, Uruguay
*-Organization name: POPA POR LA PESCA ARTESANAL (POPA)
*-Organization full street address: Igua 4225, Malvin Norte. Montevideo, Uruguay.
*-Work phone with country and area code: (00598) 099940543
*-Work fax with country and area code:
*-Main email: firstname.lastname@example.org
*-Organization Web site URL if any: Youtube Channel
I started working on conservation in 2001, when I was an undergraduate student and I went to Puerto Madryn (Argentina) to the Patagonian National Center for Work, staying for 2 months in the Marine Mammal Laboratory directed by Dr. Enrique Crespo. During the stay I worked on the identification and cataloging of behavioral patterns of dusky dolphins (Lagenorhynchus obscurus) and skunk dolphin (Cephalorhynchus commersonii) both from ships and from cliffs. Also make practical photography and identification of individuals by markings on wings or colour. In 2002 along with other companions we began the first systematic study of the bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) to determine the presence, size and composition of the groups in the Uruguayan coast ocean.To unify projects related to marine mammals, Cetaceos Uruguay was created in 2004, and I was a founding member. The group's objective was to develop and promote research and conservation of marine mammals in Uruguay. With the support of the Faculty of Sciences (UDELAR), and with the support of national and regional researchers, working with different public institutions and NGOs were coordinated. Afterwards, I was co-director of the Franciscana project aimed to assess by-catch of Pontoporia blainvilei in artisanal fisheries of the Uruguayan coast. Based on this project the values of Catch Per Unit Effort (CPUE) of this fishery were actualized and we evaluated the main variables that influenced dolphin mortality. This information is essential for implementing management and conservation measures at national and regional levels. Since the master I began to work with fish reproduction studies where I participated in the project Analysis of the reproductive ecology of Helicolenusdactylopterus in the Iberian platform. In this project the population structure of the species was analysed in five areas of the Iberian coast with different environmental characteristics and fishing pressure. In the doctoral thesis, I focused on the implementation of the ecosystemapproach to fisheries management (EAFM) in multi-specific small-scale fisheries in the north-western Mediterranean. In the thesis, I evaluated how to maximize the use of information from the fishermen guild of the port of Palamós, considering fisheries as a socioeconomic unit (systemic approach) but also to different ecosystem components representing different levels evaluated the hierarchy of biological organization (individual species and communities). In the thesis, I applied GIS to assess the spatial and temporal dynamics of the fishery and the impact of the fishery on vulnerable species of commercial interest. Using Arcmap 9.1 I mapped the fishing effort and the CPUE by gear for six hermaphrodites fish species. Unfortunately I was not able to perform statistical analyzes due to the characteristics of the data.
describe what is the most unique and the most challenging about the conservation/GIS work that you do: I'm not sure my work is unique but I know that working with fishermen is very difficult because it requires a long time to gain their trust and establish a horizontal relationship.
For 10 years I work with artisanal fishermen covering various aspects of the fishery. It's really a great challenge to work with people who have deep traditional knowledge of the fishery and its environment but lack training and have access to methodological tools to answer your questions. It is essential that researchers and fishermen work together for good quality data that allow for adequate and accurate analysis. For this, it is essential that fishermen cooperate and participate in each phase of the process. I considered that the fishermen knowledge should be considered in the management measures and conservations plans. Therefore, I believe that much of what we know about marine conservation and coastal environment I have learned at the sea with fishermen.
YOUR ORGANIZATION: The POPA Group, formed in 2011, brings together people with very different experiences and realities, but with acommon interest: the artisanal fisheries. POPA is a non-for profit organization focused on participatory approaches to improve artisanal fisheries regarding catch, incomes, governance, livelihoods and impact, being the participation of its members entirely voluntary. POPA has a "power unit"
that makes decisions for the development of various projects and activities, in order to meet the objectives of the collective. In the long term goals of the group are: i) find strategies that contribute tosustainable fishing; ii) promote direct marketing of fish catch for artisanal fisheries and improve their quality; and iii) contribute to improving the quality of life of those who chose to live to the artisanal fisheries. It iscurrently carrying out a project to mitigate the impact of interactions between sea lions and artisanal fisheries. For this, we are evaluating the use of traps as an alternative fishing gear.
POPA’s work is based on monthly workshops where we discuss and agree decisions and define working groups to move forward the various projects we are involved. Each member brings to the group his/her own personal interests and experience and a discipline background. As part of the group I bring my background in biology, fisheries management and my previous work with fishermen both in Uruguay and Spain. Besides participating in the workshops, I collaborate in two working groups (restaurants and methodology). The subgroup of restaurants is focused on improving the direct marketing of fish catch to traps. In the subgroup of methodology, we define sampling design, type of data to be collected and analysis of data.
Cintia Gisele Tellaech, Argentina
*-Organization name: Universidad Nacional de Jujuy, Facultad de Ciencias Agrarias – Andean Cat Alliance (AGA).
*-Organization full street address (in your local format): Alberdi 47, San Salvador de Jujuy, Jujuy. CP:4600
*-Organization full mailing address, if different: email@example.com
*-Work phone with country and area code: 054 0388-4221556
*-Work fax with country and area code: 054 0388-4221556
*-Main email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Web site URL if any: http://www.gatoandino.org
describe the history of your personal work in conservation and GIS: I have always loved outdoors and since I was a child I felt the need of contributing somehow to the conservation of the wildlife.
In 2007 I participate as a volunteer of my first field campaign in the Argentinean High Andes. Since my first field work day in the team, I knew that that was what I wanted to do in my life, so I continued working with Andean carnivores as a voluntary and then I did my graduate thesis on the project focused on Andean and Pampas cat food habits.
After my graduation I decide to continue working on the project and I started to work on my PhD Thesis
It did not been easy to work with such an elusive species and in such a hard environmental as the High Andes, but when I check a camera trap and have at least one picture of this beautiful creatures, or when I been able to capture one, or been one of the few people who seen one, I feel that all the effort that I made, worth it.
I think that it is important to devote efforts to the Andean cat because this very charismatic animal can help creating conservation awareness in local people and protecting the entire High Andes ecosystem and it is amazing wildlife.
describe the work that your current organization does: I have a postdoc position at the Universidad Nacional de Jujuy, focus on the study of two endangered cats, the Andean cat (Leopardus jacobita) and the Pampas cat (L. colocolo) in Argentinean High Andes.
I am also a member of the Andean cat Alliance (AGA) which is a multinational and interdisciplinary network funded in 1999 by professionals from Argentina, Bolivia, Chile and Peru to develop coordinated actions for the conservation of the Andean cat and its habitat. AGA’s vision to promote the conservation and long term maintenance of Andean cat populations and its habitat, in harmony with human populations. AGA as a whole and our project in particular, has dedicated a large effort to ecological research and educational activities.
The research and educational project in Argentina started in 2003 trying to generate base line information about the distribution and basic biology of these unknown felids. Work with local communities is an important part of the project given that we think that improving the environmental awareness of the local people is the key for the environment survival.
I joined AGA in 2010, I been working in one of the Argentinian projects. I am focused on research and work with local communities but also collaborate in educational activities. Since 2010 I have been working to understand the habitat use of the Andean and Pampas cat in Northwestern Argentina, using camera traps and radio-collars as part of my PhD thesis, which I finished last year.
A few months ago I started my Postdoc project with the objective of identify the most suitable habitat for Andean and Pampas cat, in an area of the Argentinean High Andes near some communities interested in develop ecotourism activities. The objective is to identify priority areas for cat’s conservation and compare them with projections of land use by humans for the following years and use both tools to develop a strategy that favors biodiversity as well as allowing development of local economy.
describe what is the most unique and the most challenging about the conservation/GIS work that you do: I am working with an extremely rare and charismatic species, the Andean cat is considered one of the world’s least know cats and the rarest felid in South America. It has been proposed that the main threats to its conservation are habitat fragmentation and loss, hunting and prey reduction. But even if the amount of studies has been increasing in the last few years the lack of information on basic biology is the most significant restrains to design conservation actions.
Although the Pampas cat has a lower conservation priority, a much larger distribution range and greater abundances than Andean cat some of the issues previously mentioned are applicable also to this species, and particularly to its High Andes populations . A better knowing of these carnivore requirements will be highly valuable in the identification of conservation areas and the well based management decisions.
The Andean cat inhabit the high Andes, a region with extreme weather conditions, the study area altitude ranges from 3200 to 5800 m of elevation and topography is very broken, with a large amount of canyons and cliffs. Because of its high altitude receives high solar radiation and is subject of high temperature variation, from 35 C to -20 C at night. Climate is arid and cool, with little rainfall mainly in form of snow and hail. Al these climate conditions make the field work much more difficult. Information about the type and quantity of resources needed to sustain those high Andean carnivore populations is critical to preserve them. Since resources are not evenly distributed knowing which kind of habitat is preferred by determinate species is a key parameter to study.
Identify of high priority areas for conservation is the first step in the planning for a species’ survival. Additionally we will develop a much needed tool to estimate the presence of carnivores in the High Andes, that can potentially be used for monitoring and creation of distribution maps based on presence-absence data. I am conscious that long term conservation cannot be achieved without the support of local people. For this reason, we have also developed a community participation component, aiming to build conservational awareness in local people and knowledge about the importance of carnivores for the ecological processes they are involved in. As a part of that component of the project local communities demonstrate interest in the creation of a protected area and in develop eco-tourism activities inside our study area; I think that the habitat suitability maps are needed to discuss with the communities about the selection of areas most appropriate for the different types of human activities and land uses. So this project is going to have an immediate application in conservation actions that will benefit the High Andes ecosystem. Going to something more specifically related to the GIS work that I been doing, I found that the roughness measurement as has been quite a challenge, and given that according to my habitat models is one of the most important environmental characteristics for the cats habitat use I really need to have that variable. I tried to calculate different roughness indexes using an ASTER DEM, but I think that maybe I do not have the necessary resolution or I am not using the most efficient method, since the results seems to be realistic in some areas but look off in others. At the moment I am doing roughness measurements on the field to compare with different remote methods to determine which is the most accurate for my study. Having this variable calculated for all the study area will allow me to model the cats occupancy and then map it over the area entire area.
Organization name: State Museum of Natural History of NAS of Ukraine
*-Organization full street address (in your local format): 18, Teatralna str., Lviv 79008, Ukraine
*-Organization full mailing address, if different: same
*-Work phone with country and area code: +380322356917
*-Work fax with country and area code: +380322356917
*-Main email: email@example.com
*-Organization Web site URL if any: http://www.smnh.org/
describe the history of your personal work in conservation and GIS: I started to use GIS when I was a PhD student at Lviv University. While studying there I had access to free copy of ArcGIS 9.3 and this program was my first experience in GIS. I have never studied GIS as a discipline at the university. Therefore, I am self-taught “specialist”. During my PhD i studied vulnerable taxa of birds – waders (shorebirds; Charadrii) and there was need to analyze distribution of this group of rare birds in north-west Ukraine. So, I created a lot of maps using existing shape files from open sources and drew a lot of layers myself basing on Google Earth and Landsat satellite images. In addition, I tried to analyze multispectral satellite images (Landsat) in ArcGis and Erdas Imagine. I wanted to classify habitats in west Ukraine in order to predict possible distribution of waders breeding colonies. I thought that if I created map of distribution of wet meadows I would be able to predict waders’ distribution and to calculate their population size basing on estimated density in suitable habitats multiplied by total habitat area. Eventually I created map of grasslands, but it was actually to general, for practical usage, because some crop fields were undistinguishable from wet grasslands in their spectral characteristics. Map of habitats based on Landsat images was to bold for my purposes. Then, when I started to work at State Museum of Natural History, I became involved to international project on Black Stork (Ciconia nigra) study and conservation. My task in this project is to analyze spatial distribution of Black Stork nests in relation to distribution of old fragments of forests in Western Polissia area of Ukraine. Therefore, for last three years I create maps of Black Stork distribution in West Polissia, georeference existing maps of forest habitats of Rivne region and analyze mentioned relation. Project on Black Stork has direct conservation application for this rare bird species and even for other forest dwelling animals. Basing on our analysis in GIS of distribution of Storks and of distribution of old forests we managed to force local forestry companies to create special conservation zones in places important for this rare bird. Also, I lead another one project (http://www.rufford.org/projects/lurii_strus) concerned with conservation of some rare waders (Eurasian Curlew, Great Snipe and Common Snipe) in Western Polissia. The “wader” project has several aims: (a) to estimate more precisely current population size of mentioned species in North-west Ukraine, (b) to define current breeding ranges of these waders and (c) to perform educational campaign with conservation emphasis for local people. In “wader” project, I use GIS to create maps of species distribution and to store coordinates of nesting locations of rare waders taken by GPS.
describe the work that your current organization does: I work at State Museum of Natural History in Lviv, Ukraine. It is local organization with 200-year history. The museum is affiliated to National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. Therefore, my organization is half-museum half-scientific institution. Our museum is quite big organization (40 scientists and other personal) and therefore has many directions of work. Great part of the staff is involved in educational work for local people (e.g. exhibition, events for children). Other direction is scientific and related with biological and geological studies. We have three scientific departments. One department works on taxonomical issues and mainly and has almost nothing incommon with conservation of nature. Other two departments work in field of ecology, botany, zoology and soil studies. Our museum is one of the leading organization in whole west Ukraine (alongside with Lviv University and Instute of Carpathians ecology) which conduct research related to nature conservation. Actually, majority of projects in which we are involved have conservation application. In addition, the museum provides environmental expertise when state or private companies intend to do something potentially harmful for nature (e.g. to install wind turbines for electricity generation, or to build new road). Within the museum, I work at the department of biodiversity and landscape diversity, in laboratory of vertebrate zoology. I am junior scientist there (leading engineer). Because funding in Ukraine is very limited, our laboratory always tries to find some support from international funding organizations (“CICONIA” fund, Rufford Foundation and so on) to conduct research and conservation activities in West Ukraine. During last 5 years, we have been working in several projects, and I am involved to each as ornithologist and as person responsible for preparation of maps and analysis in GIS. First project is concerned with study and conservation of Black Stork Ciconia nigra in forests of Western Polissia. Second is concerned with study and conservation of rare waders (Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata, Great Snipe Gallinago media and Common Snipe G. gallinago) on wet meadows and fen mires of Western Polissia. Third project is concerned with estimation of potential impact of planned wind plant on biodiversity. The last one, is concerned with estimation of impact of high-voltage power lines on birds. First and second project are strongly depended on GIS analysis. In third and fourth projects I only made some maps in GIS.
describe what is the most unique and the most challenging about the conservation/GIS work that you do: Actually everything that our team does in field of nature/bird conservation in our region is unique, because in Ukraine in general, not many specialists work in field of nature conservation, especially of rare birds conservation. Apart of work in Natural History Museum, I am also vice-president of West-Ukrainian Ornithological Society, the only ornithological society in West Ukraine. Therefore I have exact idea what is been doing in field of bird study and conservation in this particular region. As in many low-income countries not many attention is paid to nature conservation here. Local people usually are busy with more earthly problems and frequently do not understand the value of nature protection or misunderstand it. Therefore, any activity in nature conservation is quite rare here and should be appreciated. As far as I know, among people involved in bird study and conservation in West Ukraine only 3 use GIS in their practice. Therefore, GIS only starts to spread in nature conservation in our region (region bigger than whole Greece for instance).
*-Organization name: Wildlife Conservation Society
*-Organization full street address (in your local format): Rohanoka Street
*-Organization full mailing address, if different: Wildlife Conservation Society, Papua New Guinea Programme, PO Box 277,
Eastern Highlands Province, Papua New Guinea
*-Country: Papua New Guinea
*-Work phone with country and area code:(+675) 532 3494
*-Work fax with country and area code: (+675) 532 3180
*-Organization Web site URL if any: wcspng.org
describe your current conservation gis work: I graduated from the only technological university (Papua New Guinea University of Technology-PNG Unitech) in my country with a Bachelor’s degree in Geographical Information Science. My cohort were the pioneer graduates when the course was first introduced in to the Department of Surveying and Land Studies. This has become my foundation for my career. As a GIS Officer, I carry out a range of tasks in the day to day operation of the organization to achieve our goal, which is conservation. During my studies at the university, I carried out a project based on the use of GIS in monitoring a wildlife management area: a case study of the Tree Kangaroo Conservation Program (TKCP) in the Kabuwm area of Morobe province, Papua New Guinea. The project was part of my final dissertation submitted to the department of Surveying and Land Studies in fulfillment of my studies. In 2011; I was engaged with the PNG Research and Conservation Foundation – a local NGO based in PNG that primarily focuses on conservation through education work. That was after my 2nd year of studies at the university. My engagement with the organization was part of my industrial training during my vacation period. During the training, I worked under the supervision of a senior GIS officer Mr. Stanley Jacob to carry out basic mapping and hands on GIS and GPS work for a period of three months. Our main task was gathering data and doing clan mapping of the Crater Mountains Wildlife Management Area. After completing my studies in 2013 I got accepted to work as the GIS Officer for the Wildlife Conservation Society PNG Program. I then started my career with WCS in January 2014 and from then on my interest and attitude towards conservation, science and community relationships has grown deeper.
When joining WCS in 2014, I worked under the REDD+ Project (Reducing Emissions by limiting Deforestations and land Degradation project which aims at creating avenues for reforestation, forest conservation and sustainable forest management by providing basic community projects to locals for looking after their forest), funded by the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT) in Manus Province, a small island province directly north of the mainland Papua New Guinea. My main task was to map customary land boundaries and produce simple clan maps for locals/landowners to clearly visualize their land boundaries and important landmarks within their clan areas. The mapping activity also helped them in land dispute resolutions and identification of traditional land boundaries for the younger generations who don’t know their boundaries. Clan maps were then used as a tool for land-use and community resource management planning (please find attachment 1 is a sample clan map for clans mapped in Manus Island). The project resulted in signing of a Conservation Agreement between the Wildlife Conservation Society and the local communities for an area of more than 20,000 which saw the protection of forest in return for basic infrastructures to the community such as: a school building, community hall, and foot bridges.
In 2015 I worked on another project also funded by the Australians DFAT on Climate Change Adaptation (CCA). My main role in this project was to use low cost tools for climate adaptation planning to develop community self-help action plans in coastal communities throughout our projectsites. Under this activity we conducted a Sea level Rise (SLR) mapping by which detailed mapping of small island communities was carried out to determine the vulnerability of those communities to sea level rise in the next 50 and 100 years. Colorful and simple SLR maps and analysis were repatriated back to the communities which are now forming the basis climate change adaptation plans. Four interns studying GIS and Remote Sensing in PNG Unitech were trained under my supervision under this project for four weeks intensive field work and data processing. It was part of their training and also their involvement helped speed up our work with their extra hands. A great opportunity was created for those students to actually break out of their student realm and experience the real GIS work and get hands on training. (Please find attachment 2 is a SLR map of one of the small coral atoll island in Manus province of Papua New Guinea. The island is less than a meter above sea level. It is at higher risk to flooding during higher tides. )
Please describe what is the most unique and the most challenging about the conservation/GIS work that you do: Doing conservation work in developing regions such as in Papua New Guinea is not easy. We work with our local partners who traditionally/customarily own about 80–90 percent of PNG’s land. Locals in the villages have entirely different perceptions towards conservation. Some think conservation is to do with taking away their right or restricting them from accessing their natural resources on their land. That is the most difficult mentality we work on clarifying. We encountered complications and during the REDD+ project when the activity actually resulted in provoking outstanding land disputes which were 20-30 years in the making. However, the maps we produce from the mapping of their land boundaries helped them to sort out some of their disputes. The communities have since realized that conservation is not about restricting them from accessing their resources on their land but actually to help them manage their resources sustainably. With pressing issues on logging, road development and mining activities in the area, it makes our work challenging at our project sites. We provide locals with advice through awareness and research report presentations on different aspects ranging from legal awareness, land rights, prioritizing their development goals, and information on key plant and animal species in order for them to make informed decisions over their natural resources. Locals are the ones who are going to take lead in the sustainable management of their resources so we prioritize their involvement. But ultimately the decision about how their land gets used and whether conservation becomes a priority is their own.
Jean Claude Kalemba, DR CONGO
Organization name: AFRICAN WILDLIFE FOUNDATION (AWF)
*-Organization full street address (in your local format): 16, AV. LUKUSA Immeuble les Palmiers, Kinshasa/Gombe, Democratic Republic of Congo BP 2396
*-Organization full mailing address, if different:
*-Country: Democratic Republic of Congo
*-Work phone with country and area code: +243 812628204 / +243 (0) 8139-97586
*-Work fax with country and area code:
*-Main email: firstname.lastname@example.org
*-Organization Web site URL if any: www.awf.org
I have been a GIS Officer at the African Wildlife Foundation (AWF) office in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) since 2009. I was trained at the University of Kinshasa, DRC in agricultural sciences and natural resources management. In my role, I have been managing all GIS activities for the AWF-DRC office as well as field assistants and trainees. My passion lies in the use of GIS and remote sensing as technological tools for helping to analyze and reduce environmental pressures, especially in the rainforest of the Congo Basin. In my work, I assist local communities with participatory mapping activities in order to move toward sustainable land use planning in the northern DRC region. The mapping activities help secure land management rights by the DRC Government, which is especially important for these communities as they lack land tenure security and have no capacity to map their land or engage in long-term land use planning. The work is extremely challenging, as it is field-based, but I am very passionate about the project’s goals and am committed to reinforcing my capacity in my role. I am confident that my application for this award is a logical view to strengthen my capacity in this fellowship training program and implement their knowledge in my work within the African Wildlife Foundation for protection of the environment and its sustainable socio-economic development
I learned GIS at the University of Kinshasa (in DRC) and quickly understood that GIS is a valuable tool to help make decisions,in particular to help communities understand their sense of responsibility for the rational use of natural resources. The work that I do in the landscape is important because it helps spread awareness to local people to join us to protect the environment. What motivates me more despite the difficulties, is that this work contributes to raise the socio-economic development of local populations while balancing sustainable use and teaching conservation of natural resources. It has taken some time and with many challenges to gain the trust of local populations to allow them to believe that we are trying to help them, but with time in raising awareness about the environment they now have better learned about the importance of the rational use of resources for the next generation.
After University, I joined African Wildlife Foundation (AWF) as Intern for 6 months in the DRC office, where I worked actively in the field to participate in a land use planning project in the Maringa-Lopori-Wamba Landscape, located in northern DRC. I eventually became the AWF-DRC GIS Officer in 2011 and have been managing participatory mapping activities with local populations to improve the sustainable management of land and natural resources in order to benefit the welfare of the local populations. As part of this job, I have been managing all GIS activities and GIS databases for the AWF-DRC office.
African Wildlife Foundation (AWF) is a nonprofit organization whose vision is to assist the people of Africa to sustainably manage natural resources and sensitive areas important for biodiversity. In the DRC, AWF presses the Congolese government to develop conservation strategies by creating new protected areas such as the Lomako-Yokokala Faunal Reserve (created by AWF in early 2000s) and the Iyondji Community Reserve for Bonobos (created by AWF and partners in 2011) and aims to help improve the living standards of local communities through the development of alternative livelihood programs, sustainable agriculture programs, land use planning and micro-zoning. In our project in Maringa-Lopori-Wamba Landscape, we believe that the approach of participatory mapping is one of the most effective tools to achieve sustainable land use planning to benefit the well-being of the local population.
At the African Wildlife Foundation, I am GIS Officer in the DRC office. Our office supports a large community-based land use planning project in the Maringa-Lopori-Wamba Landscape located in rural northern DRC. In my role, I use GIS to help make decisions about conservation and land use planning and I actively use it to help local communities map and secure their land use boundaries.
Specifically, in my role, I do the following:
Manage all GIS activities in Maringa Lopori Wamba landscape;
Travel often to conduct fieldwork in the landscape’s rainforest, which involves working with local communities on participatory mapping activities, collecting GPS data with the communities, and managing all data collected;
Train local facilitators in raising awareness on sustainable management of natural resources and conflict management related to natural resources;
Manage local field assistants and trainees on programming and planning the participatory mapping and land use planning activities (including where/which village to visit, when and how);
Teach the technique of leading both participatory mapping activities and meetings with local community organizations;
Teach field assistants and trainees about GPS data collection;
Help develop positive relationships with political and administrative authorities in the area and contribute effectively to a sectoral vision on the use of natural resources;
Answer requests for specific thematic maps of Maringa-Lopori-Wamba Landscape and share GIS data with collaborative partners;
In addition, I teach students at a local college, the Institute of Rural Development in Djolu (ISDR-Djolu), about participatory mapping and techniques of collecting GPS data.
I work in the landscape Maringa Lopori Wamba which is located in northern Democratic Republic of Congo. This area is part of the rainforest of the Congo Basin, the second largest rainforest in the world after the Amazon forest.
The forests where I conduct my work are rich in biodiversity, with rare and endemic species such as forest elephants, bonobos, and Congolese Peacocks to name a few. However, this area experiences high pressure due to anthropogenic activities, including the expansion of slash-and-burn agriculture, illegal and unsustainable hunting of bushmeat, soil erosion, and over-extraction of young trees for both fuelwood and construction of local houses. In these areas, it is necessary to work more closely with local communities to teach them about management and planning of natural resources and conservation of land use. As there is no land tenure in DRC, these communities do not own their own land, and have no long-term land use planning and management expertise. In addition, they lack expertise to conduct mapping studies.
African Wildlife Foundation thus helps these communities to map boundaries of their agricultural and forested areas and develop strategies that will increase their agricultural production by improving their farming practices. This helps communities increase food production without increasing deforestation.
At present, the mapping activities that have been conducted have been validated by the local communities and are also officially recognized at the political and administrative authorities of the government of the DRC. Formal recognition and acceptance of these boundaries will allow the communities to gain official management rights to their lands for the first time. This aspect is very important for these communities because they had no capacity to do this previously.
Today, the participatory mapping techniques that we have been teaching the communities will serve as techniques and tools for the communities to develop their own land use plans in the future.
As part of my role in my job and in this project, I have led the mapping activities for 45 villages in this region. Thus, 45 agricultural areas of these villages have been identified and mapped.
There are many challenges to my work. It is important to note that the fieldwork can be very difficult, because the landscape lacks significant infrastructure and many places are highly inaccessible without long days on motorcycles, small outboard boats, and walking by foot. To conduct my fieldwork, I wake up early, ride the motorbike to a village (sometimes for several hours), meet the area manager and group leader, meet the notables and leaders of custom land, and start the participatory mapping activities with the community. Oftentimes, I need to develop a social strategy the basic concepts of land use planning, mapping and conservation because most of the communities lack this knowledge. Then, I follow certain leaders of the community into their forest to collect GPS data that define for the first time the boundaries of active farmland in their village. This work sometimes takes a whole day, walking in the forest and then camping in the forest so that we can continue the next day. In the daytime, it is often very hot, and very cold at night. Sometimes, the forest is very wet (swamp forest) and we need to cross major rivers in order to continue our work. There is also often limited food. Sometimes we are able to camp in the village so that we can continue our work the next day.
For my job, I have to correctly and efficiently manage all GIS data and trainees, training them properly so that high quality data are collected. After the conclusion of many days of community mapping with a particular village, I return to the main office in Djolu and download all GPS data from several GPS units and put the data together accurately. If the data are collected erroneously, I have to return back to the village to collect new data. I also work to help strengthen the capacity of local facilitators to ensure the quality of the GPS data collected and ensure the validation of the final maps for the communities.
My work is done with passion because my family (parents, siblings, wife and children) remain in the capital of Kinshasa while I conduct this work very far away from them. Normally, I am away in the field for three months (the office is based in the remote village of Djolu) with no means of communication.
I share my GIS ideas often with friends and colleagues. I also receive help from Janet Nackoney at the University of Maryland, who has been collaborating with my project for many years, to support me with technical questions and coaching to advance my work.
Jean Luc RAMAHAVELO
Organization name: BLUE VENTURES
*-Organization full street address (in your local format): II M 98 H Antsakaviro – 101 ANTANANARIVO
*-Organization full mailing address, if different: Blue Ventures, Level 2 Annex, Omnibus Business Centre, 39-41 North Road, N7 9DP- ENGLAND
*-Work phone with country and area code: + (261) 34 48 984 85
*-Work fax with country and area code:
*-Main email: email@example.com
*-Organization Web site URL if any: http://www.blueventures.org/
history of your personal work in conservation and GIS: In August 2013, I started working full time for Blue Ventures as a Data Management Officer. My role in conservation is to ensure the input of all fisheries data by overseeing a team of 5-10 data entry technicians, checking their work and the sending all to our head office to be added to our databases. Once checked and compiled, this data is analyzed and fed back to our community and private sector partners, allowing them to adjust and improve their fishery management strategies accordingly. The quality of the scientific data from the program really depends on my role. There are many variables to be entered, such as the weight of each individual fish, sex, the name of fishing site and the fishing area. For these last two, I must also provide a KML file and it was from this that my GIS experience began. The need to know octopus fishing sites and how local fishers refer to these sites led to Blue Ventures initiating a participatory mapping project in order to delineate these sites. This is the participatory mapping project that I now lead.
When I started this work, even if I had already done a course with Arc View 3.2 at university, I did not know much because I had not had the opportunity to practice. But my colleagues at Blue Ventures explained the following basic concepts which were then reinforced by a volunteer, Tom Leanerst:
Understanding the difference between raster and vector files,
How to use ArcCatalog and ArcMap
Basic geoprocessing tools: creating-editing shapefiles and analyzing vector data.
Transferring data between Google Earth, ArcGIS and GPS
This last one is very useful for digitizing the scan of the maps that are hand drawn by the coastal communities.
Recently, in December 2015, Blue Ventures found an opportunity for me to attend a training course on GIS and remote sensing for sustainable forest monitoring and management in Nairobi / Kenya, organized by Indepth Research Service (www.indepthresearch.org). This was involving:
The principles of GPS, GIS and Remote sensing
Understanding data acquisition in using GPS and Open Data Kit (ODK)
How to extract Satellite images
How to integrate Imagery and Remote Sensing into Idrisi (Signature development, Supervised Classification, Unsupervised Classification) and how to import these data into ArcGIS.
Please describe the work that your current organization does: Blue Ventures is a science-led social enterprise that develops transformative approaches for nurturing and sustaining locally led marine conservation. The organization works in partnership with coastal communities in places where the ocean is vital to the culture and economy, and promotes transformative and integrated approaches to marine conservation and coastal poverty alleviation. Blue Ventures has operated field programmes in Belize, Fiji, Malaysia, Madagascar and Ghana. Blue Ventures is currently operating in Madagascar and Belize. The promotion of community-based tropical marine conservation forms the cornerstone of Blue Ventures’ work, which focuses on developing innovative models for sustaining and scaling locally-led marine conservation.
Blue Ventures recognizes that managing fisheries and marine resources works best when it is in the hands of local communities. This is particularly the case in low-income countries, where the national capacity for enforcement of marine and fisheries legislation may be weak. Blue Ventures' strategy focuses on empowering coastal communities to manage their own resources and developing effective, adaptive and locally appropriate conservation strategies, designed to sustain local fisheries and safeguard marine biodiversity.
To achieve these goals, Blue Ventures is conducting studies on fishery resource stocks and the biology of different species, to better support the communities we work with to sustainably manage their marine resources. GIS is an integral part of this work.
I am the Data Management Officer for Blue Ventures’ Sustainable Fisheries program. My main responsibilities are:
- Coordinating a large-scale mapping project of octopus fishing sites in the SW of Madagascar with regional partners
- Coordinating community fisheries data collection from 18 sites in collaboration with a wide range of community, public and private sector partners;
- Overseeing the data entry teams, ensuring the data are rigorously checked for accuracy before being compiled into databases;
- Coordinating data sharing with program partners to ensure they have access to up to date program results;
- Developing capacity to take on an organization-wide role in coordinating fisheries geospatial data sets through in-depth training and mentoring.
describe what is the most unique and the most challenging about the conservation/GIS work that you do:
While very rewarding, my experiences with Blue Ventures have at times been challenging. We work with remote coastal communities who have no experience in interpreting satellite imagery. While they are experts at navigating their fishing areas, this navigation depends entirely on landmarks that are visible from sea. These landmarks can be very hard to find in the satellite imagery and this frequently results in errors when they are delineating their fishing sites on the printed maps. Supporting the local fishers through this mapping exercise and consequently working with them to verify these sites is at once the most challenging and rewarding part of my conservation and GIS work, as I know the impact that the accuracy of these maps has on sustainable fishing in SW Madagascar.
paper you will present:
GIS and Octopus fishing sites in South western of Madagascar
*-Abstract/summary of the paper you will present:
Marine ecosystems in the southwest of Madagascar are under pressure from fishers by the practice of bad fishing technique, beach seine, by using nets with very fine mesh, etc. Touched by this, Blue Ventures (BV) has settled with the objective to rebuilding tropical fisheries with local communities. BV recognizes too that managing fisheries and marine resources works best when it is in the hands of local communities.
Joshua Joash Mabonga,
Wildlife Conservation Society, Uganda
*-Organization name : The Aspinall Foundation Madagascar
*-Organization full street address (in your local format) : 41, Rue Kasanga Fernand Tsimbazaza
*-Organization full mailing address, if different:
*-Country : Madagascar
*-Work phone with country and area code : +261340751475
*-Work fax with country and area code:
*-Organization Web site URL if any : http://www.aspinallfoundation.org/conservation
describe the history of your personal work in conservation and GIS: I have designed The Aspinall Foundation’s database relating to lemur data collect in field. Primatologists periodically improve these databases, since 2012. I have accompanied, support and contributed to the success of the transfer of management of 4 COBA (organization of local communities having the same interest on natural resources into an association) for them to get their contract and I am now planning to implement at least 3 new process to get transfer of management contract for this year. These transfers of management area were delimited, using GPS and base map. And I have contributed to the elaboration and redaction of the article on transfer of management published by Lemur News n°17 (King et al, 2013)
I am responsible of the Environmental Education of local communities as well as capacity building of these COBA for them to get the necessary skills to manage their own association and their natural resources. The Primate Education for Network (PEN) story telling award on 2015 has just awarded my Education Education’s work.
describe the work that your current organization does:
The Aspinall Foundation is a NGO working with local partners to help protecting species from extinction. Here in Madagascar, our work is focusing on the conservation of critically endangered lemur species and its habitat from extinction. In order to achieve sustainable results on that, we are collaborating with local communities living within and around the forest area. We are helping them to draw their management plan using participatory mapping and support its implementation.
We are also running permanent research in field to monitor change on lemur population over time as well as threats and pressure and try to assess sustainability of the discovered population. Our 4 primatologists are working with 31 local rangers from 12 local communities and one new protected area. My role is coordinating and orienting primatologists and local rangers’ fieldwork and managing data collected. I am also the main responsible of local communities and transfer of management of natural resources to them. I am elaborating all the media support used for sensitization and education (calendar, school notebooks, posters…) And finally, since June 2013, I have been entrusted the responsibilities of leading and coordination as same as the oversight of the foundation’s project in Madagascar.
describe what is the most unique and the most challenging about the conservation/GIS work that you do:
Lemur’s data in Madagascar is suffering from deficiency that it would be a shame to have data and not use them efficiently and successfully. Some part of the delimitation process is inaccessible, which caused the lack of tracks data for some part of the delimitation data. Zoning is not tracked on field but synthesized on map according the participatory mapping data elaborated with local communities. We have got helped by partners for the 3 previous transfer of management but we would like to be autonomous for the 3 proposed transfer of management.
Marlon Prestes, Brazil
Organization name: Instituto de Pesquisa em Vida Selvagem e Educação Ambiental – SPVS
(Institute for Wildlife Research and Environmental Education – SPVS)
*-Organization full street address (in your local format):
Rua Victorio Viezzer, 651 – 80810-340 – Curitiba – Paraná
*-Organization full mailing address, if different:
*-Work phone with country and area code: 55 41 3094 4600
*-Work fax with country and area code: 55 41 3094 4600
describe the history of your personal work in conservation and GIS:
I graduated in Geography from the Federal University of Paraná, 1996. Since 1994 I have worked in the mapping and GIS, worked for seven years in one of the majors mapping companies of the country, developing projects based on satellite images and aerial photographs, construction and updating of databases.
In 1999 I started working with the legal issues in my state, issues of suitability and environmental regularization of country properties. In recent years I have been working in SPVS coordinating the GIS lab and among the key initiatives can be highlighted in the following projects:
- Projects of Action Against Global Warming - the coast of Paraná: Projects contribute to combating the phenomenon of global warming, and at the same time, preserve the largest remaining Atlantic Forest in Brazil, are developed on the northern coast of Paraná State.
- Research in the SPVS Reserve: In three SPVS Reserves have been made management plans, which provides information on socioeconomic, geographic, physical and land in the region, and vegetation data, mammal, fauna, reptiles and birds. From this instrument were encouraged numerous studies aimed at improving the knowledge on biodiversity and ecology of the area, contributing significantly to the enrichment of information about the biome.
- Avoided Deforestation Program: It is an unprecedented initiative that seeks to protect the last remaining natural areas of Araucaria Forest in Paraná State, for its potential to offset greenhouse gas emissions responsible for global warming phenomenon. The project supports the owners of natural areas in the conservation of the last remnants of this ecosystem, threatened with extinction.
- Adoption Program Araucaria Forest : Through the adoption of areas, this campaign helps to protect the remnants of Araucaria forests that still exist. With the temporary adoption, the owner shall have the support to develop a broad effort to preserve your area. Through partnerships with the second sector, is intended financial resources for the owner to make possible the protection of their natural areas. These activities have direct supervision of SPVS.
- Red-tailed Parrot Conservation Project: Since 1998, SPVS develops Red-tailed Parrot Conservation Project (Amazona brasiliensis) in the coast of Paraná. The main objective is to protect the species, by scientific knowledge, management, and awareness of society about the importance of conservation of the parrot and the biodiversity of the Atlantic Forest.
- Project Development Model for Landscape Conservation with Araucaria Forest: Study design of the landscape and biodiversity conservation on small farms producing tobacco in the southern region of Parana, diagnosis of the environmental and legal properties, aiming to implement measures to improve environmental quality.
- Support Program for the Conservation of Biodiversity in Curitiba and metropolitan region - Conbio: The program aims to encourage attitudes that preserve biodiversity and reverse environmental degradation in the remaining areas of native vegetation in Curitiba and metropolitan region. Therefore, spread the conservation management of small urban green areas, seeking to expand the number of citizens participating in this initiative. It is conducted in partnership with the Municipality of Curitiba.
describe the work that your current organization does:
Instituto de Pesquisa em Vida Selvagem e Educação Ambiental – SPVS (Institute for Wildlife Research and Environmental Education – SPVS) is a nonprofit entity that develops innovative, quality projects in nature conservation that focus on expanding and replicating actions to preserve our natural heritage and biodiversity.
Has been working in the different Brazilian biomes for 30 years, always partnering with companies, public institutions and the third sector, aiming to influence public policies and seeking to raise awareness about how much quality of life, economic activity and development depend on well-preserved natural areas and the conservation of biodiversity.
The organization’s capacity for innovation and creativity combined with scientific knowledge and a deep understanding of the importance of biodiversity conservation, align the SPVS projects with the current issues that directly affect production activities, the lives of people and business sustainability.
The mission of SPVS is to work for nature conservation, through the protection of native areas, environmental education actions and the development of models for the rational use of natural resources.
describe what is the most unique and the most challenging about the conservation/GIS work that you do:
The Araucaria Forest, or Mixed Ombrophilous Forest (MOF), is an ecosystem within the Brazilian Atlantic Forest biome, one of the world’s 25 hotspots in terms of biodiversity and endemism (Galindo-Leal et al. 2003). The Atlantic Forest generally speaking, is found in the coastal regions of Brazil where it originally occupied roughly 1,300,000 km², or 15% of Brazilian territory, this area has been drastically reduced to a mere 5 to 8% of the original vegetation cover (Zaú et al. 1998, Hirota, 2003 and SOS Mata Atlântica 2009).
The description of the Araucaria Forest provided here aims to set the context for the reader to grasp the biological importance of this ecosystem and its critical state of degradation. Data from the earlier part of this decade showed that at that time only 0.8% of this ecosystem was well-conserved (Fupef, 2001), this fact contributed to the chosen course of action for the Avoided Deforestation Program (described) as a conservation strategy for the last remnants.
Its phytogeographic boundary is determined naturally by the presence of the Araucaria angustifolia or Paraná pine, which is considered the characteristic species of this formation.
This formation is limited to a region with a subtropical pluvial climate below the Tropic of Capricorn, at altitudes that range from 500 to 1,200 meters. It is most prevalent in Brazil in the states of Paraná, Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul; with fragmented areas in the states of São Paulo and Minas Gerais at the higher altitudes of Serra da Mantiqueira and its ramifications, as well as the northeastern portion of Argentina, in the Missiones province on the border with SantaCatarina (Hueck, 1953; Veloso et al, 1991).
Of the nearly 200,000 km2 that it occupied originally (Hueck, 1972;Maack, 1968; FUPEF, 2001), over 40% was in Paraná. Santa Catarina had the second greatest occurrence of this ecosystem, there Araucaria Forests once covered over 60% of the state’s territory.
The destruction of the original forest cover of the Araucaria Forest would naturally endanger the preservation of the species in this formation. According to the official species status list for the State of Paraná, at least 78 species are threatened to some degree; this is based on data from 1995, which is considered slightly outdated. Among the many Flora species of the Mixed Ombrophilous Forest facing some degree of extinction, there is: araucaria (Araucaria angustifolia), xaxim-bugio (Dicksonia sellowiana), Brazilian walnut (Ocotea porosa), canela sassafrás (Ocotea odorifera) canela-preta (Ocotea catharinensis), it is important to note that all of these species are on the list as a result of excessive exploitation.
The Araucaria Forest is home to an enormous diversity of animals. The birds alone add up to over 250 species, the equivalent to at least 15% of the total native species for Brazil.
The Araucaria is considered essential to the preservation of many fauna species, like the brown capuchin (macaco-prego; Cebus sp.), the brown howler monkey (bugio-ruivo; Alouatta guariba), the southern muriqui (monocarvoeiro; Brachyteles arachnoides) and birds like the vinaceous amazon parrot (Amazona vinacea), because of its seeds (pinhões) which are their main source of food during the cold months, a time when animals need more caloric foods.
The cycle of the pinhão stimulates a complex food chain; some animal species are able to reach the crowns of the trees and can open, husk and pick the seed cones (pinhas). On the ground, species like the collared peccary (cateto; Pecari tajacu), the white-lipped peccary (queixadas; Tayassu pecari), opossum (gambás; Didelphis sp.), deer (Mazama sp.), quatis (Nasua nasua), pacas (Cuniculus paca) and cutias (Dasyprocta azarae) eat the fallen pinhas and seeds dropped by the other animals. Finally what remains of the pinhões is transformed into a source of food for ants, slugs, flies and beetles. Indirectly, other animals are benefited by the cycle ofthepinhão. With the increase in the number of species in the forest in search of food, there are more hunting opportunities for jaguars (Panthera onça), pumas (Puma concolor), oncillas (gatos-do-mato; Leopardus tigrinus), lizards and snakes.
The importance of preserving the forest is reflected in the high endemism of the different animal classes. Among the mammals, 39% are endemic to this formation, the same occurs with the majority of the butterflies, reptiles, amphibians and birds. The majority of all of the species observed are endangered to some degree, and this situation is due principally to the extreme reduction in habitat that continues occurring.
The evaluation of the main lists of endangered species (National List of Brazilian Fauna Species Endangered with Extinction, MMA, 2003; IUCN Red List, 2004; List of Endangered Fauna Species in Paraná -2004) indicate that at least eleven fauna species from the Araucaria Forest are under some level of threat.
Among them we highlight the neo-tropical otter (Lontra longicaudis), the small cat (jaguatirica; Leopardus pardalis), oncillas (gato-do-matopequeno; Leopardus tigrinus), the vinaceous amazon parrot (Amazona vinacea), the azure jay (gralha-azul; Cyanocorax caeruleus), the black hawk-eagle (Spyzaetus tyrannus), the brown howler monkey (Alouatta guariba) and the southern muriqui (Brachyteles arachnoides). Paraná is the southern distribution boundary for the muriqui, which is considered one of the 35 most endangered mammal species in the world.
The main economic cycles in the southern region of Brazil have been closely tied to the extraction of forest products, especially in the State of Paraná. These cycles drove social and technological development in the region and lasted for long periods, such as the erva-mate cycle and the paraná pine cycle (the wood obtained from the araucarias).
At the end of the 1930s, a new pattern of territorial occupation began in Paraná in the southwestern and western regions by migrants from the states of Rio Grande do Sul and especially Santa Catarina, who moved to small properties working with polycultures, predominantly cereals and oils, as well as pig farming. Thus, by the 1960s, the entire region was occupied.
The colonization of the southern states of Brazil and the economic cycles based mainly on extractivism, and later by intensive agriculture, has had a direct influence on the loss of Araucaria Forests and Natural Grasslands. This process has led to the scenario we see today of mere fragments of this forest typology in a good state of conservation, with less than 0.8% of the original total for the State of Paraná (FUPEF, 2001). However, to this day, the importance of the Araucaria in the history, culture, habits and arts of the people of Paraná is undeniable.
Assessments of the various ecosystems around the planet show thatthe Araucaria Forest is one of the formations with the greatest diversity worldwide and it is also among the most endangered (Dinerstein et al. 1995; Biodiversity Support Program, 1995; Cemex & Conservation International, 1999).
Studies on the loss of forest cover (considering the Araucaria Forest, the Atlantic Forest and the Subtropical Semideciduous Forest from Paraná River), up until 1960, are all based on estimates carried out by Reinhard Maack, a geographer who created one of the most detailed and precise reports on the physical and biological characteristics of Paraná. Gubert Filho (1988), based on data from Dillewijn (1966) and Maack (1968), made some projections about the evolution of the forest remnants in the state. Using the year 1890 as the starting point for his analysis of the original cover, it is estimated that over a period of roughly 100 years, this cover had been reduced to approximately 7% of its original cover (see chart below), with the greatest devastation occurring from 1950 to 1965.
In less than 80 years Paraná had its forest cover reduced to nearly 8% of its original cover.
In 1984, a survey conducted by IBDF (the Brazilian Institute of Forest Development, later transformed into IBAMA) recorded only 3.7% of the original cover of Araucaria Forest in Paraná, of which only 0.6% was made up of untouched areas. In 2001, a study carried out by FUPEF (Foundation for Forestry Research in Paraná), based on satellite images from 1998, found that practically no remnants of this typology exist with the original characteristics, and only 0.8 % (nearly 661 km2 or 66,000 hectares) of this typology remain in an advanced stage of succession in the state.
The last tracts of well-preserved Araucaria Forest are now limited to a few hundred small and medium-sized private properties that are under constant pressure to adapt to the conventional models of development. The owners end up using the forest resources to meet their immediate needs, without envisioning possibilities other than direct economic benefits over the medium and long-term.
The Natural Grasslands also suffer from intense human pressure, which irreversibly change the rural ecosystem, leading to the loss of biodiversity and altering the balance of the water cycle. There are also changes in the landscape which have a profound effect on the potential for regional ecotourism. Illegal burning practiced annually, the expansion of soy plantations and the uncontrolled proliferation of exotic invasive species, like pine, brachiaria grass and molasses grass, among others, are the problems that most affect the natural Grasslands at this time (SOS Mata Atlântica, 2005).
In short, the few remaining fragments of the ecosystem continue facing threats from illegal extraction of wood, illegal burning, substitution of the native forest cover with commercial crops, urban pressure and land occupation by social movements.
This entire process contributes to the disappearance of the lush forest, with its majestic trees and its rich flora and fauna. The fragmentation of the forest causes the interruption of the gene flow, which results in the reduction and isolation of wild populations, causing a loss of biodiversity and species extinction.
A considerable number of actions are being carried out by governmental and non-governmental groups and institutions for conserving the biodiversity of the Araucaria Forest. However, many of these are very specific with limited funding and in the majority of cases this interferes with the continuity of the work. Various actions combine environmental and social aspects, aiming to improve the economic structure of the families or communities that live near or within the natural areas; these projects do not usually focus strictly on the protection of the natural heritage found in the Mixed Ombrophilous Forest and Natural Grasslands, with the exception of some Private Natural Heritage Reserves and other public conservation units that were created recently.
Based on the information presented on the threats to the Araucaria Forest, the need becomes evident for a coordinated action capable of joining forces to preserve biodiversity. Recovery from the endangered species status depends on efficient strategies and emergency measures that prioritize the conservation of well-preserved remnants of Atlantic Forest, for the natural or managed conservation of these species.
Olga Ilina, Russia
Organization name: Karelian Regional Non-governmental Organization “Northern Environmental Coalition” (Karelian Regional Nature Conservancy SPOK - KRNC SPOK)
*-Organization full street address (in your local format): 186026 Petrozavodsk, Karelskiy prospekt, 16-31
*-Organization full mailing address, if different:
*-Work phone with country and area code: +79602151166
*-Work fax with country and area code:
*-Main email: firstname.lastname@example.org
*-Organization Web site URL if any: http://spok-karelia.ru/
I'm member (and recently leader) of regional Karelian nature-protection NGO in Russia. Now that I'm a leader of organization and my main task is to promote nature-protection task in interaction with other stakeholders (governmental bodies, forest business, local people and others). I and my colleague Elena are responsible for biological part of SPOK's work, GIS and interaction with stakeholders. We are quite active for almost 20 years in field of protection primeval forest in our region. We work together with other Russian NGOs (Greenpeace, WWF, Transparent World and some regional ones). GIS is important tool which help to interact about nature protection effectively. I want to improve my GIS level and this should help me and my organization go further to protect Karelian primeval forest and make forest-use more sustanible.
describe what is the most unique and the most challenging about the conservation/GIS work that you do: I suppose that most unique thing is that we are not only activist we are also professional biologist (not only biologist) that collect, produce and implement data in forest protection. Usually scientific organization only produce data, but not implement. We work much with many stakeholders and try to find ways and decisions suitable for all sides. Such kind of decisions have better chance to become reality. We not only make suggesting, we implement them in practice and verify in field with stakeholders.
Also challenge is that scientific data is not available and applicable for nature use, and we try to move this situation to create free access and applicable data which will help to protect nature and make forest use more sustainable. Also we try to make forest values and forest use more understandable for people. Maps with free access help a lot in this. Also important to make actual maps and we try to track changes and renovate our maps regularly. It helps to show changes in understandable way. I can say that challenge is that we should be very well educated and experienced in different direction, in GIS also. Only in this case we can get reliable reputation to taking into account in decision making according nature use. Also it is necessary to do a lot of work with limited time and other resources. Other challenges are connected with low value of nature and miss of governmental tasks to protect nature. Usually officials are not personally active to protect nature, they just do what are in plans (but plans is quite poor).
describe the work that your current organization does: Karelia (Karelian Republic) is subject of Russian Federation in the North-West, it border with Finland. SPOK is abbreviation from “Northern Environmental Coalition” in Russian. SPOK is NGO, Karelian Regional Nature Conservancy. We are not department of any organization. But I can't say that we are grass-root organization, cause nature protection ideas still are not so popular. We are coalition of biologist and some others who understand values of wild nature and want to work to protect it. The aim of SPOK is to be ministerial to find out, conserve valuable forests and stable forestry in Karelia. Forest is main ecosystem in Karelia, which contain rivers, lakes, mires and swaps. So if we can protect enough forest we will protect great part of nature. Also main threats in Karelia is logging. So that is why we work particular with forest.
SPOK work from 1996. It start as students group and later become an NGO.
During these period SPOK work both as part of common Russian nature-protection NGO movement and itself work to find out low-disturbed forests and to protect them. Organization reached agreements with the largest renters of forests for a moratorium on commercial exploitation of the primeval taiga. Nowadays more than 100 000 of ha of low-disturbed forests in Karelia are being saved according moratoriums.
Under the guidance of SPOK practically all low-disturbed forests are included in the scheduled protected areas (PAs) in Karelia according to the regional land-use planning scheme. SPOK took part in the preparation of argumentation for creating several regional PAs (both federal national park "Ladoga's skerries" and regional "Voinitsa", "Karbozerskoe-Vargachnoe" and others. They all are situated in Karelia).
With a Ministry of forests in Karelia and pulp and paper factories “SPOK” prepared “Methodic recommendations for saving biological variety during cutting operations in the republic of Karelia” , which have become among the first regional methods in Russia to save biological variety during cutting operations.
We work much both with Russian NGOs (Greenpeace, WWF, Transparent World) and with foreign (mainly Scandinavian, but not only - Finnish Society for Nature Conservation, Finnish Nature League, Swedish Society for Nature Conservation, Protect The Forest, Taiga Rescue Network and others). Also we work with Russian and foreign scientific organizations in nature protection projects and doing analytic work (http://www.transparentworld.ru/ru/environment/oopt/regional/gap/, http://www.metla.fi/julkaisut/workingpapers/2006/mwp022-en.htm http://www.metla.fi/julkaisut/workingpapers/2007/mwp056-en.htm, http://www.metla.fi/julkaisut/workingpapers/2008/mwp087-en.htm and others).
Big part of our GIS work is to prepare maps and other analytic documents about nature use and protection. It is very important because in Karelia (and Russia at all) there is a big gap in such kind information available for public. Using GIS we prepare maps of valuable nature areas, planed and existing PAs, forest rent, ecotrails, maps for new PAs substantiations and many others (http://spok-karelia.ru/?id=3&lang=1, http://spok-karelia.ru/c/medialog/maps/, http://spok-karelia.ru/uploads/f162.pdf)
Organization name: Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) – Cambodia Program
*-Organization full street address (in your local format): House 21, Street 21, Sangkat Tonle Bassac, Khan Chamkamorn, Phnom Penh
*-Organization full mailing address, if different: P.O. Box 1620
*-Country: Kingdom of Cambodia
*-Work phone with country and area code: +85523219443
*-Work fax with country and area code: +85523217205
*-Main email: email@example.com
*-Organization Web site URL if any: http://www.wcs.org/our-work/regions/mekong
history of your personal work in conservation and GIS:
I have been working as a GIS Technician for Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) since 2008 while I did my bachelor degree thesis writing. This is the only organization which I working for since I started my GIS career. I have been grown from a junior GIS officer for Northern Plains Landscape of Cambodia to be a GIS Analyst and then become a manager of GIS Team for the program. I am really ambitious to make this team the strongest GIS Team of WCS regional programs by building the capacity and improve efficiency of the team members. I also provide training to GIS teams for other WCS programmes, including Lao PDR and Myanmar.
work that your current organization does:
Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) is a world leader in on-the-ground wildlife conservation, currently overseeing more than 320 projects in 60 countries of 15 priority regions, home to more than 50% of the world’s biodiversity. Our Mission is “WCS saves wildlife and wild places worldwide through science, conservation action, education, and inspiring people to value nature”. Our Vision is “WCS envisions a world where wildlife thrives in healthy lands and seas, valued by societies that embrace and benefit from the diversity and integrity of life on earth”. WCS Cambodia has been working in Cambodia since 1999, and works across seven main sites in three landscapes: the Northern Plains, the Tonle Sap Floodplains and the Eastern Plains. WCS Cambodia working counterpart with Royal Government of Cambodia by having Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with two particular ministries: Ministry of Environment and Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fishery. WCS has been providing financial and technical support these two ministries to manage protected areas, undertake applied research, and incentivize communities to conserve wildlife and their habitats. With the values of scientific integrity, service, efficiency, and innovation, the GIS program of WCS Cambodia seeks to provide land information in support of WCS Cambodia’s objectives. I am responding on leading and managing GIS Team which composed of eight staff. I do quality assurance, quality control and efficiency of GIS Team. I provide technical support on Spatial Analysis, Land-use Monitoring, Cartography, Landscape Management and Planning, Biodiversity Database Management, and GIS and Remote Sensing Training. Moreover, I have been using land-use monitoring techniques to manage land-encroachment and leakage of Social Land Concessions (SLC) and Economic Land Concessions (ELC).
what is the most unique and the most challenging about the conservation/GIS work that you do: GIS support is very important for WCS Cambodia. Spatial analysis and cartography techniques which I have been using needed to improve to be a better performance. In Cambodia, only WCS that uses land-use monitoring techniques to manage land-encroachment and leakage of Social Land Concessions (SLC) and Economic Land Concessions (ELC). Getting everyone who needs maps to customize the maps by themselves via online or web-based map making is my obstacle to be solved by this SCGIS scholarship.
Ricardo Sandí Sagot
Organization for tropical studies, Costa Rica
*-Organization full street address (in your local format): Estacion Biológica La Selva, Puerto Viejo de Sarapiquí, Heredia, Costa Rica
*-Organization full mailing address, if different: P.O.BOX:676-2050 san pedro Costa Rica
*-Country: Costa Rica
*-Work phone with country and area code: (506)2766 65 65 ext: 130
*-Work fax with country and area code: (506)2766 65 35
*-Main email: firstname.lastname@example.org
*-Organization Web site URL if any: http://www.ots.ac.cr/
describe the history of your personal work in conservation and GIS: Costa Rica is a small country but has an enormous biodiversity as well as extensive natural resources all over the country these reasons make decline for the environmental sciences, and more accurately for the geographical sciences where I found a world of unlimited opportunities to work with technologies applied to conservation and management of natural resources.
Here the people who does relevant things in conservation are foreigners, once I tough why we have to wait until somebody from abroad have to take care, or put the effort in preserve the national natural resources. In that moment I decided the most efficient way of practicing my career in Costa Rica was dedicating my work to apply and promote geo technologies as the ultimate tool for environmental conservation.
When I found an organization that allows me to apply the environmental research trough GIS was the time of start applying my career in the maximum level, a level that is not easy to achieve but it’s gratifying when you know you’re working in an organization that follows principles that will help the conservation of the country you call home.
The OTS has helped me to achieve the level of experience I want for my career, the conservation projects and educational conservation programs the organization works in, have given me the possibility of enhance my GIS workflows and methodologies applied to conservation.
The conservation in Costa Rica has existed since the 1970’s at that moment where stablish the first national parks and reserves nationwide. The OTS is one of the most well-known organizations in Costa Rica dedicated to conservation non-profit purposes, and La Selva biological station was founded in 1954 by Dr. Leslie Holdridge, for conservation issues the NGO’s has been models for government institutions throughout the time, for these reasons I always wanted to work for a conservation NGO, the private conservation projects have been gaining lots of investors and collaborators in Costa Rica, which turns the scenario of the private biological reserves in an immensely opportunity of apply the GIS in conservation projects all across the country. So the linkage with the conservation GIS and me Is pretty much trough my background and the richness of the natural resources in my country.
describe the work that your current organization does: The Organization for Tropical Studies (OTS) is a nonprofit consortium of nearly sixty universities, colleges, and research institutions from around the world. In the early 1960's, scientists from U.S. universities forged working relationships with colleagues at the Universidad de Costa Rica in the interest of strengthening education and research in tropical biology. Intense interest, both in the U.S. and in Costa Rica, led to the founding of OTS in 1963. OTS was founded to provide leadership in education, research and the responsible use of natural resources in the tropics. To this end, OTS offers intensive field courses for undergraduates, graduate students, and natural resource professionals in tropical biology and related disciplines in Costa Rica and South Africa. OTS maintains research stations in three ecologically diverse ecosystems in Costa Rica.
La Selva Biological Station is located in the Caribbean lowland at the northern base of Braulio Carrillo National Park and recognized internationally as one of the premier sites in the world for ongoing research in lowland rain forests. In particular, work on climate change and its impact on biodiversity in tropical wet forests has become a significant area of study at the station. Available online (ots.cr).La Selva counts with 1600 hectares of protected forest, we receive researchers from all over the world the station registers a year 300 Scientifics, 150 research projects, 100 college’s courses, 140 scientific publications, most likely based on ecology, biology, GIS, conservation, remote sensing and other environmental sciences.
La Selva Staff cooperates with the Sarapiquí communities giving scientific and professional support to public institutions we help them with maps, GIS works, environmental education talks, advice in botanics, and other issues. As well as provide the same kind of help or support to private biological reserves located in our community, besides we impart talks in primary schools about environmental education, natural hazards, and other subjects. In the biological station once a year we promote an open scientific fair day usually held in November, in order to get closer with the community and to spread conservation thoughts through the people.
I would like to mention that at this moment I’m facilitating advise to the Sarapiquí‘s municipality in terms of urban planning, because they do not have professionals with knowledge enough to monitor the environmental or ecological thematic axis in regards to vulnerability of forest, wetlands, rivers, urban growth and other subjects that can affect the conservation of natural resources in the region.
My role in the organization is as a Head of GIS LAB, I’ve been working in La Selva biological station since July 2013, this is a position completely dedicated to GIS knowledge because the main duties are providing support to researchers working at La Selva in a big range of subjects like ecology, land uses, remote sensing, aerial photographs interpretations, mapping, field work, gps data recollection methodologies, providing support in geospatial analysis to stakeholders of the biological station for internal issues. La Selva receives high volume of groups mainly students graduate and undergraduate for diversity of courses, if any of the professors request support in classes or talks I help them out with previous appointment, besides we’re working in our own research projects, the main one at this point is a project called “Riverine Biological Corridors as alternative of Biodiversity Conservation of the Sarapiquí River Basin”. This project begun on June 2014 with a debt exchange fund, in this specific project I’m directing the methodology to select forest patches and viable interconnections between them, as well as generating all the GIS and remote sensing products required for the project’s goals(geospatial analytics, cartography, modeling, digitizing, field work, geodatabases acquisition).I’ve been included in collaboration projects with other non-profit conservation organizations, like TEAM network, Panthera, FUNDECOR, San Juan-La Selva biological corridor, I have contribute to poaching control and monitoring inside the La Selva property, and I’m continuous collaborator of non-profit private biological reserves in the Costa Rican north Atlantic basically in geospatial information support.
describe what is the most unique and the most challenging about the conservation/GIS work that you do: All my life I lived in the city, surrounded by the urban chaos, where the clean rivers doesn’t exists, where there’s no trees, where the silence is just a ghost that somebody saw a long time ago, the city is a living organism created by the human actions, a living organism that in the Costa Rican case is more a living monster, not regulated by the government until a few years ago, becoming in the urban monster I used to live until 19 months ago. At that time my journey through the GIS applied to conservation begun, I start working for one of the most prestigious field stations in the world, and certainly in the tropics, located in a large preserved lowland forest I found a place that showed me the hidden treasures of the rural areas in Costa Rica, places where the natural ecosystems are been threatened by the urban monster in the metropolitan periphery as well as the rapid agricultural border expansion threat in the most far away forests.
The La Selva’s biodiversity is something that words might not be enough to explain, we can register the number of species like 45 fish species, 125 mammals species,48 amphibians species 469 birds species, 57 snakes species, the old growth forest that has never been intervened by the human the crystal clear rivers that born in the Braulio Carrillo national park, because La Selva ends in the border of this national park, which means that this two protected areas are connected from the 2300 meters above sea level finishing in the 43 meters above sea level in the north La Selva limit, these environmental factors transform my work in the perfect opportunity to apply geo-technologies for conservation in tropical lowland rainforests.
For all the scenario I’m describing I consider the most exiting about my work is the opportunity to collaborate with research to understand our natural resources, to contribute against the climate change, to do research in a country that invest almost nothing in conservation or ecology research, for having the chance of process data that is not common in my country, to know people that I consider scientific legends, but the more gratifying from my work is the feeling of doing something that is relevant in order to help the conservation and management of the national natural resources.
The main challenges of mi work are the lack of budget, the uncontrolled urban planning, the insignificant governmental investment in research, and last but not least the expansion of the agricultural border in northern Costa Rica that significates a real time hazard for the protected areas in this region.
In the moment of planning a research project the first point to think about is the budget, the OTS has had a hard time for financial difficulties and deficits in the last 5 years, situation that Is not helping me at the time of acquiring software or equipment for new applications or new research projects I would like to start working on. The urban land use is growing in the rural areas in the northern region, as well as the agricultural border, the deforestation is being a phenomenon not really restricted by government institutions or municipalities there is only one ministry that takes care of that issues and is the “Ministerio de Ambiente y Energia”, certainly for this motives is necessary to stablish periodical monitoring in the land use changes around La Selva and Braulio Carrillo national park becoming in one of the main challenges in conservation in the region I’m working on right now.
Organization name: Institute of experimental botany of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus
*-Organization full street address (in your local format): Akademicheskaya ul 27, Minsk, Minsk region, 220072, Belarus.
*-Organization full mailing address, if different:
*-Work phone with country and area code: +375-17-284-18-51
*-Work fax with country and area code: +375-17-284-18-53
*-Main email: email@example.com
*-Organization Web site URL if any: http://botany-institute.bas-net.by
describe the history of your personal work in conservation and GIS:
In all my professional activities I have participated in the research and the organization of more than 15 protected areas. I have performed work on monitoring forest conditions in Belarus, examination of the status and dynamics of forests in the two national parks (Belovezhskaya Pusha National Park and Narochansky National Park). I participated in a study of vegetation in areas subject to strong anthropogenic influence (roadsides, construction zone, and the territory of industrial enterprises). In all projects listed above I have used GIS analysisto determine the territorial features, identifying spatiotemporal patterns and describing the structure, which allowed a better understanding of the features of the objects. All the projects in which I'm currently participating are associated with using GIS in varying degrees.
describe the work that your current organization does: The Institute of Experimental Botany is a research institution in the structure of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus. Institute of Experimental Botany is the oldest in the country research institution biology. The Institute was founded March 29, 1931 on the basis of the departments of botany, zoology, physiology and experimental biology. The Institute is the leading research establishment coordinatingbotanical, physiological and biochemical research in the country. It is the head of the state program "Problems of sustainable functioning of natural ecosystems, the rational use, reproduction and conservation of biological resources of flora and fauna." The Institute closely collaborates with other research and industrial organizations. The Institute carries out joint projects with local non-governmental organizations and foreign counterparts, the main direction of joint activities - protection of natural areas that are important in transboundary scale. The main activities of the Institute are:
development of adaptive methods of farming;
conservation and efficient use of biological resources;
environmental management technology to ensure the reproduction of plant resources;
technology monitoring and forecasting the state of the environment;
study the physiological and biochemical mechanisms of plant productivity and sustainability;
scientific bases of reproduction, rational use and protection of flora;
methods of environmental monitoring, prediction and prevention of emergency situations of technogenic and natural character. I work at the Institute for nearly 5 years - since 2011. During this time, I participated in more than 20 large and small projects. The circle of my duties is constantly expanding, I went to work at the Institute like a forestry scientist, but at the present time, I also perform the duties of a cartographer, geospatial analyst, and programmer. The main project in which I'm busy at the moment - the development of forest exploitation evaluation module for forest monitoring GIS. I also take part in a number of works on the establishment and transformation of nature protected areas and development of a vegetation map of Belarus.
describe what is the most unique and the most challenging about the conservation/GIS work that you do: Perhaps the most difficult stage of all the projects I've worked with, I would call, the collection, organization and preparation of data. I usually use several sources of information for the preparation of the project - the data of the state forest inventory, data of state registration of land, satellite imagery data and our own field research data. Sometimes it is difficult to properly reconcile all of them with each other due to the different timing of production, differences in projections and detail.
Title of your paper: Usage of GIS in bird conservation in Ukrainian forest zone
Paper shows changes in conservation practice in forests of three forestry companies in Western Polissia of Ukraine after justification of these changes basing on provided data and analysis of distribution of nests and nesting territories of rare bird species – Black Stork (Ciconia nigra). In the analysis, such factors were taken into account: forest logging, level of forest fragmentation, age of forests and prevailing species of trees on breeding plots.
EnVision (Conservation Office) , Japan
*-Organization full street address (in your local format): 5-2 Kita-9 Nishi-4 Kita-ku Sapporo Hokkaido 060-0809 JAPAN
*-Work phone with country and area code: +81(11)-726-3072
*-Work fax with country and area code: +81(11)-726-3072
*-Main email: firstname.lastname@example.org
*-Organization Web site URL if any: http://www.env.gr.jp/
As a young child, I often witnessed wildlife-related traffic accidents as well as the disappearances of groups of raccoon dogs from their nests due to nearby construction works.From experiences like these I started feeling a certain discomfort regarding in the human-wildlife dynamic. I've always loved nature and wild animals, but I consciously started consuming more news about human-wildlife conflicts around this period, realizing that these conflicts occur all around us. I wanted to become an active part of the solution to these sorts of conflicts, which is what made me want participate in conservation efforts.
I then selected a university where I could learn about environmental problems with a focus on involving local people in the conservation process.There I learned biodiversity conservation, wildlife management etc. In my graduation thesis I focused on the conservation of a park located within a national park.This park is located within a national park but wasn't managed by any rules.In spite of the important nature remaining in the area, the local people were not aware of the parks appeal.The Japanese crayfish, which is an endangered species in Japan, came very close to disappearing due to the careless park management who were unaware of the existence of Japanese crayfish in the park. By getting the local people to recognize the existence of the Japanese crayfish. In the park is connected to the conservation of it, in order to achieve this I created a pamphlet with photos of, and information about, the animal along with a map of the park. In order to accomplish this I learned how to used GIS to create an accurate, convincing map.
I've been involved with GIS and environmental conservation for the last 2 years.
I met a lot of people involved with, and with a wide variety of knowledge concerning, environmental conservation. At the same time I felt that not many were aware of GIS, nor its capabilities. Digitalizing, "in-storage" and unused data and making it into valuable data is one of the strong points of GIS. By accumulating and sharing GIS data one is able to create extremely convincing data.These data can then be used to connect people with GIS thus tying in to future environmental conservation. In Japan there are almost no opportunities to learn GIS in English, being able to explain GIS in English enables me to communicate with more people.Being able to receive this scholarship and participate in this training program will greatly help me with my future goals. I hope to be able to use this experience upon returning home by teaching conservation GIS techniques in English to, for example JICA exchange students. I want to contribute to environment conservation as a GIS analyst by connecting people from around the world. This is further helped on by the fact that our organization have connections with a multitude of people and organizations such as, administrative organs, specialists, universities and local communities amongst others.
describe what is the most unique and the most challenging about the conservation/GIS work that you do:
I feel a sense of accomplishment when I'm able to create map which purpose is clear and is in need of little explaining.GIS can help people see and understand things which can't be perceived by the human eye. This is one of the strong points of GIS but also very difficult to accomplish, depending on the design and data used the map'simpression is changed easily. To create an accurate, easy-to-understand map which meets the needs is an important step in spreading knowledge about environmental problems.
EnVision Conservation Office was started as a volunteer group in 1997 and became a non-profit organization in 2004. The main objective of the office is conservation of natural environment. EnVision Conservation Office approaches environmental problems by filling in the gaps in society and building networks between them. We seek new approaches in environmental conservation and develop/suggest the finest preservation strategies to bound people & people, information & information, local & global, people & nature, and the past & the future.
We are mostly active on Hokkaido, the northern-most island of Japan, with a natural environment differing from the main island of Japan boasting a variety of endemic and rare species. As such we operate within a wide variety of environments, some influenced by human activity. Within this varied area that is Hokkaido, we are mostly involved with the increasing damage that the Sika deer are involved with. EnVision Conservation Office employs around 15 employees, not counting the seasonal employees from local communities, universities, NPOs. Recently we’re experiencing an influx in work from outside of Hokkaido.
Furthermore, EnVision engages in international cooperation in the form of supporting JICA (Japan International Cooperation Agency) programs. Every year we accept around 10 people facing biodiversity conservation problems．Not only do we introduce GIS techniques but we also introduce wildlife problems faced in Japan, as well as facilities education using GIS. Our organization are involved in a wide number of activities relating to environmental conservation such as promoting data sharing , environmental education and international cooperation.
This is my second year at this organization. I'm responsible for collecting and maintaining GIS data that is useful for conservation, as well as making that data available for anyone in the office. As such I'm interested in making "easy-to-understand"-maps. I have a lot of opportunity hand in GIS data which is make or edit work with administrative organ. I learn how to create data understandable. In my role at my work place I'm responsible for creating maps that will be of use to a number of parties concerned with conservation.
*-Title of the paper you will present: The relation between seasonal migration and snow depth.
*-Abstract/summary of the paper you will present: Sika deer inhabit Hokkaido. Recently, it has been proven that an increase in population size influence the environment in number of ways. The Ministry of the Environment have fitted a number of Sika deer with GPS collars in a number of locations in Hokkaido, clarifying movement patterns.
Almost all Sika deer move between summer and winter ranges. Seasonal migration patterns are influenced by a number of environmental factors. By choosing satellite images taken around the time at the seasonal migration I hope to. I want to make contribution in regards to the factors determine what influences and conditions exist for these migrations from the point of view of biodiversity conservation.
I am a female Cameroonian and one of the few female members of the Cameroon chapter of SCGIS for over 6 years, with over 7 years of experience on the use and application of GIS in Cameroon and the central Africa sub region. I work for the Cameroon national secretariat for the national REDD+ program under the ministry of Environment, Nature Protection and Sustainable Development with a particular focus on Monitoring, verification and Reporting methodology at the national scale. Part of our work is in charge of overseeing technically all pilot projects in the country undertaken by other partner organizations in the mitigation approach to climate change; such as WWF, WCS, GIZ, CED, CIFOR, PLAN Cameroon and work by many other national and local NGOs.
After my course work in GIS and remote sensing from the Africa Regional Centre for Space Science and Technology in English, I have applied GIS in a wide range of domain including;
⦁ Identification and Pre_analysis of SPOT images for Ngoyla Mintom massive for REDD+ National Coordination (MINEPDED). This is an unpaid activity whereby the government invites or brings together identified individual with basic knowledge for technical assistance.
⦁ Training of Directors, Sub-Directors and Regional Delegates of MINEPDED on change detection using Satellite Images.
Validation of WCMC produced mangrove classifications for the four West African countries of Cameroon, Gabon, Republic of Congo and Democratic Republic of Congo (examples of the mangroves validated work below)
I also contributed to a voluntary mapping of the Mefou National park (Cameroon). This was an ecotourism mapping exercise by the Cameroon chapter of SCGIS. We decided to produce as a contribution to assist the Mefou national park management in their effort towards the protection and conservation of primates in the Mefou national park. Funding for conservation work is sometimes rare out here and the management depends heavily on tourist for the survivor of the park. As a way of providing assistant to this effort, Cameroon chapter of SCGIS in 2012/2013 developed a database after some field data collection and produced a series of ecotourism maps, which we provided to the management of the Mefou national park free of charge.
My organization is the National REDD+ secretariat under the ministry of Environment, Nature Protection and Sustainable Development. We are working with a wide range of panthers, other ministries, funding organizations, INGOs, NGOs and other CSOs for the effective coordination and implementation of a national REDD+ program in Cameroon following the UNFCCC guidelines. I am a member of the MRV team and the application and use of Remote Sensing and GIS in MRV methodology cannot be over- emphasized. We are in charge of developing in collaboration with partners and adopting a national methodology for monitoring of forest carbon stock.
I am a member of the MRV team in charge of ensuring the effective Monitoring, Verification and Reporting of our national REDD+ program. Some of the activities includes but not limited to;
-Participate in all GIS related operations from field preparation, data input, Analysis and final interpretation;
-Collection of GPS points for production of thematic maps;
-Interpretation of Aerial photographs and satellite images;
-Assisting in the elaboration of the second National Communication on Climate Change in Cameroon; (Decision N° 00165/MINEP of 24th July 2009);
-Fully engage in the REDD+ mechanism in Cameroon in the MRV department;
Over the next year, I hope to greatly contribute towards realization of our national REDD+ program. As mentioned above, together with other technical members to undertake forest cover analysis in the national territory of Cameroon. The results of this work will contribute to the establishment of a Cameroon national reference scenario as well as projection scenarios for business as usually and in case of the implementation of the national REDD+ Results from here will great a major different in directing several pilot projects in Cameroon on acceptable methodologies and approaches in the implementation of REDD projects/programs.
I am currently hopping to start up a PHd program and part of this knowledge will be useful for my thesis, which I hope to use GIS to facilitate my research work. Moreover, I am looking forward to providing part-time teaching to students of the forestry school in Mbamayo on the use and application of GIS in forest resources management. This training is going to build my capacity in transferring sucy knowledge gain to these students