Groves, C. R. 2003. Drafting a Conservation Blueprint: a Practitioner’s uide to Planning for Biodiversity

Margules, C. R., and Pressey, R. L., 2000. Systematic Conservation Planning. Nature 405(6783):243-53.

“The GIS History Project”

Pressey, R. L., and M. C. Bottrill. 2009. Approaches to landscape- and seascape-scale conservation planning: convergence, contrasts and challenges.

Steinitz, C. 2012. Esri GeoDesign Summit Presentation, Jan 5th, 2012. GeoDesign. (Video & Transcript)

Chapter 2: Integrating Conservation Planning with Human Communities, Ecosystem Services, and Economics, Kai M. A. Chan PhD; Natalie C. Ban PhD; and Robin Naidoo PhD



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Kai M. A. Chan, PhD;
Postdoctoral Research Associate
Center for Conservation Biology
Stanford University, CA

Natalie C. Ban, PhD;
Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence
for Coral Reef Studies
James Cook University
Research fellow at James Cook University

Robin Naidoo, PhD
Conservation Science Program, WWF-US
tel: 202 290 0874

BOOK EXCERPT: People are the cause of conservation problems and are fundamental to every conservation solution. Social, economic, and political considerations (hereafter simply “social considerations”) are therefore crucial to the success of conservation initiatives (Polasky 2008; Claus et al. 2010). People are also independently important, for moral reasons (Chan and Satterfield forthcoming) and because the treatment of people affects perceptions of conservation - both individual projects and the larger enterprise. Despite acknowledgement of the importance of such social considerations, conservation planning theory and practice - like much of conservation generally - has been much more focused on ecological considerations than social ones (Knight et al. 2006). Accordingly, much guidance is available for conservation planners on incorporating ecological considerations into conservation planning (see all other chapters in this book), but little guidance exists for incorporating social considerations... Although the complexity of ecosystems demands considerable attention, the comparative inattention to social factors can be blamed partly for the relatively few and modest impacts that conservation plans have had on conservation on the ground (Knight et al. 2006, Knight et al. 2008). If we assume that the principal purpose of conservation planning is to yield effective protection of ecosystems and their biodiversity, the so-called planning-implementation gap represents missed opportunities or poor allocation of scarce conservation resources. More fully incorporating social considerations into the conservation planning process should improve implementation success by fostering both better plans and better implementation of appropriate plans (Knight et al. 2006)....Increasingly, conservation planners are realizing the importance of social considerations, and particularly of stakeholder involvement. The result is an expansion of conservation-planning approaches. Systematic conservation planning initially was focused mainly on providing a transparent process by which habitat protection would ensure representation of key biodiversity features (species, subspecies, and biological communities) in reserve networks (Margules and Pressey 2000). More recently, Pressey and Bottrill (2009) proposed five additional steps, most of which concern the social, economic, and political context for planning...In this chapter, we have discussed several avenues by which conservation planning can be more attentive to the needs and interests of people: social context analysis, participatory processes, ecosystem service analysis, and inclusion of economic costs in reserve design. Comprehensive involvement of people can make conservation networks possible, effective, and efficient, and such processes can win new allies and partners for conservation.


PPgis.Net - participatory uses of geo-spatial information systems in developing countries

Web-PPGIS Usability and Public Engagement: A Case Study in Canmore, Alberta, Canada STAKEHOLDER MAPS (click to pan/wheel to zoom, 'view larger' to open full map viewer)

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PADUS - Citizen Science Editable: (View Larger) Protected Areas US database with demonstration of feature editing templates designed for citizen stakeholder scenarios such as: Stakeholder inputs on park boundaries, buffer areas and surrounding land uses. The Protected Areas Database of the United States (PAD-US) is a national geodatabase, created by USGS-GAP, that represents public land ownership and conservation lands, including voluntarily provided privately protected areas.



Tonle Sap Biodiversity and Fish Sanctuary Conservation: Program started 2008 which initiated by CI in order to provide food security and healthy ecosystem and human well-being. Project was engaging local people to protected thier natural resource which collaboration with Fishry Administration of Cambodia.



Citizen Requests-from Data Collxn Playground: The Citizen Requests map includes a data collection schema for crowd sourcing of observations within a local community. The schema includes a single map layer titled "Citizen Requests" that can be used to capture an observation type, record the date/time of the observation, provide comments and contact details and attach photos/videos of the observation. You can download the Citizen Requests map package and create your own feature service using ArcGIS Server.

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0 - Home Page
3-Scale & Time
4-Land Cover
5-Land Use
6-Focal Species
7-Habitats: Terrestrial
8-Habitats: Marine/Aq
9-Habitat Cores
11-Viability Analysis
13-Climate Change
14-Processes & Tools