ESRI Conservation Program Resources:

Cultural Resources & Historic Preservation Page 1

(ECP and CTSP members, sites of interest for mapping/GIS, scholarly papers and ESRI Conference Proceedings, and sites with public conservation and GIS data for downloading) (Under Construction)

Sites of interest for mapping/GIS

(Legend: CTSP sites are coded "c" plus the year of the grant, (cs=software, cm=mac), ECP grantees are coded "e". Many groups, especially newer grantees, do not yet have their own sites and are colored green. Other new groups may be described or supported by other sites)

The California Historical Resources Information System . (Coordinator: Mr. William C. Seidel, Staff Archeologist, Tel 916-653-9125 bseid@ohp.parks . GIS Contact: Doug Mende "The California Historical Resources Information System is comprised of eleven Information Centers spread throughout the state under contract with OHP to: Integrate newly recorded sites and information on known resources into the California Historical Resources Inventory Furnish information on known resources and surveys to government, institutions, and individuals who have a justifiable need to know; and Supply a list of consultants who are qualified to do work within their area. "

Getty Conservation Institute, Ca e99 . (1200 Getty Center Drive Suite 700, Los Angeles CA 90049 tel:310-440-6252 Gis Contact: Gaetano Palumbo "The GCI Information Center currently estimates holdings of 25,000 volumes and offers a comprehensive selection of information in the areas of conservation and preservation, applied science and technology, pure sciences, and general works.". .Museum Conservation Links .

GIS Resources for Cultural Heritage Documentation : (by Roberta Hardy, The University of Michigan Department of Landscape Architecture, East Lansing, MI, 48824, General tel: (517) 355-1855, Includes: Free Downloadable Data, Searchable Databases, Data for Sale, Free GIS Software, Online GIS, Other GIS Indexes

Newtown Historic Association, Pa c98 . (Newtown Historic Association, Inc., P.O. Box 303, Centre Avenue and Court, Newtown, Pennsylvania 18940 USA tel:215-968-4004 fax:215-968-8925 Gis contact: Mr. David Callahan "The Newtown Historic Association is a non-profit organization with approximately 220 members and over three decades of experience in preserving local cultural resources in Newtown Township and Newtown Borough, Pennsylvania. We have led many efforts to preserve our local heritage through restoration and preservation projects and through participation in municipal planning and development decisions...Our proposed geographic information system will help inventory and analyze cultural, historical, and environmental resources in Newtown Township and Newtown Borough, Bucks County, Pennsylvania. The proposed project will combine local historical research with recent environmental studies, integrating the historical information with the current data. In short, the project attempts to link information about a defined area to digitized maps, illustrating that information over a period of approximately 300 years. The goal is to create a computerized model of the life processes that have sustained the community over time. "

The National Trust for Historic Preservation .(1785 Massachusetts Ave, NW Washington, DC 20036 1-800-944-6847 or 202-588-6000) "As a leader of the national preservation movement, it is committed to saving America's diverse historic environments and to preserving and revitalizing the livability of communities nationwide." Historic Sites page is a virtual visit for some of their properties.

National Archaeological Database (NADA) Maps . (Center For Advanced Spatial Technologies, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas 72701 General Tel: 501-575-2000 "The Center For Advanced Spatial Technologies hosts the NADB Online System under a cooperative agreement with the National Park Service. CAST is also responsible for its operation, data uploads, user support, and the addition of new features as funding permits. "

National Park Service Cultural Resources Mapping and GIS dept. (CRGIS, Heritage Preservation Services, National Park Service, 1849 C Street NW, NC330, Washington, D.C. 20240; Contact: John Buckler (202) 343-3936 . OR . Deidre McCarthy at (202) 343-9548; . fax (202) 343-3921 ) "The National Park Service's Cultural Resources Geographic Information Systems (CRGIS) facility uses advanced computer and satellite technologies to enable Federal, state and local agencies, tribal governments, and community organizations to access, exchange, and distribute accurate information on the location, status, and condition of cultural resources. " Projects include Mapping America's Battlefields, Cultural Resources Work Group, and MAPIT: "The Mapping and Preservation Inventory Tool (MAPIT) is a National Park Service (NPS) adaptation of the popular Geographic Information System (GIS) software package, ArcView. MAPIT is designed to organize historic resource inventories in a computerized database with sophisticated mapping capabilities, and combines information about where historic properties are located with information about how these properties look. MAPIT can display inventory information as a map, chart, or table. Through a linked database MAPIT can also generate standard survey forms, National Register of Historic Places nomination forms, and other forms used by preservationists--all in a computerized environment. This information can be distributed in hard copy, diskette, via a modem, or over the Internet. " Don't miss their PAPERS & REPORTS section .

Organization of World Heritage Cities (OWHC) . Urbavista Project . "The system is expected to enable each city to develop its own database and make it accessible to everyone for the purpose of management, research, promotion and education."

South Carolina Institute of Archaeology and Anthropology . (1321 Pendleton Street Columbia, SC 29208, gen'l tel;(803) 777-8170 (803) 254-1338 (fax) GIS section: (803)799-1963, (803)777-8170 GIS Contact: Christopher Clement) . "The South Carolina Institute of Archaeology and Anthropology (SCIAA) was established in 1963 as a University of South Carolina research institute and a State cultural resource management agency. As the latter, it serves as the main State agency concerned with South Carolina's Prehistoric and Historic Archaeology, and its discovery, study, revelation, and official safekeeping at a curatorial facility...The Cultural Resources Consulting Division conducts archaeological GIS work on local, state and National Park Service projects using ArcInfo and ArcView."

Scholarly papers and ESRI Conference Proceedings

(Legend: ESRI User Conference Papers list the title, then in parentheses "paper" or "abstract" plus the year. Other web-located papers list title, author if known, and excerpt.)

From Paper File to Digital Database...(NPS Cultural Resource Mapping Services, Heritage Preservation Services, National Park Service, 1849 C Street NW, NC330, Washington DC 20240 Contact: Kathleen Madigan at (202) 343-9516; fax (202) 343-3921 e-mail: ) . "The National Historic Preservation Act of 1966 established a clear identity and mission for historic preservation in the United States, stating that, “the spirit and direction of the Nation are founded upon and reflected in its historic heritage” (NHPA Sec.1(b)(1)...There are 5 million historic properties and 500,000 survey reports included on SHPO statewide inventories. During the past seventeen years the Historic Preservation Fund (HPF) has invested over $156 million to conduct historical and archeological surveys resulting in the addition of 1.8 million historic properties to SHPO inventories. Each year more than 100,000 additional historic properties are added to SHPO inventories...The goal of this proposal is straightforward. By the year 2003, all 5 million historic properties and all 500,000 survey data will be within a computer database and in a GIS. "

GIS as a Cultural Preservation Tool in Shenandoah National Park (by Dan Hurlbert ) " Initially the GIS program at Shenandoah National Park became involved with cultural resource studies in the Corbin, Weakley and Nicholson Hollows to document locations of historic homesites before these relics of past civilization deteriorated beyond recognition.... Historic homesites in the Nicholson, Corbin and Weakley Hollows were first identified from USGS quadrangle maps (1929), court records and aerial photography (National Archives, 1937). Using this information, 77 sites were located on the ground by investigators prior to GPS field activity. At each location a grid was laid out in preparation for surficial archeological mapping. A bearing shot off a corner stake provided the base line for developing a site grid. Each stake location was then mapped using a Trimble Pro-XR, GPS unit. Each cell in its respective site grid was assigned a unique identifier. This identifier provides the link between data stored in the RDBMS, "what was mapped" and its spatial counterpart, "where it was mapped". This allows researchers to reconstruct in GIS the locations of relic data collected within each site grid cell and analyze the relationships between sites in the study area....This winters (1997-98) field activity included maps with previous seasons (1996-97) homesite data overlaid with 1937 landuse. All data layers were carried into the field on a laptop computer. Hardware and software upgrades further enhanced field study efforts. The laptop is equipped with Trimble's Aspen software. Aspen software is the interface between the GPS receiver and the laptop PC. This allows investigators to view in real-time their location on background maps. This integration of technologies provides the capability to navigate to homesites that to date remain elusive and further document the historic mountain culture. An Olympus D-300L (resolution of 1024 X 768 pixels) digital camera was used to photo-document stone masonry at selected sites. Digital images are stored as a record in the database and linked to GPS points in ArcView, a PC based GIS application. ArcView allows viewing of GIS map layers and associated imagery as well as database query and analysis capability. This allows investigators the opportunity to "revisit" a site from their desktop. "

GIS as a Decision Making Tool within the General Management Plan of Palo Alto Battlefield National Historic Site (1995 Abstract, Brian Carlstrom) ...The primary use of GIS was to evaluate resource characteristics to formulate a management zoning map. The management zoning map was developed from three analytic components: sensitive cultural resource areas, sensitive natural resource areas, and a site suitability model for the developed component of the park.

Geographic Information Systems for World Heritage Preservation (Roberta Hardy, The University of Michigan Department of Landscape Architecture, Master's Practicum Report, August 31, 1997 email: ) "An analysis is made of the usefulness of a Geographic Information System (GIS) in the management and documentation of World Heritage sites, sites of "outstanding universal significance" protected under international treaty (the World Heritage Convention). The analysis was the result of a summer internship at the International Council of Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) headquarters in Paris, France. The roles of ICOMOS, the UNESCO World Heritage Center, and States Parties to the World Heritage Convention are discussed, with an in-depth description of the ICOMOS Documentation Center and its mission of cultural heritage preservation. "

GIS in State Historic Preservation Offices (1996 Abstract, Scott Oglesby)..."Since 1966, State Historic Preservation Offices(SHPOs) have been helping to preserve historic buildings, sites, structures, districts, and landscapes by identifying and recording them. This nation-wide effort has resulted in a inventory of over 4,000,000 sites.... In the case of Virginia, a GIS is being implemented to provide the platform for input, manipulation, analysis, and output of spatial data, while a relational database management system is being used to enter and maintain attribute data. Therefore, it was necessary to develop a GIS application capable of integrating the two. The purpose of this paper/demonstration is to show how a application was developed in ArcView, through Avenue programming, to create a synergy between the GIS data and the RDBMS."

Mapping History Using GIS, .(Cultural Resource Mapping Services, Heritage Preservation Services, National Park Service, 1849 C Street NW, NC330, Washington DC 20240 Contact: John Knoerl, Phd at (202) 343-9516; fax (202) 343-3921 e-mail: ) "The power of maps to convey information to historians and decision-makers is just as apparent today as it was during Jackson’s time. Historical maps tell us how an area developed; they identify where historic events took place, and sometimes even the character of the landscape. Modern maps when used with historic maps help historians decide where to survey for historic or archeological resources or create historic easements....Use of GIS by preservation professionals is just beginning to occur. Several State Historic Preservation Offices (SHPO), as well as local community organizations are actively building GIS databases in coordination with partner agencies. "

Using Geographical Information Systems in Archaeological Surveys . (International Institute, University of Arkansas, 300 Hotz Hall, Fayetteville, Arkansas 72701 Tel: (501) 575-6857 Fax: (501) 575-5055 Contact: Phil Serafini, "Rebuilding infrastructure in developing nations carries the potential for destruction of sites of historic or archeological interest. ...Keeping track of existing sites and cataloging data on new ones is a major task in historic and archeological preservation. A method for using Geographical Information Systems (GIS) for archeological surveying and database management was recently implemented at the University of Arkansas. This method could be applied in countries that possess valuable archeological and historic resources. "

Using Geographical Information Systems with Historic Roads . (NPS Cultural Resource Mapping Services, Heritage Preservation Services, National Park Service, 1849 C Street NW, NC330, Washington DC 20240 Contact: Deidre McCarthy at (202) 343-9548; ) "Increasingly, Geographic Information Systems(GIS) offer new ways to approach cultural resource management, preservation planning, and documentation of resources....The Colonial Parkway, running from Jamestown, Virginia through Colonial Williamsburg and ending in Yorktown, Virginia, is a good example of how GIS can be used to manage resources both within a National Park, and adjacent to a parkway....The use of GIS technology for complicated, segmented, and wide-ranging resources such as historic roads, will be an important tool in the future. The Colonial Parkway project, created using ArcView GIS, by Environmental Systems Research Institute (ESRI), offers many more applications than described here, including the ability to create charts and graphs, manipulate data based on spatial features, perform statistical analysis, and generate paper maps from the various data sources within the GIS."


All text by the respective organizations/authors, January 2, 1997

Web layout & design: Charles Convis, ESRI, January 2, 1996

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