ESRI Conservation Program Resources:

GIS Data Sources

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General Sources
US Govt Agency Sources
Papers on Data, Data Access and the Web

General Sources

Sites with public conservation and GIS data for downloading

California Environmental Resources Evaluation System Maps and Spatial Data . cd

California State Lands Commission Online GIS Data . cd

KLAMATH GIS PROJECT . cd

USGS San Francisco Bay Area Regional Database (BARD) . cd

USGS San Francisco Bay Area Regional Database (BARD) 30m DEM . cd

USGS San Francisco Bay Area Regional Database (BARD) Digital Orthophoto Quads . cd

UC Santa Cruz Data Library download files . cd

ArcData Online allows you to browse a world of geographic data to create live maps of your areas of interest. ESRI has assembled a variety of GIS data sets offered through our ArcData program and published them on the Web for your free access.

African Data Distribution Service .(USGS EROS Data Center, Sioux Falls, SD 57198, Tel: 605 594 6107/6117, Fax: 605 594 6119, Email: edcweb@edc.usgs.gov ) Continental and country data for Africa in 3 categories: Satellite/Image Data, Digital Map Data and Tabular Data/Statistics .

NBS Interagency Taxonomic Information System :A standard reference on nomenclature and taxonomy of plants and animals.

NBS Non-indigenous Aquatic Species Program :A national information resource for accurate and spatially referenced biogeographic accounts of non-indigenous aquatic species.

Selected Nature Conservancy Scientific Data Sets .(Downloadable lists of taxonomic and conservation status information for the United States): Amphibians of the United States, Birds of the United States, Freshwater Fish of the United States (Coming Soon), Mammals of the United States, Reptiles of the United States.

Alaska Geospatial Data Clearinghouse . (Alaska Geographic Data Committee 4230 University Drive Anchorage, AK 99508-4664 mailto:webmaster@agdc.wr.usgs.gov ) "This prototype Alaska Geospatial Data Clearinghouse is being developed and maintained at the USGS EROS Alaska Field Office. " Links provides links to other sources of alaska data . Datasets include dozens of downloadable spatial data sets and metadata in Arc Export, Shapefile and GIF format .

American Wildlands Data Sources Links Pages . (40 East Main Street, Suite #2, Bozeman, MT 59715, Phone: (406) 586-8175 Fax: (406) 586-8242, Email: webmail@wildlands.org )

California Energy and Related Maps . (Terry Rose, California Energy Commision , Phone: 916-654-3902 , e-mail trose@energy.state.ca.us , Fax: 916-654-5117 ) . Maps include Climate Zones, Wind Resource Areas

California State Lands Commission. (100 Howe Ave Suite 100 South Sacramento, CA 95825-8202 FAX (916) 574-1810 )"The Commission is assisted by a staff of more than 200 specialists in mineral resources, land management, boundary determination, petroleum engineering and the natural sciences.". . . Public GIS Data/Software Download Site: Many coastal and aquatic datasets in Biological Geography, Physical Geography, Economic Geography, Cultural Geography, etc. Don't miss: California Shipwreck Database! "Scanned versions of the USGS 71/2 minute quadrangles for California are online for public download. Both trimmed and untrimed versions of each quadrange are avaiable for public download. "

Washington State/Pacific Northwest Online Data Download site . (CommEn Space, Wa e98 . (1305 4th Ave. #303 Seattle WA 98101 tel:206-749-0112 email:info@commenspace.org GIS contact: Chris Davis, Eugene Martin )

Seabird Colony Maps (California State Lands Commission ) "The following is an index to maps showing seabird colony locations along the coast of California. These maps are scanned images of USGS 7.5" quadrangles that have the colonies drawn on them. These image are from Breeding Populations of Seabirds in California, 1989-1991 by Carter et al. 1992. "

Checklist of Online Vegetation and Plant Distribution Maps (Compiled by Claire Englander and Philip Hoehn, Map Bibliographer, Branner Earth Sciences Library and Map Collections, email: Phil Hoehn phoehn@sulmail.stanford.edu tel:650-725-1103 ) "The 250,000-sheet map collection is located on the mezzanine inside the Branner Library in the Mitchell Building.. .Branner Library has begun inputting geosciences maps done at Stanford into the National Geologic Map Database. We are the first University to be invited by the U.S. Geological Survey to do so.."

Color Shaded Relief Maps of the U.S., (by Ray Sterner, Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory email:sterner@tesla.jhuapl.edu ). This directory contains color shaded relief maps of the U.S....The elevation data has a horizontal resolution of 1/2 arc minute for both East/West and North/South, and a vertical resolution of 20 feet. ...Each map consists of 60 GIF images that cover most of the continental U.S. Both maps show an amazing amount of detail, showing the geomorphology of the U.S. as seldom ever seen . Use and Projection Information . See the maps in a composite image at: JHU/APL Digital Relief Map of the US , The original web page of these maps by Hal Mueller of Texas A&M.

Shaded Relief Maps of the United States . (by Andrew Birrell, Compaq/Digital Equipment Corporation . Phone: (650) 853 2214 Fax: (650) 853 2235 Email: Birrell@pa.dec.com). "The images here are mosaics that I assembled from 5 degree tiles created by Ray Sterner at Johns Hopkins University."

Some examples of the Color Landform Atlas of the United States as a web resource . (Ray Sterner at sterner@tesla.jhuapl.edu) Page of links to some nice web mapping examples using the atlas.

ECP Govt Agency Data Sources .

Digital Chart of the World (DCW) .(National Imagery and Mapping Agency, NIMA General Help Desk (CODH/J-52), 3200 South Second Street, St. Louis, Mo. 63118-3399, DSN: 490-5032, Toll free Phone: 1-800-455-0899 Telephone: (314) 260-5032, Fax: (314) 260-5024, DSN Fax: 490-5024, e-mail: chdesk@nima.mil) "These specifications define the content and structure of the U.S. National Imagery and Mapping Agency (NIMA) Digital Chart of the World (DCW) product."  "This is a collection of Digital Chart of the World files processed from CD-ROM in Vector Product Format into ArcInfo workspaces for the conterminous U.S. This information is provided as a network service and a demonstration of image map capabilities for service of spatial data using the World Wide Web and its clients." Digital Chart of the World ESRI Download Site: You can download DCW sections for free here using Arc Data Online, or from the alternate Penn State University DCW Site. For a description of the DCW, see Summary guide to the Digital Chart of the World (USGS),

The Digital Chart of the World (DCW) & Data Quality Project ( Håvard Tveite, Department of Mapping Sciences at the Agricultural University of Norway. PO Box 5034 N-1432 Ås NORWAY Phone: +47 64948840 Fax: +47 64948856, email havard.tveite@ikf.nlh.no) One of the best comprehensive DCW sites, with an excellent links page to sources of free DCW data and research, reviews, and applications using DCW. "The DCW is the world's most comprehensive 'public domain' GIS database with a nominal scale of 1:1mill...The objectives of the project were: 1.To theoretically examine some data quality characteristics (positional line accuracy and completeness) of spatial databases. 2.To review and summarise present use and quality experiences from DCW users world-wide by means of an Internet based survey. 3.To provide an extensive completeness report of the DCW database using existing material on the DCW and its source map series, the Operational Navigation Charts. " See also: The BOS method for line quality assessment, a published AML/Shell script for data quality assessment.

EROS Data Center Landsat Archive & Landsat Pathfinder .

FAO Sustainable Development GIS: (Sustainable Development Dept. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy. email: Agromet@fao.org ) (Mr. Henri Carsalade Assistant Director-General Sustainable Development Department tel: (+39 6) 57051 fax: (+39 6) 570 53064 e-mail: Henri.Carsalade@fao.org ) FAO Global Climate Maps: see also: FAO World Soil Resouces Map "The World Soil Resources Map was produced by the Soil Resources Management and Conservation Service (AGLS) of the FAO Land and Water Development Division (AGL)." see also: FAO Global Land Cover Land Use Classification Program. see also: FAO/UNESCO Digital Soil Map of the World (1:5,000,000 scale)

GTOPO30 (USGS EROS Data Center, Sioux Falls, SD 57198, Tel: 605 594 6107/6117, Fax: 605 594 6119, Email: edcweb@edc.usgs.gov ) GTOPO30 is a global digital elevation model (DEM) with a horizontal grid spacing of 30 arc seconds (approximately 1 kilometer).

GRID-Arendal's Online GIS and Map and Graphics Database, (United Nations Environment Programme Global Resource Information Database-Arendal, Longum Park, P.O. Box 1602, Myrene N-4801, Arendal, Norway, Tel: +47 37 03 56 50, Fax: +47 37 03 50 50, Email: grid@grida.no ) Free downloadable maps and GIS datasets (in compressed ArcInfo export format) for the Arctic, Global wilderness, global population density, world cities, world databank I and II.

GeoComm Gis Data Depot (GeoComm International Corporation, tel: (850)-897-0110, email: webmaster@geocomm.com) "We are continually looking for new data sources to serve up to the GeoCommunity for FREE. If you have data you wish to trade, sell, or donate to the GeoCommunity - please Contact Us!" You can download for free or select coverages for Geocomm to write onto a CD and ship to you for a nominal charge. Current free downloads include "Over 46,000 24K, 25K, 63K, 100k AND 250k USGS DRGs", Digital Chart of the World (DCW) - E00 Format, Administrative/Political, Demographic Data, Digital Terrain Elevation Data (DTED) Level 0, Environmental/Natural Resource, Geologic, Hydrography, NWI Wetlands Data Bundled by 250K Block, Transportation, USGS Quad Grids. The site also includes free software utilities, spatial news, geospatial discussion forum, and stress-relievers for GIS professionals.

Geogratis Data Site, GeoAccess Program, Natural Resources Canada . () . "GeoGratis is a web site and FTP site that distributes geospatial data of Canada. Data is available for download, without charge!"

Guide to Online & Mostly Free U.S. Geospatial & Attribute Data (Stephan Pollard, Office of Institutional Research (OIR), Administration Bldg. Rm. 125, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas 72701, USA. Tel: 1 (501) 575-5252, E-mail: spollard@comp.uark.edu) Fairly comprehensive list. " This list isn't exhaustive, nor was it intended to be. Its purpose is to provide a starting point when beginning to track down sources of digital geospatial data and attributes related to the US."

Interior Columbia Basin Ecosystem Management Project (ICBEMP) . (Robert A. Norheim GIS Analyst, USGS BRD Field Station for Protected Area Research, College of Forest Resources Univ. of Washington, 206 543-9138 fax:206 543-3254 email:norheim@u.washington.edu http://weber.u.washington.edu/~norheim/ ) . "Over 170 different Geographic Information System (GIS) data layers or themes were compiled or created in support of the ICBEMP Assessment and the development of the Eastside and Upper Columbia River Basin Environmental Impact Statements. The themes were derived from source maps, photos, or transfer media ranging from 1:12,000 to 1:4,000,000 in scale. Some GIS themes mapped features continuously across the entire project area while others covered discrete areas only (e.g. subsample watershed areas). Major data providers included individual administrative units of the Forest Service, Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Environmental Protection Agency, U.S. Geological Survey, U.S. Bureau of Mines, Bonneville Power Administration, universities, state agencies, American Indian tribes, and non-governmental organizations. "

NPS National GIS Program: ( P.O. Box 25287, Denver, CO 80225-0287 Phone: (303) 969-2964 Fax: (303) 969-2822 Contact: Leslie Armstrong, National Park Service National GIS Coordinator, EMail: Leslie_Armstrong@nps.gov ) Available GIS data and Metadata from the NPS including Park Boundaries nationwide . See also Regional Data Sets for regional and park-specific data .

NOAA Environmental Information Services . NOAA data includes the latest GOES images of the U.S., the latest weather maps for the U.S., pictures of Hurricane Emily hitting the Outer Banks, studies of solar terrestrial physics, information on marine biology from the National Marine Fisheries Service, sea surface temperatures from Coast Watch images, weather in space, and many other things.

NOAA Medium Resolution Digital Vector Shoreline is a high-quality, Geographic Information System-ready, general-use digital vector data set created by the Strategic Environmental Assessments (SEA) Division of NOAA's Office of Ocean Resources Conservation and Assessment...The compilation map scale is nominally 1:70,000.

NOAA Medium Resolution Digital Vector Shoreline is a high-quality, Geographic Information System-ready, general-use digital vector data set created by the Strategic Environmental Assessments (SEA) Division of NOAA's Office of Ocean Resources Conservation and Assessment...The compilation map scale is nominally 1:70,000.

NOAA National Climatic Data Center . NCDC is the world's largest active archive of weather data. NCDC produces numerous climate publications and responds to data requests from all over the world. On-Line Data Access: Downloadable Climate & Satellite Data, Inventory Systems, NEXRAD (WSR-88D) Main Directory, Publications.

NOAA National Geophysical Data Center . The National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC) manages environmental data in the fields of marine geology and geophysics, paleoclimatology, solar-terrestrial physics, solid earth geophysics, and glaciology (snow and ice). In each of these fields NGDC also operates a World Data Center (WDC A) discipline center. While not all of our data holdings are available through NGDC's Geophysical On-Line Data (GOLD), new data, meta-data, and information are continually being added.

NOAA National Oceanographic Data Center & World Data Center A for Oceanography . The NODC is one of the environmental data centers operated by the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). The NODC provides ocean data management and ocean data services to researchers and other users in the United States and around the world...The NODC holds physical, chemical, and biological oceanographic data collected by U.S. Federal agencies, including the Department of Defense (primarily the U.S. Navy); State, and local government agencies; universities and research institutions; and private industry.

National Oceanographic Data Center .

NODC Oceanographic Databases . The National Oceanographic Data Center holds global databases of physical, chemical, and biological data, as well as numerous individual datasets. Data can be selectively retrieved from the major databases by geographic area, time period, cruise, or other criteria. Includes: Phytoplankton, Zooplankton, Primary Productivity 1, Primary Productivity 2 , Intertidal Organisms and Habitats, Intertidal/Subtidal Orgs. and Habitats, Benthic Organisms , Fish/Shellfish Surveys, Marine Animal Sightings and Census.

NODC Taxonomic Code CD-ROM, Version 8.0 , The National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC) is pleased to release version 8.0 of the NODC Taxonomic Code, which now contains approximately 244,000 records.

NOAA-NASA Pathfinder Program . An Interagency Partnership in support of Global Climate Change Research. The primary goal of the joint NOAA-NASA Pathfinder Program is the creation of universally available, global, long-term, remote-sensed data sets that can be used to study global climate change. The two agencies have established four joint Pathfinders which are generated from existing remote-sensed data sets for the following sensors: Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR), Television Infrared Observing Satellite (TIROS) Operational Vertical Sounder (TOVS), Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) .

The National Ocean Service's (NOS) MapFinder is a one-stop World Wide Web service that will provide...direct Internet access to NOS imagery and data holdings for coastal photography, nautical charts, coastal survey maps, environmental sensitivity index maps, hydrographic surveys, water level stations, and geodetic control points.

NBS NPFlora and NPFauna databases : Databases of vertebrate and vascular plant occurrences in the US National Parks.

NBS National Water-Quality Assessment Program (NAWQA) :

NPS Vegetation Mapping Program : A multi-year project to produce vegetation maps of 235 natural resources parks within the US National Park System.

Oregon geospatial information sources .State Service Center for GIS home page .Department of Geology and Mineral Industries (DOGAMI) home page .Department of Agriculture home page .Department of Fish and Wildlife home page .Department of Forestry home page .

Oregon Coast Geospatial Data Clearinghouse . (D Wright, Dept of Geosciences, Oregon State Univ Corvallis, OR 97331-5506 tel:541-737-1229 ) "The clearinghouse will be an NSDI-searchable node including thematic data and FGDC-compliant metadata for the entire coast, as well as embedded URL linkages to data throughout the state. Data mining efforts in support of the clearinghouse will serve as a testbed for the implementation of the new FGDC Standards for Shoreline Data."

Southwest Data Center, Co c98 e99 . (Southwestern Colorado Data Center, 4433 County Road 23, Ridgway, CO 81432 tel:(970) 626-3645 fax:(970) 626-3613 email: info@landuse.com GIS contact: Bill Ferguson) Founded in 1994, "goal is to provide a policy neutral source of information for all citizens of the area and to expand our efforts to other regions of the Southwest as is appropriate." GIS & Mapping Projects: "As part of the Maps for People! project we created and compiled a database of GIS information. We digitized 7.5' maps for both Ouray and San Miguel County. We also split government data into county coverages. While most of our data is natural resources information we plan to add demographic and economic information in the future." See their Other GIS Projects: Check out their great MAP GALLERY . "Currently maintained by the Southwest Data Center, the Southwest Metadata Clearinghouse is an Federal Geographic Data Committee (FGDC) Isite node housing metadata for organizations across the western United States." You can search the metadata or enter your own. Prototype Data Sharing Site: "This is an Internet site with a purpose of promoting data sharing throughout the Colorado Plateau. There are many other sites throughout the Plateau that are either attempting to do the same thing or that bring individual pieces of the puzzle to the table. It is our belief that all of these sites should be encouraged in their efforts and we need to figure our how to use this technology of the Internet to celebrate this network." . Make a Map: "Check it out! This tool lets you make your own maps using our data. Utilizing ESRI's Map Objects package you can use your own web browser to access our GIS data and make your own map.

University of California Berkeley Image Libraries Project . (Dr. Robert Wilensky, Principal Investigator, Computer Science Division and School of Information Management and Systems, 721 Soda Hall, University of California, Berkeley Berkeley, CA 94720 TEL:(510) 642-7034 FAX:(510) 643-1534 email:wilensky@CS.Berkeley.EDU ) See also Other Images, Taxonomic, GIS and Geographic Dataset Downloads here as well, including Cal. Water Resources (DWR), Corel Stock Photos BlobWorld quer,y Aerial Photos Sacramento River Delta region, All the Photos in the Berkeley DLP collection, Databases: Bay Area Streets browse a list/active map, California dams active map, CalFlora: species -observations -synonymy, Museum of Vertebrate Zoology specimen records, California Gazeteer: browse, Standard Names: continents -countries -US states . Documents: California Environmental reports -plans -ordinances -EIRs, World Conservation Union (IUCN) Action Plans . Geographical Layers: GIS Viewer Example List, Street Finder active map, Gazeteer active map, Delta Fish Flow active map.

USGS EROS Data Center .(Customer Services, U.S. Geological Survey EROS Data Center, 47914 252nd Street, Sioux Falls, SD 57198-0001 . Tel: 800-252-4547, Tel: 605-594-6151 TDD: 605-594-6933, Fax: 605-594-6589, Email: custserv@edcmail.cr.usgs.gov ) EROS "houses millions of aerial photographs of the United States, as well as images from several series of satellites covering the entire Earth... USGS Digital Line Graphs and Digital Elevation Models are distributed over our anonymous FTP server at no charge." Data download categories include Climate, Digital Line Graphs, Elevation, Geology, Hydrology, Land Cover, Maps, Aerial Photography, Satellite Imagery, Soils and Regional Thematic Data. Anonymous FTP downloads in SDTS format are free, other formats can cost $50 for ftp transfers, or $50-$100 to order a custom CD or Tape. Non-profit conservation groups may apply for data donations. See also: National Aerial Photography Program . "The National High Altitude Photography (NHAP) program was initiated in 1980 and coordinated by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) to acquire aerial photography of the 48 conterminous states every five years. "

ESRI ArcView for Schools & Libraries Bundle: "Schools and libraries can begin using GIS right away with the rich set of materials in this bundle. This package contains powerful GIS software and eight CDs of data from around the world and close to home."

The Ecology Center FTP site: Data List .(THE ECOLOGY CENTER, INC. 801 Sherwood Street, Suite B, Missoula, MT 59802 . phone: 406-728-5733, fax: 406-728-9432, email: ecocenter@wildrockies.org) "We only have about 5GB on out ftp server, so we cannot keep everything up there all the time. But if you see something on the data list that you want, and it is not sitting on the ftp site, send us an email, and we will spot it up there for you to grab. Western Nat Forests Data: Route Management System, Salmon/Steelhead Status, Reclassified Landsat Images, ArcInfo grids. DEMs, ArcInfo grids, 30m. Ownership, hydrology, roadless areas, roads, RNAs, strata, regeneration, covertype: ArcInfo coverages, generally at 1:24000."

Gap National Project State Status Download: (Mr. Michael Jennings, Director, USGS/BRD/Gap Analysis Program, 530 S. Asbury St., Suite 1, Moscow, ID 83843 . Voice: (208)885-3565, Fax: (208)885-3618, E-mail: jennings@uidaho.edu ) You can use this page to find the status of state GAP programs and download some GAP data for free. see also: GAP National Data Ftp Download Page. for free download of GAP state datasets in ArcInfo format. See also: How to Obtain GAP Products, for further instructions on obtaining GAP reports and datasets.

Montana Natural Resource Information System (NRIS) Geographic Information System (GIS) . Data: Montana Maps, Browse our Data List, Search for Data (WAIS), 100k Land Ownership, 100k Public Land Survey. (All online data are in ArcInfo export format, All data are in Montana State Plane Coordinates (NAD 83))

National Imagery and Mapping Agency (National Imagery and Mapping Agency, NIMA General Help Desk (CODH/J-52), 3200 South Second Street, St. Louis, Mo. 63118-3399, DSN: 490-5032, Toll free Phone: 1-800-455-0899 Telephone: (314) 260-5032, Fax: (314) 260-5024, DSN Fax: 490-5024, e-mail: chdesk@nima.mil)

National Geospatial Data Clearinghouse USGS node . The Clearinghouse provides a pathway to find information about geospatial or spatially referenced data available from USGS. The information is in the form of metadata. Metadata or "data about data" describe the content, quality, condition, and other characteristics of data. Many USGS geospatial data products, such as Digital Elevation Models (DEM's) and Digital Line Graphs (DLG's) are available in the Spatial Data Transfer Standard (SDTS) format.

Oklahoma State University Spatial and Environmental Information Clearinghouse . (Director Dr. Jayne Salisbury, Oklahoma State University, 201 Center for International Trade Development (CITD), Stillwater, OK 74078-3011, Phone: 405-744-8433 email: jsalis@okway.okstate.edu, General Phone: (405) 744-9994, Fax: (405) 744-7673 ) Data 1:100,000 and 1:250,000 Scale, DEM, Watershed Boundaries and Digital Elevation Model, Hydrological, Land Use Land Cover, Digital Line Graphs, Digital Orthophoto Quadrangles, Digital Raster Graphs, Digital Raster Graphs, National Wetlands Inventory, Census, Weather

Satellite Imagery Available through the Internet, (Remote Sensing Core Curriculum ,University of Maryland Baltimore County 1000 Hilltop Circle Baltimore, MD 21250. General phone: 410.455.1000 General email: help@umbc.edu ). List of links to public and private sources of satellite imagery, mostly free .

University of Texas at Austin Virtual Geography Dept Geo-spatial Datasets download page (Geographer's Craft Project, Department of Geography, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712-1098, Phone: (512) 471-5116, FAX: (512) 471-5049. Contact: Dr. Kenneth E. Foote: k.foote@mail.utexas.edu.). "On-line sources of geospatial and remote sensing data. Links to national and state agencies, particularly those of the United States. "

USGS Earth and Environmental Science (U.S. Geological Survey, 807 National Center, Reston, VA 20192, USA mailto:esicmail@usgs.gov) Includes: Index of USGS Web Servers, List of GIS Data Servers .

USGS Mapping Information: Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). (GNIS Manager, U.S. Geological Survey, 523 National Center, Reston, VA 20192, Phone: (703) 648-4544, E-mail: gnis_manager@usgs.gov ) The Geographic Names Information System (GNIS), developed by the USGS in cooperation with the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (BGN), contains information about almost 2 million physical and cultural geographic features in the United States. You can download sections of the GNIS dataset for free by anonymous ftp, see: USGS Mapping Information: GNIS File Download FTP Site .The Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) data base is currently organized by individual State and Territory files. The data base is being compiled in two phases. The first phase is complete for all States and Territories, and captured feature names from USGS large-scale topographic maps, U.S. Forest Service maps, National Ocean Service charts, Federal Aviation Administration files, Federal Communications Commission files, and files of the Army Corps of Engineers. The second phase of compilation is complete or in progress for about 65 percent of the United States, and captures names from State, locally, and privately published current and historical maps, charts, and texts.

USGS Mapping Information: Foreign Geographic Names Gazetteers .( Chief, Branch of Geographic Names, U.S. Geological Survey, 523 National Center, Reston, VA 20192 email: gnis_manager@usgs.gov) Use these instructions to place an order for foreign geographic names gazetteers as hard copies on paper.

US NIMA GEOnet Names Server .(Point of contact: Frederick J. Rohrer, email: rohrerf@nima.mil Phone: (301-227-3059) "The GEOnet Names Server (GNS) provides access to the National Imagery and Mapping Agency's (NIMA) database of foreign geographic feature names. Approximately 12,000 of the databases 3.3 million features are updated monthly with names imformation approved by the U.S. Board on Geographic Names (US BGN)." The query system will allow a download of up to 1000 feature names at a time based on numerous query criteria.


Papers on Data, Data Access and the Web

Creating Spatial Data: Finding the Right Tool for the Job ( ESRI Tech Lit Site ) Date: June 1998 Subject: This white paper explains how the biggest investment in implementing a GIS is data creation and maintenance. This paper outlines the issues to consider when creating GIS data and how to create the best data either from scratch or from conversion of existing digital data such as CAD. (78 KB / 10 pages)

GIS Dissemination Policy: Two Surveys and a Suggested Approach by Harlan J. Onsrud, Jeffrey Johnson, Judy Winnecki (Department of Spatial information Science and Engineering, 348A Boardman Hall, University of Maine, Orono, Maine 04469-5711 . Tel:(207) 581-2175 Fax:(207) 581-2206 ) "Selection of appropriate policies for dissemination of GIS data, products, and services continues to be an important issue for ma ny local government agencies. GIS agencies are currently making dissemination policy decisions with little data or information on the economic, legal and political ramifications of choosing one policy or practice over another."

Information Center for the Environment: Public Access to Natural Resource Data (1996 ESRI Conf. Paper, Karen Beardsley and James F. Quinn)...The Information Center for the Environment (ICE) is housed in the Division of Environmental Studies at the University of California, Davis (UCD)...The goals of UCD ICE include providing GIS, database systems, and modelling support to environmental resource projects, and developing easy-to-use public access to a wide variety of environmental information. In support of these goals, UCD ICE staff have developed an interactive mapping query system known as ICE MAPS that allows World-Wide Web users to create and download customized maps.

In Support of Open Access for Publicly Held Geographic Information, Dr. Harlan J. Onsrud, Department of Spatial information Science and Engineering, 348A Boardman Hall, University of Maine, Orono, Maine 04469-5711 . Tel:(207) 581-2175 Fax:(207) 581-2206 email: mailto:onsrud@spatial.maine.edu . IN GIS Law vol 1 no. 1 1992, p 3-6

Metadata Management in GIS (pdf) . ( ESRI Tech Lit Paper ) Date: August 1995 Subject: This white paper defines metadata, describes why metadata are important, and explains the reason for metadata standards. (190 KB / 26 pages)

Promoting a Free Access or Minimal Cost of Dissemination Arrangement for Government-Held Geographic Information Systems Data (1995 ESRI Conf. Abstract, Keene Matsunaga, Jack Dangermond) ...This paper focuses on the role that the governments play in providing public access to GIS data at a minimal cost of dissemination. It analyzes the First Amendment and the U.S. Copyright Act's underlying policies as they relate to the providing of public access to GIS data.

Your Right to Know in the UK (1997 ERSI Paper, Susan Pipes, Friends of the Earth, 26-26 Underwood Street London, N1 7JQ UNITED KINGDOM, Telephone: 44-171-566-1637 Fax: 44-171-490-0881 E-mail: susanp@for.co.uk) Defining Issue: Friends of the Earth (FOE) has been using spatial analysis as a campaigning tool for over six years. However, in order to maintain the integrity of our GIS research we need to have better access to the United Kingdom government's environmental information. Unlike in the United States there is no Freedom of Information Act in the U.K. at present, and it is the aim of this paper to chart the progress made by FOE and others in obtaining better access to environmental information in the U.K. - our legal challenges, our winning campaigns and our present battles. One Solution: The paper will give a live Internet demonstration of the clear example, FOE has set for the U.K. government in the provision of real access to environmental information. FOE has published the government's own Chemical Release Inventory , a complex database of chemical emissions recorded at U.K. factories, on the Internet via a mapping interface. By entering their post code (or ZIP Code) the user generates a map centered on their own home that identifies local factories. These can then be clicked on to discover emission levels from each individual factory. Voted the Best Non-Commerical Site by GIS World, FOE's version of the Chemical Release Inventory has revolutionized access to this information. In 1994/95 the U.K. government recorded 760 requests for this information. In 1995/96 FOE responded to 25,000 requests for the same information.


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