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(ECP and CTSP grantees, reports, and other sites of interest for conservation geograpy, mapping and GIS. Grantees are coded by program and year of grant at the end of their name/state, i.e. e91 means ECP grant in 1991. c=cstp, cm=ctsp-mac, cs=ctsp-software)

The Federal Geographic Data Committee(FGDC) has assumed leadership in the evolution of the NSDI in cooperation with state and local governments, academia, and the private sector. FGDC Project Areas: Clearinghouse, Standards, Metadata, Framework, Cooperative Agreements, Partnerships. see also Secretary Babbitt's ESRI Conference Speech : "ESTABLISHING ROOTS IN OUR LANDSCAPES OF COMPLEXITY"

FGDC National Geospatial Data Clearinghouse . The National Geospatial Data Clearinghouse is a distributed, electronically connected network of geospatial data producers, managers, and users. The clearinghouse will allow its users to determine what geospatial data exist, find the data they need, evaluate the usefulness of the data for their applications, and obtain or order the data as economically as possible.

FGDC National Vegetation Classification System Draft Vegetation Standards. "At present there is no Federal standard for the vegetation classification and reporting of vegetation statistics. However, there is broad recognition of the need to establish national definitions and classification standards that will facilitate a national synoptic view of the vegetation resources of the United States. This document proposes a standard for terminology, aspects of data and the vegetation classification system...The NVCS is largely the result of modifications to the vegetation classification system compiled and refined for resource management and conservation planning at The Nature Conservancy (TNC Ecology Working Group 1994, 1996 (in prep)). The upper five physiognomic levels of the TNC system (Class, Subclass, Group, Subgroup and Formation) are based on modifications by TNC Ecology Working Group of the UNESCO (1973) and Driscoll et al (1984) vegetation classification systems. The lower two floristic levels (Alliance and Community Association) have been developed and are periodically enhanced by the ongoing work of TNC and the network of State Heritage Programs (TNC Ecology Working Group 1996 (in prep)). " see also USGS/NPS Vegetation Classification Standard. see also US FWS: Field Testing the FGDC's Vegetation Classification Standard .

Guide to On-line & mostly free U.S. Geospatial and Attribute data by Stephen Pollard, FGDC. This list of hundreds and hundreds of links "is representative of a minimal amount of effort spread out over several months the purpose of which was to provide a starting point when beginning to track down sources of digital geospatial data and attributes related to the US."

US National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII) . The NBII will provide information on and access to biological databases, information products, directories, and guides maintained by Federal, State, and local government agencies, and private organizations...Report on State Biodiversity Database Survey: "The Biological Resources Division, Fish and Wildlife Information Exchange (FWIE), and Organization of Fish and Wildlife Information Managers have collaborated on a survey of State biodiversity databases. The survey results will be used to create an electronic directory of State biodiversity databases, which will be accessible on the NBII through the FWIE web site in the near future."

Inter-American Biodiversity Information Network (IABIN) . "an initiative of the Summit of the Americas to provide greater and more useful access to biodiversity information throughout the hemisphere. The establishment of IABIN was called for in Article 31 of the Action Plan arising from the Summit of the Americas on Sustainable Development, held in Santa Cruz, Bolivia, in December, 1996. "

The National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI) is conceived to be an umbrella of policies, standards, and procedures under which organizations and technologies interact to foster more efficient use, management, and production of geospatial data. The major components of the NSDI currently under development include a basic framework of digital geospatial data to act as a foundation for numerous other data collection activities; known quality thematic data sets of critical national importance; standards to facilitate data collection, documentation, access, and transfer,and the means to search, query, find, access, and use geospatial data.

NSDI Framework of digital geospatial data . "GIS applications of many different disciplines have a recurring need for a few themes of data. The framework is a collaborative effort to produce and maintain these basic geographic data. "

Inter-American Geospatial Data Network (IGDN)s o . The Inter-American Geospatial Data Network (IGDN), supported by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), encourages environmentally sound, broad-based economic growth and free trade in the Western Hemisphere through improved access to geospatial data for business, NGOs, and governments in the region. ... Pan American Institute of Geography and History (PAIGH): PAIGH has created the "Status of Mapping in the Americas" index maps describing the availability of geospatial data throughout the Americas. The 1993 version has been created as an electronic version with each of the following categories. The 1997 version is being designed by the U.S. Geological Survey and printed by the Defense Mapping Agency and will be available through the Internet. ...1993 Status Of Mapping in the Americas Index Maps: (GIF images)Large Scale Maps, Intermediate/Small Scale Maps, Aeronautical Charts, Hydrographic Charts, Horizontal Geodesy, Large Scale Digital Data, Intermediate/Small Digital Data, Large Scale Images Maps, Intermediate/Small Scale Image Maps, Vertical Geodesy .

USDA Information Technology Center (ITC) . The mission of ITC is to plan, develop, support, and maintain Natural Resources Conservation Service integrated information systems responsive to client needs. NRCS FTP Site, FOCS, Databases, Infrastructure, and Administration, FOCS Geospatial Interface (FGI)

General US Govt Agencies

US Bureau of the Census, Tiger Mapping Service: online access to Census Tiger data in an interactive map browser: "The Map Surfer (or TIGER® Map Service) was built in 1995 as a proof of concept to see what it took to build a basic Web mapping application. It was never intended to be a general purpose mapping application to fill every mapping need...It was developed by adapting an existing piece of mapping software to create maps on the Internet. This test application was not completely documented as the Census Bureau never intended to disseminate it to the public. As written, the software is hardware specific and some components of the uncompiled source code used to generate the mapping engine have been lost...There are several commercial map packages available now that can provide Internet map images. We suggest that you look at some of these applications for models of this type of software. ..The map data used in the Map Surfer application is the Census Bureau's TIGER/Line '94 data set. For the continental U. S. the data is in the NAD 27 datum..The map images you can download from this site are in the public domain and you are free to use them as you choose. They are created on the fly and displayed on the screen in the GIF format which is a raster (or bit map) format. They aren't meant to be imported into other mapping or GIS packages. They can be imported into many graphics or paint packages where they can be further manipulated to a limited extent. If you want the base data for use in your GIS or other mapping package visit our TIGER® Page for information on the TIGER/Line® 1995 product."

US Bureau of Reclamation, Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Group . ..."Typical GIS and remote sensing applications include those designed to monitor and analyze agricultural practices, natural vegetation, riparian ecology, water quality, wildlife and fisheries management, land suitability for irrigation, hydrology and water resources, social and economic change, and automated mapping and facilities management (am/fm)." Projects: Upper Colorado Basin Irrigated Lands, Glen Canyon Environmental Studies, Animas-LaPlata Wetland/Riparian Vegetation Classification and Inventory, NEXRAD Radar Calibration for Snow .

US Army Corps of Engineers

US Army Corps of Engineers node of the National Geospatial Data Clearinghouse . (Webmaster ) The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) has a server on the Internet on which they store and make available to all interested persons geospatial data and metadata. see also : Accessing Corps geospatial data and metadata .

US Army Corps of Engineers Geospatial Data Center . (Contact: Nancy Blyler, CECW-EP 202-761-8893 Washington, D.C. " This web site is the central point of information for the US Army Corps of Engineers Geospatial Data and Systems (GD&S) Program..Future Map: TEC's Prototype Interactive US Atlas is here! Great LINKS PAGE .

US Bureau of Reclamation Federal geospatial information sources:

USGS National Mapping Information . "The production of digital cartographic data and graphic maps comprises the largest component of the USGS National Mapping Program (NMP). Cartographic data are compiled from aerial photographs, other remotely sensed images, historical records, legal documents, and direct field observations and surveys and comply with standards of content, geometric accuracy, and presentation."

NRCS NSDI Node . Natural Resources Conservation Service soils data . "NRCS distributes Natural Resources Inventory, Plants, and Soils data to the general public. "

EPA GIS spatial data library system . ESDLS is a repository for the Agency's new and legacy geospatial data holdings. Users can access these data holdings through various GIS applications. ESDLS, which enables Agency access to its geospatial data in ArcInfo format, integrates these data in a standardized, consistent, and substainable framework.

EPA GIS Tools . EPA National Geographic Information Systems Tools and Projects.

EPA National GIS Program . "Protecting the environment is a job that is inherently geographic in nature. Achieving an informed understanding of the often complex spatial inter-relationships of natural resources and human population as they relate to the potential or known pollution sources is critical to successfully accomplishing the mission of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). "

USFWS National Wetlands Inventory (NWI) . USFWS Region 1 (Pacific) welcome page . BLM's agencywide GIS home page . Flood Insurance Rate Maps (Digital and Analog) . USGS's Global Land Information System (GLIS) . National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII) page. The National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis (NCGIA) home page . National Geodetic Survey home page . National Spatial Data Infrastructure (NSDI) clearinghouse .

US Bureau of Indian Affairs

BIA Geographic Data Service Center (GDSC), (3000 Youngfield St., Suite 230 Lakewood, CO 80215 . Voice: (303) 231-5100 Helpdesk: (303) 231-5120 Fax: (303) 231-5122 . . "The BIA Geographic Data Service Center (GDSC), located in Lakewood, Colorado, supports Indian Tribes and BIA personnel in the design, development and maintenance of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and other spatially oriented databases. In addition, the GDSC builds and maintains spatial information, on a national level, for the BIA." MAPS SECTION . TECHNICAL HELP DESK (303) 231-5120: "The GDSC provides FREE technical assistance to BIA and Tribal personnel through the Help Desk. The Help Desk is staffed from 7:00 AM to 5:00 PM (Mountain Time) by GDSC technical staff who are ready to answer questions on GIS software and applications, remote sensing applications, training, or other topics pertaining to the mission of the GDSC and the needs of our clients in Indian Country. Call us - we're here for you! "

All text by the respective organizations, January 2, 1997

Compilation & web design: Charles Convis, ESRI Conservation Program, April 2, 1996


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